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LITERATURE IS HISTORYLITERATURE IS HISTORY LITERATURE IS HISTORYLITERATURE IS HISTORY IS LITERATURE IS HISTORYIS LITERATURE IS HISTORY IS LITERATURE IS HISTORYIS LITERATURE IS HISTORY I I S S L L I I T T E E R R A A T T U U R R E E I I S S H H I I S S T T O O R R Y Y IS LITERATURE IS HISTORYIS LITERATURE IS HISTORY IS LITERATURE IS HISTORYIS LITERATURE IS HISTORY Slide 2 Everyman Everyman Everyman Slide 3 The play begins with a messenger inviting the audience to here this matter with reverenceLook well, and take good heed to the endingFor ye shall here, how our heavenly king Calleth Everyman Everyman to a general reckoning:. Characters in morality plays are allegorical and must be interpreted as demonstrative of the human condition. Slide 4 God and Death converse. Go thou to Everyman, And show him in my name A pilgrimage he must on him take, Which he in no wise may escape; And that he bring with him a sure reckoning Without delay or any tarrying. God : God : I I hope well that Everyman In my glory should make his mansion, And thereto I had them all elect; But now I see, like traitors deject, They thank me not for the pleasure that I to them meant... Slide 5 Every man will I beset that liveth beastly Out of Gods laws, and dreadeth not folly; He that loveth riches I will strike with my dart, His sight to blind, and from heaven to depart, Lord, I will in the world go run over all, And cruelly outsearch both great and small; Death: Death: Every man will I beset that liveth beastly Out of Gods laws, and dreadeth not folly; He that loveth riches I will strike with my dart, His sight to blind, and from heaven to depart, Lord, I will in the world go run over all, And cruelly outsearch both great and small; Slide 6 Death: Except that alms be his good friend, In hell for to dwell, world without end Everyman, Everyman, stand still; whither art thou going Thus gaily? Hast thou thy Maker forget? A reckoning he will needs have Without any longer respite. Except that alms be his good friend, Death descends to Earth. In hell for to dwell, world without end Death: Death: stand still; whither art thou going Thus gaily? Hast thou thy Maker forget? A reckoning he will needs have Without any longer respite. Slide 7 On thee thou must take a long journey: Therefore thy book of count with thee thou bring Death: Deeds 1.xyz 2.xyz 3.xyz Good 1. xyz On thee thou must take a long journey: Therefore thy book of count with thee thou bring Bad 1.xyz 2.xyz 3.xyz 4.xyz For before God thou shalt answer, and show Thy many bad deeds and good but few; For, wete thou well, thou shalt make none attournay. To give a reckoning longer leisure I crave. Deeds 1.xyz 2.xyz 3.xyz Bad 1.xyz 2.xyz 3.xyz 4.xyz Everyman : For before God thou shalt answer, and show Thy many bad deeds and good but few; For, wete thou well, thou shalt make none attournay. Death:Death: Slide 8 O Death, Death, thou comest when I had thee least in mind; Yea, a thousand pound shalt thou have, And defer this matter till another day. Death: Death: I set not by gold, silver nor, riches Everyman : Everyman : Death, Death, I pray thee, for Gods mercy, Spare me till I provided of remedy. Death : Death : Thee Thee availeth not to cry, weep, and pray Everyman : Death: Death: I set not by gold, silver nor, riches Death : Death : Thee Thee availeth not to cry, weep, and pray Death: Slide 9 Death: Should I not come again shortly? Death: Thou mayst never more come here Everyman: Everyman: Shall I have no company from this vale terrestrial? Death: Yea, if any be so hardy Everyman: Everyman: Now, gentle Death, spare me till tomorrow Death: Death: Nay, thereto I will not consent, And now out of thy sight I will me hie; See thou make thee ready shortly shortly. exunt exunt Death Everyman : Death: Death: Thou mayst never more come here Death: Death: Nay, thereto I will not consent, And now out of thy sight I will me hie; See thou make thee ready shortly shortly. Death Death Death: Death: Yea, if any be so hardy Slide 10 Alas, I may well weep with sighs deep, For though I mourn it availeth nought. Well met, good Fellowship, and good morrow! Next Wagon What, and I to Fellowship thereof spake, For in him is all my affiance. Therefore to him will I speak to ease my sorrow. Everyman : Slide 11 Everyman, good morrow by this this day. Everyman : Everyman : Yea, good Fellowship, Fellowship, yea, I am in great jeopardy. Fellowship: My true friend, show me your mind; I will not forsake thee, unto my lifes end, In the way of good company. Sir, why lookest thou so piteously? If anything be amiss, I pray thee, me say, That I may help to remedy. For, in faith, and thou go to Hell I will not forsake thee by the way! Fellowship: Slide 12 Commanded I am to go on a journey, A long way, hard and dangerous Wherefore I pray you bear me company Everyman : Everyman : Ye promised other wise, pardie. Fellowship: Fellowship: In faith, then will not I come there! Fellowship: