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  • FAA-STD-019e December 22, 2005

    DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION STANDARD

    LIGHTNING AND SURGE PROTECTION, GROUNDING, BONDING AND SHIELDING REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES AND

    ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT

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    FOREWORD All construction of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) operational facilities and the electronic equipment installed therein shall conform to this standard. This document defines minimum requirements for all FAA facilities. When the specific needs of a facility exceed these minimum requirements, the facility shall be designed and installed to meet these specific needs. These needs are influenced by the equipment to be installed at the site, the configuration of the structures and location of the equipment, and by the physical environment present at the location. The requirements contained in this document reflect investigation and resolution of malfunctions and failures experienced at field locations. The requirements thus are considered the minimum necessary to harden sites sufficiently for the FAA missions to prevent delay or loss of service, to minimize or preclude outages, and to enhance personnel safety. Further, the requirements in the document have been coordinated with industry standards, and in some cases exceed industry standards where necessary to meet the FAA missions. In this document the use of shall or verbs such as construct, weld, connect, etc indicates a requirement necessitating mandatory compliance. In cases when implementation of certain requirements is not technically feasible, a National Airspace System (NAS) Change Proposal (NCP) must be submitted with adequate justification and technical documentation and approved by the NAS Configuration Control Board (CCB) before a deviation is permitted. This document is organized in accordance with MIL-STD-962D.

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 SCOPE..................................................................................................... 1 1.1 Scope ........................................................................................................................1 1.2 Purpose .....................................................................................................................1

    2 APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS....................................................................... 3 2.1 Government Documents ................................................................................................3 2.2 Non-Government Documents..........................................................................................4

    3 DEFINITIONS........................................................................................... 7 3.1 Access Well ................................................................................................................7 3.2 Air Terminal ..............................................................................................................7 3.3 Armored Cable ...........................................................................................................7 3.4 Arrester.....................................................................................................................7 3.5 Bond.........................................................................................................................7 3.6 Bond, Direct ...............................................................................................................7 3.7 Bond, Indirect.............................................................................................................7 3.8 Bonding.....................................................................................................................7 3.9 Bonding Jumper ..........................................................................................................7 3.10 Branch Circuit ............................................................................................................7 3.11 Building.....................................................................................................................7 3.12 Bulkhead Plate ............................................................................................................8 3.13 Cabinet .....................................................................................................................8 3.14 Cable ........................................................................................................................8

    3.14.1 Cable, AC (not the same as armored (DEB) cable)................................................................................8 3.14.2 Cable, Armored Direct Earth Burial (DEB)...........................................................................................8 3.14.3 Cable, Axial ...............................................................................................................................................8 3.14.4 Cable, Shielded..........................................................................................................................................8

    3.15 Case .........................................................................................................................8 3.16 Catenary Wire ............................................................................................................8 3.17 Chassis ......................................................................................................................8 3.18 Clamp Voltage ............................................................................................................8 3.19 Conductor, Bare..........................................................................................................8 3.20 Conductor, Insulated....................................................................................................9 3.21 Conductor, Lightning Bonding (Secondary) .......................................................................9 3.22 Conductor, Lightning Down...........................................................................................9 3.23 Conductor, Lightning Main ...........................................................................................9 3.24 Conductor, Lightning Roof ............................................................................................9 3.25 Crowbar ....................................................................................................................9 3.26 Earth Electrode System (EES) ........................................................................................9 3.27 Electromagnetic Interference (EMI).................................................................................9

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    3.28 Electronic Multipoint Ground System ..............................................................................9 3.29 Electronic Single Point Ground (SPG) System....................................................................9 3.30 Enclosed Ferrous Cable Tray ....................................................................................... 10 3.31 Equipment Areas....................................................................................................... 10 3.32 Equipment Grounding Conductor ................................................................................. 10 3.33 Equipment ............................................................................................................... 10 3.34 Facility Ground System............................................................................................... 10 3.35 Faraday Cage ........................................................................................................... 10 3.36 Feeder..................................................................................................................... 10 3.37 Ferrous Conduit ........................................................................................................ 10 3.38 Fitting, High Compression........................................................................................... 10 3.39 Ground ................................................................................................................... 10 3.40 Grounded Conductor.................................................................................................. 10 3.41 Grounded ................................................................................................................ 11 3.42 Grounding Conductor................................................................................................. 11 3.43 Grounding Electrode .................................................................................................. 11 3.44 Grounding Electrode Conductor ................................................................................... 11 3.45 High frequency ......................................................................................................... 11 3.46 Horizontal Transitions ................................................................................................ 11 3.47 Landline .................................................................................................................. 11 3.48 Line Replaceable Unit................................................................................................. 11 3.49 Low Frequency ......................................................................................................... 11 3.50 Main Service Disconnect.............................................................................................. 11 3.51 National Electrical Code.....................................

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