Literature and arts

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<ul><li> 1. Literature and Arts </li> <li> 2. Each dynastic period is known for some type of artistic achievement Distinctive Features of Each Period </li> <li> 3. Bronze vessels Shang and Zhou Periods </li> <li> 4. Ritual bronze . </li> <li> 5. Inscriptions were cast to record events and report them to ancestral spirits. </li> <li> 6. Wine Vessel in the Shape of a Bull </li> <li> 7. The Orchestral Set of the Marquis Yi of Zeng </li> <li> 8. Fu (descriptive prose) - forceful and -expressive Parallel prose "Pian" is "in pairs" Wei-Jin and Han Period </li> <li> 9. Poetry Landscaping painting Tang and Song </li> <li> 10. -the finest of Chinese classic poetry -a must-do for every well-educated person -written by emperors, monks, scholars, and even by prostitutes - The most famous writers are Li Bai (Li Taibai ), Du Fu , Du Mu , Meng Haoran , Wang Wei , Bai Juyi (Bo Juyi), Tang Poetry </li> <li> 11. Household name in China 10 October 2012 BBC news Li Bai and Du Fu: China's drunken superstar poets The language has changed so little that they remain easy for modern Chinese people to read, and their themes are still relevant today - from friendship, love and landscape to the stench of political corruption. Li Bai </li> <li> 12. He was quite a drunkard... and writing some of his best poetry apparently, while completely inebriated. If you were to grab any kid off the street and ask him, 'What was the greatest dynasty in China's history?' nine out of 10 of them would answer the Tang. </li> <li> 13. Moonlight in front of my bed I took it for frost on the ground I lift my head, gaze at the mountain moon Lower it, and think of home. </li> <li> 14. The moon in China has a special meaning. And when it's full, that represents the fullness and reunification of the family The poem struck the deep core of my heart whenever people miss my family. </li> <li> 15. Landscaping painting </li> <li> 16. Ranked the 2nd among the most artistic achievements in Chinese history Its technique differs greatly from painting in the West Lack of a fixed vanishing point One-point perspective Features of landscape painting </li> <li> 17. One-pint perspective </li> <li> 18. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e9 /QingMingShangHeTu_Big.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_painting Multiple-point perspective </li> <li> 19. Presents the unlimited space of nature Constant shift of perspectives are expressions of the mind and heart of the individual artists To grasp an emotion or atmosphere so as to catch the "rhythm" of nature </li> <li> 20. Tang Dynasty art and literature Combination of poem, landscaping painting, and Chinese calligraphy </li> <li> 21. This is thought to be the only surviving calligraphy of Li Bai </li> <li> 22. Practice Chinese Calligraphy </li> <li> 23. Four treasures of study </li> <li> 24. Pocerlain </li> <li> 25. Drama political corruption social turbulences sharp class and national contradictions Yuan Dynasty </li> <li> 26. Love story Romance of the Western Chamber </li> <li> 27. the tragic death of a girl named Dou E. loses her mother at the age of 7 separated from her father at 10 sold as a child bride to offset the debt after she grows up and gets married, her husband dies. subjected to the bullying and humiliation of hooligans and gangsters. wrongly accused of involvement in a murder case. Under the torture of the corrupt interrogating officials, sentenced to death. Injustice to Dou E </li> <li> 28. The Romance of the Three Kingdoms The Water Margin Journey to the West Story of the Stone Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature. Golden Lotus Ming and Qing Novel </li> <li> 29. Conflict in the 3rd Century Popular in both China and Japan Sources for Chinese performing arts such as Beijing Opera The Romance of the Three Kingdom </li> <li> 30. North Song time 108 bandit heroes Fought against the suppress Corruption Social class struggles surrendered to the Song government in 1121 The Water Margin </li> <li> 31. Wu Song Fights the Tiger </li> <li> 32. Author: Wu Chenen Ming Dynasty Journey to the West </li> <li> 33. Xuanzang left Chang'an in 629, crossed what are today Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Afghanistan, into Gandhara, reaching India in 630 Visited and studied for 13 years Xuanzang left India in 643 arrived back in Chang'an in 646 Tang Xuan Zang </li> <li> 34. a fictionalized account of the legendary pilgrimage to India of the Buddhist monk Xuanzang, He travelled to the "Western Regions" during the Tang Dynasty, to obtain sacred texts (stras). The Buddha gave this task to the monk and his three protectors in the form of disciples They encountered various evils along the way (81 tribulations) </li> <li> 35. written in the middle of the 18th century during the Qing Dynasty. Also named: The story of the stone Dream of the red masion Hong Lou Meng () Dream of the Red Chamber </li> <li> 36. a masterpiece of Chinese literature Can be compared with War and Peace Redology is the field of the study of this novel ? </li> <li> 37. is believed to be semi-autobiographical mirroring the rise and decay of author Cao Xueqin's own family and, by extension, of the Qing Dynasty. </li> <li> 38. Cao Xue Qin (Tsao Hseh-chin) </li> <li> 39. is considered to be China's greatest novelist, Hong Lou Meng as the greatest novel in the Chinese language His grandfather was Cao Yin, a childhood playmate of the Emperor Kang xi His father was Cao Zhan (Tsao Chan), Commissioner of Imperial Textiles Cao Xue Qin (Tsao Hseh-chin) </li> <li> 40. Cao clan was rich and influential was a host four times to the Kangxi Emperor in his six separate itinerant trips south to the Nanjing region </li> <li> 41. The emperor Kang Xi of Qing Dynasty </li> <li> 42. the clan held the office of Imperial Textile Commissioner at Jiangning for three generations (mismanagement, careless, fiscal deficit, Kang xi ignored) This situation changed when Kang xi died and his son Yong zheng ascended the throne </li> <li> 43. Yongzheng severely attacked the family and later confiscated their properties The family was completely impoverished and forced to relocate to Beijing At that time Cao xueqin was a young child </li> <li> 44. Records of his life was not much an intelligent, highly talented man He lived in poverty throughout his life He was an inveterate drinker Made a living by selling his paintings </li> <li> 45. spent a decade working diligently on writing the novel Only had a son who was very young when died from infection Cao was so sad that he died not very long after his sons death </li> <li> 46. His novel was written in "blood and tears is a vivid recreation of an illustrious family at its height and its subsequent downfall Controversial issue: the first 80 chapters and 40 chapters Redology scholars are still debating whether the last 40 chapters is his original work </li> <li> 47. In 1791, Cheng Weiyuan () and Gao E () Published the completed 120-chapter novel Gao E is suspected to be the author of the last 40 chapters, but no one can prove it up to date. </li> <li> 48. Main characters Chia Pau yu Lin Dai yu (Black Jade) (cousin) Storyline of the novel </li> <li> 49. Chia Baoyus grandmother daugther son daughter </li> <li> 50. The story of the stone Stone nu wa bu tian Celestial plant (repay the debt of tears) A buddhist and a daoist </li> <li> 51. The stone and the celestial plant want to experience the worldly life They incarnated as a boy (Chia Pauyu, born with a jade in his mouth), and a girl (Lin Daiyu without a jade) Jia was treasured and loved by his family and his maiden servants </li> <li> 52. His father was a Confucianist and wanted him to sit exam and to serve the society ( Confucianism) Chia did not pay much attention to it, and despises men around him, but regards women as pure as water Bao yu and daiyu love each other but Baoyu is predestined to his another cousion Xue Baochai (Precious Clasp) Lin Daiyu (black jade) is obsessed with her orphaned state, very stubborn, wants to marry Chia, but fears of doing anything to bring about the result. </li> <li>...</li></ul>