I wot well I say so truly; And yet if thou wilt eat, and drink, and make good cheer, Or haunt to women, the lusty companion, I would not forsake you, while the day is clear, Everyman: Slide 13 Whether ye have loved me or no, By Saint John, I will not with thee go. Nay, and thou would give me a new gown, I will not a foot with thee go. But and thou wilt murder, or any man kill, In that I will help thee with a good will! Fellowship: Slide 14 Everyman : Everyman : Whither away, Fellowship? Will you forsake me? Fellowship: Yea, by my fay, to God I betake thee. And as now, God speed thee in thy journey, For from thee I will depart as fast as I may. Fellowship: Slide 15 Farewell, good Fellowship; Fellowship; for this my heart is sore; Adieu for ever, I shall see thee no more. It is said, in prosperity men friends may find, Which in adversity be fully unkind. exunt exunt Fellowship Now whither for succor shall I flee, Sith that Fellowship Fellowship hath forsaken me? To my kinsmen I will truly Where be ye now, my friends and kinsmen? Everyman : Slide 16 Here be we now at your commandment. Cousin, Cousin, I pray you show us your intent Cousin: If ye be disposed to go any whither, For wete you well we will live and die together. Next Wagon Kindred : Kindred : In wealth and woe we will with you hold, For over his kin a man may be bold. Kindred : Slide 17 I was commanded by a messenger, That is a high kings chief officer; Therefore I pray you thither with me Gramercy, my friends and kinsmen kind. Now shall I show you the grief of my mind Everyman : He bade me go on a pilgrimage to my pain, Of all my works I must show How I have lived and my days spent; Also of ill deeds, that I have used In my time, sith life was me lent; And of all virtues that I have refused. Slide 18 Kindred : Kindred : Ah, sir; what, ye be a merry man! Take good heart to you, and make no moan. But as one thing I warn you, by Saint Anne, As for me, ye shall go alone. Cousin: No by our Lady; I have a cramp in my toe. Everyman : Everyman : My My Cousin, will you not with me go. Nay, Everyman, I had liefer fast bread and water All this five year and more.Cousin: Slide 19 exunt exunt Kindred and and Cousin Lo, fair words maketh fools feign; They promise and nothing will do certain. My kinsmen promised me faithfully For to abide with me steadfastly, And now fast away do they flee: Ye shall have my maid with all my heart; Everyman : Everyman : How should I be mary or glad? For fair promises to me make, But when I have most need, they me forsake. I am deceived; that maketh me sad. Kindred : I will give her leave to help you in that journey. Everyman : Everyman : How should I be mary or glad? For fair promises to me make, But when I have most need, they me forsake. I am deceived; that maketh me sad. Slide 20 Next Wagon I lose my time here longer to abide. What friend were best me of to provide? Even so Fellowship Fellowship promised me. Everyman : All my life I have loved riches; If that my goods now help me might, He would make my heart full light. I will speak to him in this distress.- Where art thou, my Goods Goods and riches? Slide 21 Who calleth me? Goods : Everyman? What hast thou! I lie here in corners, trussed and piled so high, What would ye have, lightly me say. And all my life I have had joy and pleasure in thee. Everyman : Everyman : I am sent for another way to go, To give a straight account general Before the highest Jupiter of all; Therefore I pray thee go with me, For it is said ever among, That money maketh all right that is wrong. Slide 22 Goods : For and I went with thee Thou shouldst fare much the worse for me; For because on me thou did set thy hand, Thy reckoning I have made blotted and blind, That thine account thou cannot make truly; Nay, Everyman, I sing another song, I follow no man in such voyages; Everyman : Everyman : Alas, I have thee loved, and had great pleasure All my life-days on goods and treasure. And that hast thou for the love of me. Slide 23 My condition is mans soul to kill; For when thou art dead, this is my guise Another to deceive in the same wise As I have done thee, and all to his souls reprief. That is to thy damnation without lesing, For my love is contrary to the love everlasting. But if thou had loved moderately during, As, to the poor give part of me, Then shouldst thou not in this dolour be, Goods : Slide 24 O false Good, cursed thou be! Goods : Goods : Marry, thou brought thyself in care, Whereof I am glad, I must needs laugh, I cannot be sad. Thou traitor to God, that hast deceived me, And caught me in thy snare. Everyman : Slide 25 O, to whom shall I make my moan For to go with me in that heavy journey? First Fellowship said he would go with me gone; His words were very pleasant and gay, But afterward he left me alone. But all forsake me in the ending. Everyman : And also they gave me words fair, They lacked no fair speaking, Then spake I to my kinsmen all in despair, Slide 26 Then went I to my