livestock and poultry environmental stewardship (lpes) curriculum

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Project Leaders: Rick Koelsch, University of Nebraska and Frank Humenik, North Carolina State University Project Manager: Diane Huntrods, MWPS, ISU Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum 1

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Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum. Project Leaders: Rick Koelsch, University of Nebraska and Frank Humenik, North Carolina State University Project Manager: Diane Huntrods, MWPS, ISU. 1. Today’s Purpose. Introduce LPES Curriculum Development process - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Page 1: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Project Leaders:

Rick Koelsch, University of Nebraska and

Frank Humenik, North Carolina State University

Project Manager: Diane Huntrods, MWPS, ISU

Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship (LPES)

Curriculum

1

Page 2: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

2Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Today’s Purpose

• Introduce LPES Curriculum

– Development process

– Contents

– Access

• Discuss its applications

Page 3: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

3Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Our goal: we strive to deliver a national core curriculum that

• Encourages environmental stewardship and regulatory compliance in animal production.

• Targets livestock and poultry producers.

• Is accessible nationally to information providers, industry advisors, and producers.

• Can be adapted to state and local educational needs.

Page 4: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

4Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Why the LPES Curriculum?

For the following reasons, demand for environmental education programs is growing:

• Mandatory certification

• Voluntary University extension education

• Pro-active commodity group education

• Advisor continuing education

• Employee/contractor training

Page 5: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

5Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Why the LPES Curriculum?A need exists for educational

products that

• Summarize current research and science-based knowledge.

• Encourage the sharing of knowledge.

• Are accessible to producers and information providers throughout the U.S.

Page 6: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Why LPES? Research and Educational Programs Addressing

Livestock Issues …

How do we sharethis knowledge among states?

Odor Control Research in

Confinement Barns

Manure Storage

Construction Training

Open Lot Dust & Odor

Control

Land Applicator

Certification Program

P Management

Research

Nutrient Management

Planning

Dairy Assessment &

Certification Programs

6

Page 7: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

LPES Curriculum Development Process

7

Page 8: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Participating States

Author Team

Review/Pilot Team

Access Team

8

Page 9: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

LPES Project Activities

1999 2000 2001 2002

Stakeholder awareness

Develop plan& 1st draft

Peer review

2nd draft

Pilot testing

Final product

Regionalworkshops ?

9

Page 10: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

10Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency through their

National Agriculture Assistance Center funded this effort.

Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension

Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture provided project

oversight.

University of Nebraska and North Carolina State University

Cooperative Extension provided project leadership.

Funding

Page 11: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

11Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Tour of LPES Curriculum

Page 12: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

12Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Curriculum DesignModule A. Module A.

IntroductionIntroduction

Module A. Module A. Animal Dietary StrategiesAnimal Dietary Strategies

Module C. Module C. Manure Storage andManure Storage andTreatmentTreatment

Module D. Module D. Land Application and Land Application and Nutrient ManagementNutrient Management

Module E. Module E. Outdoor Air QualityOutdoor Air Quality

Module F. Module F. Related IssuesRelated Issues

Page 13: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Curriculum Design

Module A. Module A. IntroductionIntroduction

Lessons:Lessons:

1. Principles of environmental stewardship1. Principles of environmental stewardship

2. Whole farm nutrient planning2. Whole farm nutrient planning

13

Page 14: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

14Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

An Environmental StewardAn Environmental Steward

Lesson 1 Example

• Knows the rules.

• Balances nutrients entering and leaving.

• Is a good neighbor.

Page 15: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

15Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Lesson 2 Example

Fundamental nutrient question:Fundamental nutrient question:

Is My Livestock or Is My Livestock or Poultry Operation Poultry Operation

Concentrating Nutrients?Concentrating Nutrients?

Page 16: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Curriculum Design

Module B. Module B. Animal Dietary StrategiesAnimal Dietary Strategies

Lessons:

1O. Reducing nutrient excretion of pigs

11. Using diet to reduce nutrient excretion of poultry

12. Feeding dairy cows to reduce nutrient excretion

13. Using diet to reduce nutrient excretion of feedlot cattle

16

Page 17: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Curriculum Design

Module C. Module C. Manure Storage andManure Storage and

TreatmentTreatment

Lessons:

20. Planning and evaluation of manure storage

21. Sizing manure storages

22. Open lot runoff management options

23. Manure storage construction

24. Operation and maintenance of manure storage facilities

25. Manure treatment options 17

Page 18: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

18Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Sitting ConsiderationsEarthen Impoundments

Buffer distances

• Reduce impact on non-owned dwellings

• Distance may depend on # of animal units or regulation.

• May relate to public notice requirements

Lesson 20: Planning

Page 19: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Soils ConsiderationsEarthen Impoundments

v = k (H+d)/d

v = seepage rate through liner

k = permeability coefficient of liner

H = liquid depth

d = liner thickness

Seepage described by Darcy’s law

clay liner

k

Lesson 23: Design

19

Page 20: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Lesson 24: Management

20

Page 21: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Curriculum Design

Module D. Land Application

and Nutrient Management

Lessons:

30. Soil utilization of manure

31. Manure utilization plans

32. Selecting land application sites

33. Phosphorus management for ag. and the environment

34. Land application records and sampling

35. Land application equipment 21

Page 22: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

LPES Flexibility for Future Issues

Module E. Module E. Outdoor Air QualityOutdoor Air Quality

Lessons:

40. Emissions from animal systems

41. Emissions control for animal housing

42. Controlling dust and odor from open lots

43. Emission control for manure storage

44. Emission control for land application

22

Page 23: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

23Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Lesson 41Emission Control Strategies from

Building SourcesBy Larry Jacobson,University of Minnesota;

Jeff Lorimor,Iowa State University;

Jose R. Bicudo, University of Kentucky;

and D. R. Schmidt, University of Minnesota

Page 24: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

24Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Why is no dust blowing?

