Lights, camera, capture creative lighting techniques for digital photographers

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  • DAVIS

    BECOME A SEEKER OF LIGHTPhotography is all about light: fi nding it, creating it, combining different

    types of light, working with its various colors. Bob Davis has achieved a unique

    relationship with light. In this beautifully illustrated volume and DVD,

    he shares secrets and techniques that will advance your

    photographic skills. Master the basics, then step outside

    your comfort zone and harness the full creative power of light.

    Understand the relationship between aperture, shutter speed, ISO, and the effects of different lenses

    Learn how to deal with direct sunlight and how to take advantage of the golden hour

    Combine various types of light for different effects

    Know what external lighting equipment you need and how to use it

    Explore various fl ash modifi ers and the effects you can create with them

    Achieve studio-quality lighting outside the studio

    Discover what to take when you travel and how to take full advantage of available light sources

    Bonus DVD includes 60 minutes of video from Bob Daviss exclusive three-day lighting and photography workshop

    PHOTOGRAPHY/Techniques/Lighting$44.99 US/$53.99 CAN Includes Workshop DVD

    BOB DAVISVisual Storyteller

    LIGHTS, CAMERA,

    CAPTURECreative Lighting Techniques for Digital Photographers

    Visual storyteller and celebrity photojournalist, Bob Davis has over 25 years of experience as a professional photographer. As a Canon Explorer of Light, Bob has been chosen as one of an elite group of 60 photographers representing Canon and united by a passion for photographic excellence. Bobs work has been featured in publications such as O Magazine, Time, People, OK, Rangefi nder, and a variety of other digital photography resources. His clients include Oprah Winfrey, Selma Hayek, and Eva Longoria Parker. More information on Bobs distinguished career as well as extensive examples of Bobs photography can be found at www.bobanddawndavis.com.

    LIGH

    TS, CAM

    ERA

    , CA

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  • LIGHTS, CAMERA,

    CAPTURE

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  • LIGHTS, CAMERA,

    CAPTURECreative Lighting Techniques for Digital Photographers

    BOB DAVIS

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  • Lights, Camera, Capture: Creative Lighting Techniques for Digital Photographers

    Published by

    Wiley Publishing, Inc.

    10475 Crosspoint Boulevard

    Indianapolis, IN 46256

    www.wiley.com

    Copyright 2010 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana

    Published simultaneously in Canada

    ISBN: 978-0-470 54953 7

    Manufactured in the United States of America

    10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

    No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) 646-8600. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030, 201-748-6011, fax 201-748-6008, or online at http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions.

    Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: The publisher and the author make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this work and specifi cally disclaim all warranties, including without limitation warranties of fi tness for a particular purpose. No warranty may be created or extended by sales or promotional materials. The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for every situation. This work is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting, or other professional services. If professional assistance is required, the services of a competent professional person should be sought. Neither the publisher nor the author shall be liable for damages arising herefrom. The fact that an organization or Web site is referred to in this work as a citation and/or a potential source of further information does not mean that the author or the publisher endorses the information the organization or Web site may provide or recommendations it may make. Further, readers should be aware that Internet Web sites listed in this work may have changed or disappeared between when this work was written and when it is read.

    For general information on our other products and services or to obtain technical support, please contact our Customer Care Department within the U.S. at (877) 762-2974, outside the U.S. at (317) 572-3993 or fax (317) 572-4002.

    Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books.

    Library of Congress Control Number: 2009940876

    Trademarks: Wiley and the Wiley Publishing logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of John Wiley and Sons, Inc. and/or its affi liates. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc. is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book.

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  • About the Author

    Bob Davis isnt a newcomer to the photography industry. In fact,

    hes been a professional photographer for over 25 years. Bob has

    always been intrigued by photography and felt from an early age

    that being a photographer was what he wanted to do with his life.

    Bobs passion for photography began back in high school when

    he became the editor of the school newspaper. As he proceeded

    on to Columbia College, he was honored with the title of College

    Photographer of the Year. With this honor came a full time job at a

    daily newspaper in Chicago. This experience launched Bob on to

    a career at the Chicago Sun-Times newspaper for 14 years.

    Bob states, My cameras have always been like a passport allowing

    me a front seat to history. He feels continually honored when doors

    open and people invite him in to document their life. While at the

    paper, he covered countless amazing events, such as presidential

    elections, Michael Jordans entire career with the Chicago Bulls,

    many faiths celebrations and rituals. Hes traveled around the

    world to places such as El Salvador, Taiwan, Lithuania, Romania,

    Moldova, Kenya, Italy, Tanzania for human interest stories.

