literature: music and dance

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  • 1. MUSiMUSi CC

2. What is Music?Music? * The word derives from Greek word, MousikeMousike which means "art of the Muses".art of the Muses". * Music is an artart form whose medium is sound and silence. * Music may be played and heard live, may be part of a dramatic work or film, or may be recorded. 3. . Ancient Greek and Indian philosophers defined music as tones ordered horizontally as melodies and vertically as harmonies. 4. 20th-century composer John Cage thought that any sound can be music, saying, for example, "There is no noise, only sound. 5. Musical Notation 6. Notation system of signs by means of which music is written d which indicate pitch and duration. Notation of PitchNotation of Pitch taff (Staves/Staffs) a five-horizontal line with 4 equal spaces in which musical notation is w Clef a letter sign placed on the staff to indicate the pitch of notes, ither G (treble) , C, or F (bass) Octave the distance between two notes of the same letter (eg. From C to the next C note) 7. Notation of Duration (Note Values) Note and Rest each has correspondence with each other, each further divided into two Triplet Groups note values are divided into three Meter series of regular pulses, also grouping pulses indicated by time signatures Time signatures include the number of beats indicated by a bar in the staff, like 3/4, 2/2, 4/4, and 9/8 Bar and double bars bars indicate the time signature while double bars indicate the end of composition 8. SoundSound Organization of Music the composition of music. Appreciation of Music the acquired ability to listen to music intelligently, which depends on the familiarity 9. ToneTone sound produced by regular vibrations of air 10. Components of Music Pitch highness or lowness of a sound Duration length of time of vibration Intensity loudness or softness of a sound Timbre quality of music (also called tone color) (eg. different sound of a violin from a flute) 11. Folk MusicFolk Music andand Art SongsArt Songs 12. Folk MusicFolk Music spontaneous and traditional music of a certain race or group, generally passed down orally from one generation to another, expressing the feelings typical of the people from which it originated and reflecting the spirit of the time (eg. work, love, drinking, cradle, patriotic, dance, and narrative songs). 13. Art SongArt Song usually composed with a piano accompaniment and is the work of musically trained composers, making the music of his song fit the words chosen, partly determined by its poetic structure written in stanzas or strophes 14. JazzJazz MusicMusic 15. azz Music exciting form of music where melody and rhythm end harmoniously, the rhythmic background and syncopation (accent, tress) being strong, began in the United States in the year 1900 - played by Negroes who had been brought from Africa to America as slaves, thus has common traits with African music raditional Jazz Band includes trumpet, clarinet, and trombone (for melody) and double bass, drums, and banjo (for rhythm), played from about 1910 Modern Jazz began to develop in 1940s, and a band may use tru saxophone, piano, double bass, and drums 16. a musical drama, combining the resources ofa musical drama, combining the resources of vocal and instrumental music, soloists, ensembles,vocal and instrumental music, soloists, ensembles, chorus, orchestra, and ballet, with poetry and drama,chorus, orchestra, and ballet, with poetry and drama, acting and pantomime, and costumes and sceneryacting and pantomime, and costumes and scenery LibrettoLibretto the text of an opera the text of an opera OvertureOverture introduction music to opera introduction music to opera OperaOpera 17. a dramatic religious work on a non-a dramatic religious work on a non- liturgicalliturgical intent, employing operative formsintent, employing operative forms performedperformed without staging, costuming orwithout staging, costuming or scenery,scenery, the subject usually biblical and storythe subject usually biblical and story told by atold by a narratornarrator in a recitative a recitative style. OratorioOratorio 18. ? M u s ic a l th e ra p y p re s c rib e d u s e o f m u s ic to p ro d u c e p o s itive c h a n g e s in th e p s y c h o lo g ic a l, p h y s ic a l, c o g n itive , o r s o c ia l fu n c tio n in g o f a n in d ivid u a l w ith h e a lth o r e d u c a tio n a l p ro b le m s , c o n s is tin g o f s in g in g , b o d y m o ve m e n t, a n d lis te n in g , a n d d e s ig n e d to in c re a s e c o n c e n tra tio n , m e m o ry re te n tio n , c o n c e p tu a l d e ve lo p m e n t, rh y th m ic b e h a vio r, m o ve m e n t b e h a vio r, ve rb a l o r n o n ve rb a l re te n tio n , a n d a u d ito ry d is c rim in a tio n 19. DanceDance 20. - a successive group of bodily movement rhythmically performed in timing with music - provides fun, relaxation, and companionship (eg. Rigodon de Honor, gave pioneer families welcome chance to socialize) 21. KindsofDancing Ethnologic Dance native to a specific race or ethnic group, which includes folk dances and religious rituals (eg. Tinikling, Alcamfor, Banga, Sayaw sa Bangko, Pandango sa Ilaw, Cariosa, and Sakuting) 22. Folk Dance - characterizes a particular region, typically reflecting the people's lifestyle 23. Social or Ballroom Dance - popular type of dancing performed by pairs such as the waltz, foxtrot, swing, boogie, tango, and the latest rock dances, and performed to the music of live bands in a ballroom or to recorded m in night clubs called discotheques or disco 24. Theatrical or Spectacular Dance performed for the entertainment of spectators, which includes ballet, modern dance, musical comedy dances, and tap dance 25. Modern Dance (also contemporary or interpretative dance) represent rebellion against the classical formation of ballet emphasizing on personal communication of moods and theme