Wind

Why is dust blowing?

Lesson 42

Page 25: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Manure harvested within previous 3 days, < 1 inch deep

Wind

Manure not yet harvested, > 2 inches deep

Lesson 42

25

Page 26: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Curriculum Design

Module F. Module F. Related IssuesRelated Issues

Lessons:

51. Emergency action plans

52. Mortality management

53. Risk and regulatory assessment workbook

26

Page 27: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Curriculum Design

Module F. Module F. Related IssuesRelated Issues

Lessons:

51. Emergency action plans

52. Mortality management

53. Risk and regulatory assessment workbook

27

Page 28: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Case Study #2 . . . Improper Modificationof Storage Structure

• 7.3-acre swine lagoon, SE North Carolina

• No irrigation equipment on site

• About a week before the spill, farm workers improperly installed pipe in lagoon embankment.

• Rainwater from a tropical storm ponded above and then scoured out the embankment near where pipe was installed.

• The lagoon breached, releasing lagoon effluent and sludge.

Lesson 50

28

Page 29: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Flexibility for Future Issues

Module E. Module E. Outdoor Air QualityOutdoor Air Quality

Lessons:

40. Emissions from animal systems

41. Emissions control for animal housing

42. Controlling dust and odor from open lots

43. Emission control for manure storage

44. Emission control for land application

45. Controlling Ammonia Emissions (?) 29

Page 30: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Curriculum Features

Page 31: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Stewardship Assessment Tools

Hom

e F

arm

Nort

h P

ivot

Hom

e F

arm

Hom

e F

arm

Nort

h P

ivot

Nort

h P

ivot

31

Page 32: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Regulatory Compliance Assessment Tools

Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality, 402-471- 3711

No limitations on plan writers

For farms > 300 AU with LWCF Permit

Annually for each manure storage facility

xx

x

x

x

x

x

32

Page 33: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

33Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Manure P vs. Cropland P Use

PowerPoint PowerPoint presentation presentation

for each for each lessonlesson

Page 34: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

34Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Manure P vs. Cropland P Use (cont.)

PowerPoint PowerPoint presentation presentation

for each for each lessonlesson

Page 35: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

35Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Manure P vs. Cropland P Use (cont.)

PowerPoint PowerPoint presentation presentation

for each for each lessonlesson

Page 36: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Presenter notes support presentations

36

Page 37: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

37Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Access to Curriculum

Page 38: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Website access at <www.LPES.org>

38

Page 39: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Website access

Page 40: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Website access (continued)

Page 41: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

41Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Hardcopy and CD format available through MWPS

Page 42: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

42Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Who Is MWPS?

• Consortium of 12 North Central land-grant university Cooperative Extension programs

• Role is to facilitate regional and national peer- reviewed publications

• Target audience is agriculture

• Provides access to publication development, publishing, marketing, and maintenance services

Page 43: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Regional Workshops for Introducing LPES Curriculum

Alaska Hawaii

U ofGuam

Workshoplocations

e

Aqua colored states haverequested travel grants to send team.

43

Page 44: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

44Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Potential LPES Applications

Page 45: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

45Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Audience

• Producers

- Wide range of knowledge

• Advisors

- Planners (public and private)

- Nutritionists

- Bankers

- Engineers

- Contractors

Page 46: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

46Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Audience (continued)

• Public officials

- Planning Boards

- County Governments

- State Agencies

Inspectors

Policy makers

• EPA

- Inspectors

- Policy makers

Page 47: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

47Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Audience (continued)

• General public

• Environmental groups

• Students

Page 48: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

48Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

New York Applications/Plans

• CNMP Planner required training        

• CNMP Planner continuing education        

• Farm Bureau Farmer Forums        

• NRCS and SWCD new employee training        

• Cornell Cooperative Extension Educators’ county programs

• EQIP education for producers       

• Planning Boards

• Public education

Page 49: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Georgia Applications/Plans

• CNMP Planner required training and continuing education      

• Animal Feeding Operator certification program and continuing education            

• Certification of manure brokers       

• Farm Bureau and commodity group annual meetings       

• NRCS and SWCD new employee training       

• Cooperative Extension Service In-service training and county programs       

• 4-H and youth programs       

• Use of components for education of municipal wastewater operators in land application programs

49

Page 50: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

50Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

California Applications/Plans

Educational components for CNMP

– Manure storage

– Land application

– Manure treatment

– Emergency action plans

– Whole farm nutrient balance

– Dairy diet

– Mortality management

Page 51: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

Illinois Applications/Plans

• Replace most of the current curriculum for state-mandated Certified Livestock Manager training

• Home study materials for the Web-based optional quiz program in the Certified Livestock Manager program

• Study materials for the state-administered exam for the Certified Livestock Manager program.

• Supplemental material for the development of comprehensive nutrient management plans

• Basis for a multi-departmental college undergraduate course on livestock manure management

51

Page 52: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

52Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Nebraska Applications/Plans

• Land Application certification program

• Air Quality home study course

(swine and beef specific) 

• CNMP pilot project

• Adding science to county zoning discussions

• Animal Science Senior Industry Issues class

Page 53: Livestock and Poultry  Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum

53Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship

Overview

Thank you