Leveraging Communities to Collaboratively Develop & Operationalize Semantic Technologies

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Leveraging Communities to Collaboratively Develop & Operationalize Semantic Technologies. by Peter P. Yim < peter.yim@cim3.com > September 9, 2004 at the. Federal CIO Council Best Practices Committee - SICoP 2 nd Semantic Technologies for eGov Conference at MITRE (McLean, VA). - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>Leveraging Communities to Collaboratively Develop &amp; Operationalize Semantic TechnologiesFederal CIO Council Best Practices Committee - SICoP2nd Semantic Technologies for eGov Conference at MITRE (McLean, VA)byPeter P. Yim September 9, 2004 at the( v 1.23 )</p></li><li><p>AbstractSemantic Technologies, applied in the presence of the ever increasing computing power and connectivity, could well bode the advent of a paradigm shift (in the sense of Thomas Kuhn's "Scientific Revolution") and usher the real "knowledge economy". What is going to be different this time, the author purports, is that it is more complex than anything else we had experience on, and is going to happen much faster than people may think. As Ray Kurzweil's research keeps showing us, in what he calls the "Law of Time and Chaos," these changes are all moving at an an exponential pace. We will, similarly, need the ways and means to improve our capabilities at an exponential rate, before we would be able to cope with what is coming. Doug Engelbart's "Bootstrap" approach towards developing a collective intelligence through Networked Improvement Communities spells out one strategy whereby we can tackle this imminent challenge. In this paper, the author will share his insight on how we can collaboratively develop &amp; operationalize semantic technologies, through developing and engaging virtual open communities. The author will explore the kind of "shared understanding" that needs to be developed; and the stakeholders, expertise and resources that have to be engaged, before we stand a chance to tackle the type of problem (which Horst Rittle calls a "wicked problem") at hand. The author will proceed to describe the CIM3 methodology, which involves the holistic application of collaboration in tools, process and people, and an organizational form -- the Fishnet Organization (Johansen &amp; Swigart, 1994) -- that is, in his opinion, ideally suited for the purpose. To demonstrate his point, the author will be citing examples from projects and communities of practice that he has been involved in, including those from the Bootstrap community, Ontolog-Forum, the OASIS-UBL standards effort, the ebXML Core Component Type Ontology project, as well as some of the e-Government initiatives like SINE, COLAB and SICoP. The author concludes that open virtual enterprising over such Fishnet organizational form will afford us the agility we need to be competitive and innovative in tomorrow's knowledge economy. However, he also warns that the key to true "open" collaboration will lie in our own "attitude towards sharing." </p></li><li><p>Semantic Technologies, applied in the presence of the ever increasing computing power and connectivity, could well bode the advent of a paradigm shift (in the sense of Thomas Kuhn's "Scientific Revolution") and usher the real "knowledge economy"</p></li><li><p>Understand Your Needs?- What is your semantic application for?Reference standardsTransaction processInformation Mapping learning &amp; knowledge discoveryDifferent applications calls for different approaches, technologies and skillset</p></li><li><p>What Resources do you need for your project?Systems expertiseDomain expertiseKnowledge Engineering / Knowledge Representation expertiseSoftware Engineering expertiseProgram/Project managementFunding</p></li><li><p>Why we need to Collaborate in Communities of Practice?No one knows all the answers (dont believe me? try addressing the triple bottom line )A lot of times, we are dealing with problems which we cant even properly articulateIts urgent! We need our solution quick!Things around us are changing too fast, and unpredictablyBottom line: we need a collective intelligence to cope </p></li><li><p>Why Distributed Collaboration?Face-to-face interaction, while good and sometimes even necessary, is something we cant afford The expertise needed is too rare, or just isnt available locallyMultiple perspectives improves qualityWe need to involve all stakeholders, and they arent all localIts more efficient, and its finally feasible</p></li><li><p>Introducing CIM3CIM Engineering, Inc. - San Mateo, CA (since Jan 1989)CIM3: Collaboration In huMan-Machine-MethodologyEffectively, we are about optimizing systems of: People, Tools and ProcessMission: to enable more effective distributed collaboration and virtual enterprise through bootstrapping collective intelligence over the InternetDoing business as:cim3.com, cim3.net and cim3.orgcim3.com the business arm of the companycim3.net the collaborative work environments where client Communities of Practice and distributed team workspaces are hosted cim3.org the research arm, and holder of the companys open technology, content and other intellectual propertiesProducts/Services: providing an ISP/ASP based Collaborative Work Environment (CWE) infrastructure that enables distributed project teams, virtual enterprise partners and communities of practice to work effectively over the Internet.