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Literary Criticism Theory
Introduction to Literary Theory
What is Literary Theory?
Philosophies that formulate the general principles of
how to interpret, analyze, and critique literature
What is Literary Criticism?
The application of literary theory for the purpose of
analyzing, interpreting, and evaluating a literary text
Types of Literary Theory
Gender and Queer Theory
Stucturalism and Semiotics
Before We Continue
Anekantavada Principle (Jainism)
Truth and reality are perceived differently from different
points of view
No single point of view is the complete truth
How does this apply?
No one theory is better than the other
Art is only valuable if it teaches morality and ethics
Art that does not teach morality and ethics is harmful to
Injury to the audience damages society as a whole
Art is imitation, and that is bad
Problems with imitation
Imitation is removed from reality and truth
Artists portray the gods in inappropriate ways
Moral and Psychological
Art has an emotional impact on the viewer
Undermines the stability of humankind
Holden and Moralism
What moral lessons can be learned from The Catcher in
How does the novel help the reader? Harm the reader?
How does the novel help or hurt society?
Art is imitation, and thats good
Imitation is natural to humans from childhood
Imitation is how children learn and we all learn
Art can provide educational and moral insight; therefore,
art fosters growth
Art imitates people and human actions
Good art produces katharsis
Purification of the soul through emotional reactions
Poetry/literature/drama are productive sciences
Necessary for the success of society
Six Elements of Drama
Impacts readers katharsis or satisfaction with the work
Holden and Dramatic
How did The Catcher and the Rye move you or elicit some
How did the Six Elements of Drama impact your
appreciation for The Catcher in the Rye?
How does this novel contribute to the overall success of