liver cancer: cyberknife treatment overview

Download Liver Cancer: CyberKnife Treatment Overview

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Opened in 2011, New Jersey CyberKnife at the J. Phillip Citta Regional Cancer Center is active in clinical research and combines experienced physicians with the latest medical advances. About 21,000 Americans are diagnosed with primary liver cancer each year and it is twice as common in men than in women. If you or a loved one is diagnosed with liver cancer, contact New Jersey CyberKnife to schedule a consultation with our physicians to determine the best next step for your treatment needs.

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  • 1. 99 Route 37, West Toms River, NJ 08755 (732) 557-3120 www.newjerseyck.com
  • 2. A liver cancer diagnosis can be scary. Learn more about liver cancer and how we can help. Please note: We encourage consumers to thoroughly review and understand all treatment op8ons. The informa8on presented here is not all-inclusive. Rather, it represents a star8ng point to learn more about medical condi8ons and treatment op8ons. There is no subs,tute for consul,ng a medical professional. 99 Route 37, West Toms River, NJ 08755 (732) 557-3120 www.newjerseyck.com
  • 3. 99 Route 37, West Toms River, NJ 08755 (732) 557-3120 www.newjerseyck.com
  • 4. About Liver Cancer The liver is the largest internal organ. It lies under your right ribs just beneath your right lung. It is shaped like a pyramid and divided into right and le9 lobes which are further divided into segments. The liver gets blood from the hepa=c artery and the portal vein and is made up of mainly hepatocyte cells. The dierent types of cells in the liver can for several types of malignant and benign tumors. About 21,000 Americans are diagnosed with primary liver cancer each year and is twice as common in men than in women. 99 Route 37, West Toms River, NJ 08755 (732) 557-3120 www.newjerseyck.com
  • 5. Types of Liver Cancer A cancer that starts in the liver is called primary liver cancer. Here are the types of primary liver cancer: Hepatocellular carcinoma (hepatocellular cancer) Intrahepa=c cholangiocarcinoma (bile duct cancer) Angiosarcoma and hemangiosarcoma Hepatoblastoma For more informa=on on the types of primary liver cancer, as well as informa=on on secondary liver cancer, click here. 99 Route 37, West Toms River, NJ 08755 (732) 557-3120 www.newjerseyck.com
  • 6. Risk Factors of Liver Cancer There is no single cause of liver cancer, though there are several known risk factors: Gender Seen more o9en in men. Age Risks generally increase for older men. Race Asian Americans and Pacic Islanders have a higher risk for unknown reasons followed by American Indians/Alaska Na=ves and Hispanic/La=nos, African Americans and whites. NaAonality much more common in countries in sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia 99 Route 37, West Toms River, NJ 08755 (732) 557-3120 www.newjerseyck.com
  • 7. Risk Factors of Liver Cancer Cirrhosis Chronic viral hepaAAs Heavy alcohol use Obesity Type 2 diabetes Inherited metabolic diseases Alfatoxins Arsenic InfecAon with parasites For full descrip=ons of these risk factors, click here. 99 Route 37, West Toms River, NJ 08755 (732) 557-3120 www.newjerseyck.com
  • 8. What are symptoms of liver cancer? Signs and symptoms of liver cancer o9en do not show up un=l the later stages of the disease. Most common symptoms are: Weight loss (without trying) Loss of appe=te Feeling very full a9er a small meal Nausea or vomi=ng An enlarged liver, felt as a mass under ribs on the right side An enlarged spleen, felt as a mass under the ribs on the le9 side Pain in the abdomen or near the right shoulder blade Swelling or uid build-up in the abdomen Itching Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice) Chronic hepa==s or cirrhosis are also common causes which may cause the person to feel worse than usual or have a change in lab results. 99 Route 37, West Toms River, NJ 08755 (732) 557-3120 www.newjerseyck.com
  • 9. 99 Route 37, West Toms River, NJ 08755 (732) 557-3120 www.newjerseyck.com
  • 10. How does CyberKnife treat liver cancer? Prior to stereotac=c body radiosurgery treatment with CyberKnife, small =ssue markers known as ducials are implanted in the liver to help the CyberKnife pinpoint the tumor loca=on throughout each treatment, so the radia=on beams can be locked on the tumor. About a week later, pa=ents are Xed with a custom body mold of so9 material that they lie on during treatments. The Yng process is painless. The treatment process includes: I. Consulta=on appointment II. Pretreatment procedures III. CyberKnife treatment IV. Follow-up 99 Route 37, West Toms River, NJ 08755 (732) 557-3120 www.newjerseyck.com
  • 11. ConsultaAon and Pretreatment Procedures New Jersey CyberKnife physicians, therapists and nurses are focused on your individualized treatment plan: You will meet a New Jersey CyberKnife radia=on oncologist to decide if CyberKnife treatment is appropriate for your diagnosis. Your CyberKnife team will decide which pretreatment procedures you may need to help develop your treatment plan. These could include a CT scan, an MRI, laboratory studies or =ssue markers. The data from your pretreatment procedures will be used by the CyberKnife team to determine the exact size, shape and loca=on of your tumor. This informa=on will indicate the size of the area being treated with radia=on, the radia=on dose and cri=cal structures where radia=on exposure should be minimized. 99 Route 37, West Toms River, NJ 08755 (732) 557-3120 www.newjerseyck.com
  • 12. CyberKnife Treatment Typically treatment is completed within ve sessions. On the day of your treatment: 1. A therapist will help you onto the treatment table and t the body mold. Pa=ents are observed throughout the treatment on closed-circuit television, and they can pause treatment at any =me by waving or speaking to the technicians. 2. 3. While the CyberKnifes advanced tracking system accounts for movements like breathing, youre asked to lie s=ll during treatments. The system periodically takes x-ray images and compares them to the CT scan data to make sure the radia=on beam is locked on the tumor. Pa=ents can usually return to their normal rou=nes once the treatment is complete. 99 Route 37, West Toms River, NJ 08755 FOR YOUR INFORMATION Treatment procedures take about 30 90 minutes, depending on the complexity of your tumor. Pa=ents are asked to wear comfortable clothing during CyberKnife treatments. Jewelry is acceptable unless it is close to the area being treated. Feel free to bring an iPod or your favorite music CDs with you on the day of your treatment, and we will play them for you during the procedure. (732) 557-3120 www.newjerseyck.com
  • 13. AddiAonal Resources 99 Route 37, West Toms River, NJ 08755 (732) 557-3120 www.newjerseyck.com
  • 14. Our Center Opened in 2011, New Jersey CyberKnife at the J. Phillip CiXa Regional Cancer Center is ac=ve in clinical research and combines experienced physicians with the latest medical advances. Our state-of-the-art technology oers hope to pa=ents in New Jersey and beyond. Medical Director Dr. David DAmbrosio specialized in advanced radia=on therapies and his exper=se includes intensity- modulated and stereotac=c radia=on therapies, including CyberKnife radiosurgery.Our center provides the only CyberKnife technology in Ocean County New Jersey. If you or a loved one is diagnosed with liver cancer, contact New Jersey CyberKnife to schedule a consulta=on with our physicians to determine the best next step for your treatment needs. Medical Director: Dr. David DAmbrosio Chairman of RadiaAon Oncology at Community Medical Center: Dr. Rajesh Iyer CyberKnife Nurse: Debbie Moriarty, RN, MSN, OCN Connect with us 99 Route 37, West Toms River, NJ 08755 (732) 557-3120 www.newjerseyck.com