</p></li><li><p>Our Focus:Communities &amp; Distributed TeamsPeople as an integral part of the systemThe Community Spectrum [Kaplan/iCohere]Affinity NetworksLearning CommunitiesCommunities of Practice (CoPs)Project TeamsWe optimize our infrastructure, tools and process for CoPs and Distributed Project Teams</p></li><li><p>CIM3's ApproachAugmentation - human-machine interaction - collaboration - communitiesOpenness - we use open-source software &amp; comply with open standards as much as we can; we open-source our technology and content, and participate in open standards developmentCapitalizing on the Internet technology: taking it from the research and academic networkto the current form as publishing mediato Transactions and Web Services onto being its future as knowledge media in the Semantic WebProviding Enterprise performance, quality, robustness, security &amp; fault toleranceProviding platform neutrality: supporting machines on PCs, Macs, Linux, Unix, System built upon a knowledge architecture optimized for distributed teamworkEmphasis on effectiveness and strategic value - not technologySupporting entire user spectrum: from the everyday users to the power usersWhile we do open-source work, we believe in properly remunerating our contributors, and in helping create a viable economic model for open work, possibly in the form of Open Virtual Enterprises (OVEs)</p></li><li><p>Case Examples of Communities on the CIM3 CWEOntolog-ForumeGov: COLABeGov: SINEGOV-CWENIST-interopMillennium Project (AC/UNU)ProtgDigital Art Ontology (more)</p></li><li><p>[ontolog-forum]Ontolog is an open forum to:Discuss practical issues and strategies associated with the development of both formal and informal ontologies used in businessIdentify ontological engineering approaches that might be applied to the UBL effort (and by extension, to the broader domain of eBusiness standardization efforts) What holds us together: our Core ValueDeveloping Shared UnderstandingOpenness Advancing the practice of semantic engineeringDoing meaningful work and making a difference with ithttp://ontolog.cim3.net </p></li><li><p>An Organizational Form that the CWE aims at supporting bringing us from collaboration to innovation by forging the Open Virtual EnterprisesSource: Institute for the Future: Johansen, R., Swigart, R. Upsizing the Individual in the Downsized Organization </p><p>The Fishnet Organizationthese are temporary (or semi-permanent) hierarchies, that emerge out of the CoP's, which capitalize on distributed capabilities to achieve specific purposes; when those purposes are achieved (or when the opportunities no longer exist), they disband, and the resources (people, knowledge, skillsets) are returned to the CoP's where they come from. </p></li><li><p>The ChallengesWe need to be improving at an exponential rate, just to cope with the exponential rate of change happening around usWe need the tools, the process, and most importantly the people to all work together Team building, with distributed individuals who might not even have met one another, is a challengeTrusted communities cannot be developed overnightThe current economic and legal infrastructure arent meant for these types of organizations The individual participants hold the key to the communities success its in their attitude towards sharing</p></li><li><p>For more information, visit:eGov COLAB community work environment http://colab.cim3.net [Ontolog-Forum] our Open International Community of Practice on Business Ontology http://ontolog.cim3.net/wiki/CIM Engineering, Inc. Collaborative Work Environment infrastructure hosting http://www.cim3.com</p></li><li><p>About the AuthorPeter P. Yim is the CEO of CIM Engineering, Inc. (incorporated in California 1989; dba CIM3.com; CIM3.net &amp; CIM3.org). He is also the Co-convener of [Ontolog-Forum], an open international community of practice on business ontologies, and a contributing member of the OASIS Universal Business Language (UBL) Technical Committee. His company has been developing and providing hosted infrastructure that enables highly effective distributed project teams, communities of practice and open virtual enterprising. CIM3 is involved in projects ranging from the development of the ebXML Core Component Type Ontology ([cctont]), to the eGov - COLAB and SINE (Sustainable Intergovernmental Network Exchange) collaborative work environments. </p><p>Peter works out of Northern California (San Mateo, CA 94402) and can be reached at: peter.yim@cim3.com or (650) 578-9998</p></li></ul>