Literature Survey, Literature Comprehension , & Literature Review

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Literature Survey, Literature Comprehension , & Literature Review. Literature Comprehension. Process of reading and understanding the research found in the survey process. The first thing to do is to organise your collected research based on sub-topics within your research - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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What is research?

Literature Survey, Literature Comprehension, & Literature Review1Literature Comprehension Process of reading and understanding the research found in the survey process. The first thing to do is to organise your collected research based on sub-topics within your researchPhysical piles, folders, sections within your digital library Some papers might be about the overall themes and others might be about specific issues.

2Literature Comprehension Initially you will find this scaryYou will be presented with lots of with new terminology, models and approaches.THIS IS PERFECTLY NORMALDont get overwhelmed by it allJust read papers one by one and make a note of all new terms, models and approachesYou will soon start to see things coming together

3Literature Comprehension Dont get overwhelmed by it allYou are learning a new skill through practiceThe more papers you read, the less new terms you will be encountering, the more of an expert you will become. You are also adding to your keyword search list.The first few papers are the worst, once you are over that hurdle, you will find the rest much easier.

4Literature Comprehension Also dont be afraid to ask for help from your lecturer or supervisor or other people.Do you know what areas of research your lecturers are interested in ?

5Types of ReadingScanningCasting your eye overLooking for particular pointsSkimmingRapid, surfaceGaining a general impressionReceptive listening to the authorSteady, easy paceReflectiveThink carefully about what you are readingAnalysis, Evaluation, JudgementCollectionUnderstandingReview Literature Comprehension Skim and scan in collectionActive Reflective Reading in comprehension Dont just skim read the material, but understand what you are reading, as you are reading it. It may be necessary to re-read a sentence, one phrase at a time, or one word at a time until the meaning is evident. It may be the case that you will have to consult some reference source to confirm the meaning of terminology, this being the case, it is only logical to keep reference material close to hand (textbooks, the internet, dictionaries, etc.)

7Literature Comprehension Make a note of any nice phrases used in the papersany interesting approaches to the experiments and any nice display of results.

8How to read a research paper?Your Objectives are to: Understand the problem discussedUnderstand the proposed solution proposedUnderstand competing approaches / designs that could have been usedEvaluate the paper in terms ofThe area you are looking atYour work in particular

SQ3R TechniqueSurveyGet the general idea QuestionWhat questions would you like the text to answer?ReadIf you think it is relevant to your workRecallTry to recall the main points after reading (and record)ReviewTo confirm you have understood and collected the main pointsSurvey (scan and skim)Try to identify if this is relevant to your workLook atTitleTable of contentsKeywordsAbstractIntroductionAnd conclusionFirst and last paragraphs of various sectionsLook for keywords in textBibliographyBased on this decide if you want to proceedQuestionRead activelyTry to relate to ExperienceOther workYour thinkingFormulate questions you think the text will/should answerReadConnectTo your workOther workYour experienceTake notesBreak large texts into smaller more manageable chunks and read as separate textsE.g. LiteratureExperimentConclusions

Recall and ReviewAfter each readingWrite a short paragraph (one-three sentences) summarising what you have readWrite a short paragraph (one-three sentences) about what you think this signals for your work(can be combined)

The Three Pass Approach First PassObjective: To decide if the paper is worth a reflective readAim for 5-10 minsQuick scan to get a quick overview Read the title, abstract, and introductionRead the section and sub-section headings(but not the content of sections)Look at the diagrams and tables to see architectures used or results producedRead the conclusionsTake a quick look at the references, look for those you have already read and those that could be of interestOutcome: Decision on whether paper is worth a second pass

The Three Pass Approach First PassAfter first pass should be able to decide the following:Category: What type of paper is it? A review? A proposal for an approach? A report of experimentation? A description of a prototype? A critical comparison? Context: Where does it fit with what you have already read? Which other papers is it related to? What tools were used?Contributions: What are the paper's main contributions?Clarity: Is the paper well written?

The Three Pass Approach Second PassObjective: To understand the paper and the evidence usedAim for 30-40 minsMake notesIdentify questions you would have for the authorThis will help you refine your research questionWhat evidence is being used and how?How is it evaluated?Any references you havent read and how they are being usedWrite a short paragraph outlining main focus of paper and evidence to support thisOutcome:Decide to discard the paperDecide to return to it later after you have read some more Proceed to phase 3The Three Pass Approach Third PassObjective: To get a detailed understanding of the work described in the paperTry to identify assumptionsChallenge statements madeFollow the evidenceIs the evaluation suitable ? Similar to other workStrengths and weaknessesWhats missing?Have you a different view?Make notesCreate a set of paragraphs summarising your reflectionsOutcome:Likely contribution to your literature reviewMaybe even start of a sectionWhy take notes?To summariseTo rememberTo concentrateTo make connectionsTo use laterTo avoid plagiarism

Literature Comprehension To help you in this process, use the article review checksheet with questions you should consider after reading a paper:

http://www.comp.dit.ie/dgordon/CheckSheets/ScienceArticleCheckSheet.doc

20Useful ShorthandAbreviationse.g.i.e.n.b.>=>ibidMeaningFor exampleThat is in other wordsNote wellMore thanLess thanSame asLeads to ImpliesIn the same workTypes of notePattern notesMindmapsSpider diagramsLinear/Hierarchical notesHeadings, sub-headingsNumbering, indentationFor allColour coding

Literature Comprehension Literature MapYou are going to have to put some structure on the literature, one suggestion is to create a literature map.Write the title of your research on top, and the main topics relevant to your research underneath, now associate the papers you are reading with each of the topics.

23Literature Map

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