    Bob has since moved on from the newspaper industry. Today, he has the privilege of

    photographing the most important events in his clients lives and he couldnt be happier

    to have this honor. Additionally, he has the pleasure of traveling the world photographing

    weddings. Bob feels fortunate to have photographed the weddings of Eva Longoria and

    Tony Parker, Eddie Murphy and Tracey Edmonds, and many others. He also photographs

    events for Oprah Winfrey.

    Bob is a member of Canons Explorers of Light, a recognized Pro by Westcott and a part of

    Apples Aperture Advisory Board.

    Photography... Its what hes passionate about.

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  • Credits

    Acquisitions EditorCourtney Allen

    Project EditorHeather Harris

    Technical EditorBrian McLernon

    Copy EditorHeather Harris

    Editorial DirectorRobyn Siesky

    Business ManagerAmy Knies

    Senior Marketing ManagerSandy Smith

    Vice President and Executive Group PublisherRichard Swadley

    Vice President and Executive PublisherBarry Pruett

    Media Development Project ManagerLaura Moss

    Media Development Assistant Project ManagerJenny Swisher

    Media Development Associate ProducerShawn Patrick

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  • Acknowledgments

    First, I want to thank my wife Dawn Davis for supporting me and encouraging me to follow

    my dreams and to share in my passion for life. She has blessed my life with 18 wonderful

    years of marriage and now I have the good fortune to be able to sleep with my business

    partner. We now share a passion for wedding photography, design, teaching and sharing.

    Dawn says, We are all blessed with certain gifts and once we know what those gifts are;

    they are no longer ours to keep, but pay it forward and share those gifts others. Thank you

    to our two beautiful children Bobby and Alli, you are the light in my heart. I love my family

    always and forever, Amen.

    I would like to dedicate this book to my father, Robert C. Davis, for fostering my love of

    photography at an early age. He always had some type of camera, movie 8mm or Super8,

    still cameras such as, Polaroids, Kodak Instamatics, Pocket 110 and Disc cameras. It

    wasnt until later, in my sophomore year of high school when I got my rst 35mm SLR

    lm camera and took my rst photography darkroom class, that I realized the love affair

    I would have with photography. I quickly became hooked on the magic of watching an

    image appear in the developer. Once I learned I could make a living in photography, I knew

    photography would be my lifes work. I want to thank John H. White, Pulitzer Prize winning

    photojournalist of the Chicago Sun-Times who I had the great pleasure to learn from at

    Columbia College Chicago and later work alongside covering the daily news together as

    colleagues at the Chicago Sun-Times. John H. White always encouraged me to soar on the

    wings of eagles.

    Thank you to all of my friends, family and photo heroes who have helped my reach my

    goals and ful lling my dreams of becoming a professional photographer. Thank you to

    God for blessing me indeed!

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  • To my father, Robert C. Davis, for fostering my love

    of photography at an early age.

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    Contents

    Chapter 1: Introduction .......................................................................................3

    Become a seeker of light .........................................................................................................6

    Reading lighting diagrams .....................................................................................................8

    Quality over Quantity ............................................................................................................ 10

    Chapter 2: Understanding Light ...................................................................... 15

    Seeing and Knowing Light .................................................................................................... 16

    Quality over Quantity ............................................................................................................ 19

    Color temperature ..................................................................................................................22

    White balance .........................................................................................................................24

    Mixed light sources ...............................................................................................................28

    Working with natural light ..................................................................................................29

    Manipulating natural light ....................................................................................................29

    The golden hour ......................................................................................................................34

    Chapter 3: Getting the basics right ................................................................39

    Exposure and how it works ..................................................................................................40

    Shutter speed ...................................................................................................................42

    Aperture ...........................................................................................................................43

    ISO .....................................................................................................................................45

    How to measure light ............................................................................................................ 47

    Using histograms to perfect your white balance .............................................................50

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    Aperture and depth of eld ................................................................................................... 51

    Shutter Speed and motion capture ...................................................................................... 51

    ISO and digital noise .............................................................................................................55

    File formats ............................................................................................................................56

    Chapter 4: Lighting Equipment ....................................................................... 61

    On-camera ashes .................................................................................................................63

    Controlling on-camera ashes off the camera ..................................................................63

    Wireless radio ash triggers .................................................................................................66

    RadioPopper ....................................................................................................................66

    Quantum Free X-Wire .................................................................................................... 67

    Pocket Wizards Mini & Flex .......................................................................................... 67

    Batteries, batteries, batt...