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Comenius Project "Europe in our school" 2012 -2014

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  • Comenius Project "Europe in our school" 2012 -2014

    Let's learn about...ECONOMY

    April 2014 - n 5

    ItalyPolandSpainTurkeyFinlandRomaniaEstonia

  • ITALY

  • From the second

    World War on,

    Italy has had

    great economic

    changes.

    After the war, It-

    aly was an under-

    developed coun-

    try. Because of

    he war, social

    and economic

    conditions of the

    majority of the

    population got

    worse.

    In 1951, 42% of

    the population

    worked in agri-

    colture and the

    income for each

    person was only

    36% of that in

    the U.S.A.

    Between the

    1950s and 1970s

    there was a re-

    markable indus-

    trial development

    in the Northern

    and Central area of

    Italy.

    Thanks to that, a

    quick process of

    economic upturn

    began. So, many

    people from

    Southern Italy

    emigrated to re-

    gions like Pied-

    mont, Lombardy,

    Veneto and Emilia

    Romagna. Thou-

    sands of people

    from underdevel-

    THE ITALIAN ECONOMY FROM THE PERIOD AFTER THE WAR TILL TODAY

    Data

    1990 2014

    oped regions like

    Sicily, Campania,

    Puglia and Basili-

    cata moved to the

    North of the coun-

    try. They found

    work in factories

    and they improved

    their life condi-

    tions.

    These years are

    very important for

    the deep transfor-

    mation of the Ital-

    ian urban, eco-

    nomic and social

    fabric.

  • During the 1980s and 1990s there was a great de-

    velopment of the service sector expecially bank-

    ing, insurances, commercial, financial and com-

    munication services. During these years the eco-

    nomic boom was at its best: Italy was one the most

    important economic power in the world.

    Our area was involved in the great progression in the 1970s too. The most important

    Italian factories of household products (saucepands, pots, coffee makers, tablewear)

    were born in Gravellona Toce and Omegna. Brands like Alessi, Bialetti, and La-

    gostina became important outside Italy and have given Italy great consideration in

    the whole world.

    THE ITALIAN ECONOMY 19701990

  • However, at the end of the

    millenium, the economic

    growth in Italy stopped

    and a 10 year period of

    economic stagnation has

    started. In the recent five

    years, Italy has been in-

    volved in the world eco-

    nomic crisis and it is now

    in the recession phase.

    So thousands of immi-

    grans from Africa, Asia

    and Eastern Europe

    reached our country. They

    were looking for work and

    they hoped to better their

    life conditions.

    From the 1st January

    2002 Euro coin was in-

    troduced in Italy.

    Pagina 3 1990 2014

  • FOR EXEMPLE:

    ZIGER: table cheese with creamy spread on rye bread. BRESAOLA , HERBS ( SAGE , MINT LAUREL ) SCIMUDIN: goat cheese of Valtellina, round shape with white crust, soft and creamy . SPEK : cured meat of Trentino-Alto Adige, legs of pork with juniper and herbs. VEZZEMA : usually used in place of parmesan cheese.

    In the northern Italy we have got a lot of dairy products, fruit and vegetables delicious are in Trentino-Alto Adige, where the variety of cheese is really extensive.

    TYPICAL NORTH

    PRODUCT

    We produce oil too: Trentino Garda oil and Eastern Garda oil ( both in Trentino -Alto Adige) Italy also produces many fine wines : sparkling, barricaded, spicy, sweet or liqueur . Wines: Barbera, Bardo, Dolcetto d' Alba (Piedmont) Boturnio (Lombardy ) Garnet Cabernetta, classic Valpolicella and Amarone (Veneto) Our typical vegetables are: corn, barley, sugar beet, rice, soybeans, wheat turkish, wheat, rye, grapes, oats , cabbage, olives, onions, garlic, beans, to-matoes, artichokes, mushrooms and potatoes. Fruit: apples, peaches , pears , plums , cherries, fruits of the forest, walnuts , hazelnuts, chestnuts , apricots, and in the area of Liguria you can find or-anges, lemons, tangerines, melons and watermelons . Fishing is popular in Friuli-Venezia-Giulia and Liguria.

    I:C GALILEO GALILEI

    Indirizzo ufficio 1 Indirizzo 2 Indirizzo 3 Indirizzo 4

    CLASSE: IIIC

    PHOTO

  • FOR EXEMPLE:

    The tagliatelle or fettuccine are a typical pasta of the central Italy.

    A variant of the tagliatelle are green tagliatelle, with chard or spinach, they are particularly tasty and delicate.

    Another important kind of pasta is Spaghetti alla chitarra.

    The spaghetti alla chitarra, also called tonnarelli or maccheroni alla chitarra in Abruzzo, are a variety of

    pasta typical of Italian cuisine.

