Linking Words and Expressions - Easy Access ?· Linking Words and Expressions Using transitional words…

Download Linking Words and Expressions - Easy Access ?· Linking Words and Expressions Using transitional words…

Post on 02-Sep-2018

216 views

Category:

Documents

2 download

TRANSCRIPT

  • Linking Words and ExpressionsUsing transitional words and phrases or linking words helps you to make yourself understood more easily, make shorter sentences and improve the connections and transitions between thoughts. It also helps if you can structure your ideas into a clear beginning, middle and end.

    1. Positions in the text

    Some linking words should only be used within a sentence.

    and but so because then until such as

    Other linking words should only be used between sentences.

    Furthermore, Moreover, However, Nevertheless, Therefore,

    Some linking words can be used to conclude your point.In conclusion In that case providing that unless as long as

    Let me sum up That covers what I wanted to say Feel free to ask any questions

    Id be glad to answer any questions Thanks for listening As I said earlier

    2. Grammar of linking words

    Linking devices are neither nouns, nor verbs.

    Some linking words must be followed by a clause(Subject + Verb + Object)

    For example:

    while why because although so whereas when

    Other linking words should be followed by a noun phrase(Linking word + (the) + Noun/Pronoun or gerund)

    For example:

    because of despite during in spite of

    By Viv Quarry

  • 3. Uses of linking words & expressions

    also again as well as besides

    furthermore

    in addition

    likewise

    moreoversimilarly

    Addition Restatement

    extremely

    terribly

    completely

    utterly

    in essencein other words thatis to sayin shortin briefto put it differently

    Consequence

    subsequentlyAccordingly

    As a result

    therefore

    For this reason

    consequently

    hence

    otherwise so then

    Generalizing

    as a rule as usual

    for the most part

    generally

    generally speaking

    ordinarilyusually

  • Exception

    extremely

    terribly

    completely

    utterly

    side frombesidesexceptexceptingexcluding, otherthan, outside of,save

    Exemplifying

    chieflyespeciallyfor instance

    in particular

    namely

    including

    specifically such as

    Contrast

    extremely

    terribly

    completely

    utterly

    by the sametoken, conversely,instead, likewise,on one hand, onthe other hand,on the contrary,rather, similarly,yet, but, however,still, nevertheless,in contrast

    Illustration

    for example for instancefor one thing

    as an illustration

    illustrated with

    as an example

    in the case

    Similarity

    extremely

    terribly

    completely

    utterly

    ComparativelyCorrespondinglyIdenticallyLikewiseSimilarTogether with

    Emphasis

    above allchiefly

    with attention to

    especially

    particularly

    singularly

  • Sequence

    At first to begin at the same time/ simultaneously

    For now

    The next step

    in conclusionIn turn

    next/then/after

    With this in mind

    In the meantime

    MeanwhileSummarising

    extremely

    terribly

    completely

    utterly

    after all, all in all,all thingsconsidered,briefly, by andlarge, in any case,in any event, inbrief, inconclusion, on thewhole, in short, insummary, in thefinal analysis, inthe long run, onbalance, to sumup, to summarize,finally

    Diversionincidently

    by the way

    Direction

    extremely

    terribly

    completely

    utterly

    here, there, overthere, beyond,nearly, opposite,under, above, tothe left, to theright, in thedistance