    Pasta is one of the most consumed products in Italy but there is one in particular that is produced in the region of Lazio: tagliatelle

    PASTA IN CENTRAL

    ITALY

    In Abruzzo maccheroni alla chitarra are generally prepared with meat sauce (a mi-mixture of beef, pork and lamb) .

    Another very popular kind of pasta is the delicious pasta carbonara The pasta carbonara is a typical course of Latium and more particularly of Rome, it's prepared with popular ingredients and it has got an intense flavor .

    Spaghetti are traditionally used.

    Its typical ingredients are: bacon, eggs, pecorino cheese, little bit of salt and pepper, if

    you want you can add a bit of extra virgin olive oil.

    I:C GALILEO GALILEI

    Indirizzo ufficio 1 Indirizzo 2 Indirizzo 3 Indirizzo 4

    CLASSE: IIIC

    PHOTO

  • FOR EXEMPLE:

    Tuscan cheese, cheese from umbria,cheese from the marches,cheese from the

    abruzzi,cheese from molise,roman cheese.

    WE HAVE MANY TYPICAL OF CHEESE

    TYPICAL CHEESE

    OF CENTRAL ITALY

    Tuscan cheese:In the area of Grosseto is widespread Caciotta Cheese from Umbria:Among the cheese from Umbria we must men-tion the Pecorino of Norcia. Cheese from the Marches:A particularly tasty cheese made from cow's milk is the Raviggiolo, widespread in the area of Montefeltro. The Caciotta is produced in the provinces of Urbino and Pesaro. Cheese from the Abruzzi:The Formaggella of Sannio is a very popular cheese from the Abruzzi. Cheese from Molise:Typical of Molise is sheep and buffalo milk

    cheese. . The Burrino and the Fiordilatte are the most popular. Roman cheese:The Pecorino Romano (sheep cheese) is the most typical and popular cheese in the region of Lazio.

    I:C GALILEO GALILEI

    Indirizzo ufficio 1 Indirizzo 2 Indirizzo 3 Indirizzo 4

    CLASSE: IIIC

    PHOTO

  • FOR EXEMPLE:

    In Southern Italy wines and oil s produced in a lot of areas

    In Southern Italy wine and oil are typical products

    WINE AND OIL OF

    SUD

    WINE

    In Southern Italy wine is produced in a lot of areas, other areas produce more wine

    than oil, as most of the oil is produced in Liguria. Wine is an alcoholic beverage produced solely by fermentation (total or partial) of the

    fruit of the vine and grape .

    In Italy (and throughout the European Community), because of historical reasons, be-

    cause of the protection of a higher quality product and also because of the cost and

    value, you can not define commercially as "wine" the product of the fermentation of

    grapes from different Vitis vinifera . Hence the term, in case of commercialization of

    different fermentation, must be omitted . Common system to remedy this prohibition

    is, for example, to mention just the name of the grape variety used, of course without

    mentioning the word "wine " .

    With this drink you can also give life to a noble distillate, if aged for at least 12 months

    in oak, it takes the name of brandy.

    OIL

    The vegetable oil generally comes from the pressing of oilseeds (sunflower, peanut,

    flax, olive oil, palm oil) or from olives or from other parts of plants that contain them.

    Liguria is the world's largest producer of oil.

    There are many types of oil including:

    Extra virgin olive oil

    Virgin olive oil

    Grade olive oil

    Refined olive oil

    Olive oil composed of refined olive oil and virgin olive oil Olive-pomace oil ( Olive-pomace oil is olive oil that is extracted from olive pulp after

    the first press)

    Refined olive-pomace oil .

    I:C GALILEO GALILEI

    Indirizzo ufficio 1 Indirizzo 2 Indirizzo 3 Indirizzo 4

    CLASSE: IIIC

    PHOTO

    E

  • The texile ac-

    tivity was cre-

    ated in Milan,

    in the half of

    the XII cen-

    tury with the

    wool manu-

    factory. Dur-

    ing the Ren-

    aissance,

    Florence was

    the main cen-

    tre. The textile

    industry was

    especially de-

    veloped in the

    North of Italy

    and in Prato,

    in Tuscany. In

    the last years,

    China and In-

    dia became

    terrible com-

    petitors for

    the Italian tex-

    tile industry,

    China is an

    only trader of

    silk worms

    and it has the

    monopoly of

    the lavoration

    of silk.

    Texile industry

    ILVA

    Ilva is a very im-

    portant Italian

    company firm of

    iron an steel. In

    Taranto there is

    a very important

    industrial park

    for the manifac-

    turing in

    Europe. Many

    machineries

    were closed for

    pollution.

    I c . G a l i l e o G a l i l e i

    INDUSTRY

  • Cinecitt