Let's learn about... Economy

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Comenius Project "Europe in our school" 2012 -2014


<ul><li><p>Comenius Project "Europe in our school" 2012 -2014 </p><p>Let's learn about...ECONOMY</p><p>April 2014 - n 5</p><p>ItalyPolandSpainTurkeyFinlandRomaniaEstonia</p></li><li><p>ITALY</p></li><li><p>From the second </p><p>World War on, </p><p>Italy has had </p><p>great economic </p><p>changes. </p><p>After the war, It-</p><p>aly was an under-</p><p>developed coun-</p><p>try. Because of </p><p>he war, social </p><p>and economic </p><p>conditions of the </p><p>majority of the </p><p>population got </p><p>worse. </p><p>In 1951, 42% of </p><p>the population </p><p>worked in agri-</p><p>colture and the </p><p>income for each </p><p>person was only </p><p>36% of that in </p><p>the U.S.A. </p><p>Between the </p><p>1950s and 1970s </p><p>there was a re-</p><p>markable indus-</p><p>trial development </p><p>in the Northern </p><p>and Central area of </p><p>Italy. </p><p>Thanks to that, a </p><p>quick process of </p><p>economic upturn </p><p>began. So, many </p><p>people from </p><p>Southern Italy </p><p>emigrated to re-</p><p>gions like Pied-</p><p>mont, Lombardy, </p><p>Veneto and Emilia </p><p>Romagna. Thou-</p><p>sands of people </p><p>from underdevel- </p><p>THE ITALIAN ECONOMY FROM THE PERIOD AFTER THE WAR TILL TODAY </p><p>Data </p><p>1990 2014 </p><p>oped regions like </p><p>Sicily, Campania, </p><p>Puglia and Basili-</p><p>cata moved to the </p><p>North of the coun-</p><p>try. They found </p><p>work in factories </p><p>and they improved </p><p>their life condi-</p><p>tions. </p><p>These years are </p><p>very important for </p><p>the deep transfor-</p><p>mation of the Ital-</p><p>ian urban, eco-</p><p>nomic and social </p><p>fabric. </p></li><li><p>During the 1980s and 1990s there was a great de-</p><p>velopment of the service sector expecially bank-</p><p>ing, insurances, commercial, financial and com-</p><p>munication services. During these years the eco-</p><p>nomic boom was at its best: Italy was one the most </p><p>important economic power in the world. </p><p>Our area was involved in the great progression in the 1970s too. The most important </p><p>Italian factories of household products (saucepands, pots, coffee makers, tablewear) </p><p>were born in Gravellona Toce and Omegna. Brands like Alessi, Bialetti, and La-</p><p>gostina became important outside Italy and have given Italy great consideration in </p><p>the whole world. </p><p>THE ITALIAN ECONOMY 19701990 </p></li><li><p> However, at the end of the </p><p>millenium, the economic </p><p>growth in Italy stopped </p><p>and a 10 year period of </p><p>economic stagnation has </p><p>started. In the recent five </p><p>years, Italy has been in-</p><p>volved in the world eco-</p><p>nomic crisis and it is now </p><p>in the recession phase. </p><p>So thousands of immi-</p><p>grans from Africa, Asia </p><p>and Eastern Europe </p><p>reached our country. They </p><p>were looking for work and </p><p>they hoped to better their </p><p>life conditions. </p><p>From the 1st January </p><p>2002 Euro coin was in-</p><p>troduced in Italy. </p><p>Pagina 3 1990 2014 </p></li><li><p>FOR EXEMPLE: </p><p>ZIGER: table cheese with creamy spread on rye bread. BRESAOLA , HERBS ( SAGE , MINT LAUREL ) SCIMUDIN: goat cheese of Valtellina, round shape with white crust, soft and creamy . SPEK : cured meat of Trentino-Alto Adige, legs of pork with juniper and herbs. VEZZEMA : usually used in place of parmesan cheese. </p><p>In the northern Italy we have got a lot of dairy products, fruit and vegetables delicious are in Trentino-Alto Adige, where the variety of cheese is really extensive. </p><p>TYPICAL NORTH </p><p>PRODUCT </p><p>We produce oil too: Trentino Garda oil and Eastern Garda oil ( both in Trentino -Alto Adige) Italy also produces many fine wines : sparkling, barricaded, spicy, sweet or liqueur . Wines: Barbera, Bardo, Dolcetto d' Alba (Piedmont) Boturnio (Lombardy ) Garnet Cabernetta, classic Valpolicella and Amarone (Veneto) Our typical vegetables are: corn, barley, sugar beet, rice, soybeans, wheat turkish, wheat, rye, grapes, oats , cabbage, olives, onions, garlic, beans, to-matoes, artichokes, mushrooms and potatoes. Fruit: apples, peaches , pears , plums , cherries, fruits of the forest, walnuts , hazelnuts, chestnuts , apricots, and in the area of Liguria you can find or-anges, lemons, tangerines, melons and watermelons . Fishing is popular in Friuli-Venezia-Giulia and Liguria. </p><p>I:C GALILEO GALILEI </p><p>Indirizzo ufficio 1 Indirizzo 2 Indirizzo 3 Indirizzo 4 </p><p>CLASSE: IIIC </p><p>PHOTO</p></li><li><p>FOR EXEMPLE: </p><p>The tagliatelle or fettuccine are a typical pasta of the central Italy. </p><p>A variant of the tagliatelle are green tagliatelle, with chard or spinach, they are particularly tasty and delicate. </p><p>Another important kind of pasta is Spaghetti alla chitarra. </p><p>The spaghetti alla chitarra, also called tonnarelli or maccheroni alla chitarra in Abruzzo, are a variety of </p><p>pasta typical of Italian cuisine. </p><p>Pasta is one of the most consumed products in Italy but there is one in particular that is produced in the region of Lazio: tagliatelle </p><p>PASTA IN CENTRAL </p><p>ITALY </p><p>In Abruzzo maccheroni alla chitarra are generally prepared with meat sauce (a mi-mixture of beef, pork and lamb) . </p><p>Another very popular kind of pasta is the delicious pasta carbonara The pasta carbonara is a typical course of Latium and more particularly of Rome, it's prepared with popular ingredients and it has got an intense flavor . </p><p>Spaghetti are traditionally used. </p><p>Its typical ingredients are: bacon, eggs, pecorino cheese, little bit of salt and pepper, if </p><p>you want you can add a bit of extra virgin olive oil. </p><p>I:C GALILEO GALILEI </p><p>Indirizzo ufficio 1 Indirizzo 2 Indirizzo 3 Indirizzo 4 </p><p>CLASSE: IIIC </p><p>PHOTO</p></li><li><p>FOR EXEMPLE: </p><p>Tuscan cheese, cheese from umbria,cheese from the marches,cheese from the </p><p>abruzzi,cheese from molise,roman cheese. </p><p>WE HAVE MANY TYPICAL OF CHEESE </p><p>TYPICAL CHEESE </p><p>OF CENTRAL ITALY </p><p>Tuscan cheese:In the area of Grosseto is widespread Caciotta Cheese from Umbria:Among the cheese from Umbria we must men-tion the Pecorino of Norcia. Cheese from the Marches:A particularly tasty cheese made from cow's milk is the Raviggiolo, widespread in the area of Montefeltro. The Caciotta is produced in the provinces of Urbino and Pesaro. Cheese from the Abruzzi:The Formaggella of Sannio is a very popular cheese from the Abruzzi. Cheese from Molise:Typical of Molise is sheep and buffalo milk </p><p>cheese. . The Burrino and the Fiordilatte are the most popular. Roman cheese:The Pecorino Romano (sheep cheese) is the most typical and popular cheese in the region of Lazio. </p><p>I:C GALILEO GALILEI </p><p>Indirizzo ufficio 1 Indirizzo 2 Indirizzo 3 Indirizzo 4 </p><p>CLASSE: IIIC </p><p>PHOTO</p></li><li><p>FOR EXEMPLE: </p><p>In Southern Italy wines and oil s produced in a lot of areas </p><p>In Southern Italy wine and oil are typical products </p><p>WINE AND OIL OF </p><p>SUD </p><p>WINE </p><p>In Southern Italy wine is produced in a lot of areas, other areas produce more wine </p><p>than oil, as most of the oil is produced in Liguria. Wine is an alcoholic beverage produced solely by fermentation (total or partial) of the </p><p>fruit of the vine and grape . </p><p>In Italy (and throughout the European Community), because of historical reasons, be-</p><p>cause of the protection of a higher quality product and also because of the cost and </p><p>value, you can not define commercially as "wine" the product of the fermentation of </p><p>grapes from different Vitis vinifera . Hence the term, in case of commercialization of </p><p>different fermentation, must be omitted . Common system to remedy this prohibition </p><p>is, for example, to mention just the name of the grape variety used, of course without </p><p>mentioning the word "wine " . </p><p>With this drink you can also give life to a noble distillate, if aged for at least 12 months </p><p>in oak, it takes the name of brandy. </p><p>OIL </p><p>The vegetable oil generally comes from the pressing of oilseeds (sunflower, peanut, </p><p>flax, olive oil, palm oil) or from olives or from other parts of plants that contain them. </p><p>Liguria is the world's largest producer of oil. </p><p>There are many types of oil including: </p><p>Extra virgin olive oil </p><p>Virgin olive oil </p><p>Grade olive oil </p><p>Refined olive oil </p><p>Olive oil composed of refined olive oil and virgin olive oil Olive-pomace oil ( Olive-pomace oil is olive oil that is extracted from olive pulp after </p><p>the first press) </p><p>Refined olive-pomace oil . </p><p>I:C GALILEO GALILEI </p><p>Indirizzo ufficio 1 Indirizzo 2 Indirizzo 3 Indirizzo 4 </p><p>CLASSE: IIIC </p><p>PHOTO</p><p>E </p></li><li><p>The texile ac-</p><p>tivity was cre-</p><p>ated in Milan, </p><p>in the half of </p><p>the XII cen-</p><p>tury with the </p><p>wool manu-</p><p>factory. Dur-</p><p>ing the Ren-</p><p>aissance, </p><p>Florence was </p><p>the main cen-</p><p>tre. The textile </p><p>industry was </p><p>especially de-</p><p>veloped in the </p><p>North of Italy </p><p>and in Prato, </p><p>in Tuscany. In </p><p>the last years, </p><p>China and In-</p><p>dia became </p><p>terrible com-</p><p>petitors for </p><p>the Italian tex-</p><p>tile industry, </p><p>China is an </p><p>only trader of </p><p>silk worms </p><p>and it has the </p><p>monopoly of </p><p>the lavoration </p><p>of silk. </p><p>Texile industry </p><p>ILVA </p><p>Ilva is a very im-</p><p>portant Italian </p><p>company firm of </p><p>iron an steel. In </p><p>Taranto there is </p><p>a very important </p><p>industrial park </p><p>for the manifac-</p><p>turing in </p><p>Europe. Many </p><p>machineries </p><p>were closed for </p><p>pollution. </p><p>I c . G a l i l e o G a l i l e i </p><p> INDUSTRY </p></li><li><p>Cinecitt is in Rome. There are </p><p>22 studios. Its the most important </p><p>industry in Italy but its used even </p><p>for foreign productions.In 1937 fa-</p><p>mous film directors worked here: </p><p>for example Fellini and Scorsese. </p><p>The home of reality show Grande </p><p>Fratello was in Cinecitt from </p><p>2000 and it was destroyed by the </p><p>fire in the night between 13th and </p><p>14th December 2013. </p><p>second indus-</p><p>trial sector of </p><p>Italy, and re-</p><p>acted well to </p><p>the crisis. The </p><p>Made in Italy </p><p>in the world is </p><p>always </p><p>popular </p><p>espe-</p><p>cialy in </p><p>the new </p><p>markets </p><p>This sector is </p><p>slightly re-</p><p>duced through </p><p>the 2011 and </p><p>2012 and felt </p><p>the effect of </p><p>the economi-</p><p>cal crysis re-</p><p>garding the in-</p><p>dustrial sec-</p><p>tors. The food </p><p>and the agri-</p><p>culture are the </p><p>like South </p><p>America, </p><p>China, India </p><p>and Thailand. </p><p>FOOD ECONOMY </p><p>Cinecitt </p><p>PAGE 2 </p></li><li><p>Saras society </p><p>was founded </p><p>in 1962 by An-</p><p>gelo Moratti, </p><p>the managers </p><p>are now his </p><p>sons. The re-</p><p>finement of </p><p>the petrolium </p><p>is the most im-</p><p>portant site in </p><p>Sarroch group. </p><p>The capacity is </p><p>300.000 bar-</p><p>els a day. At </p><p>the begining </p><p>Saras group </p><p>produced </p><p>electric en-</p><p>ergy but then </p><p>they produce </p><p>different en-</p><p>ergy sources </p><p>especially in </p><p>the sector of </p><p>wind power. </p><p>PAGE 3 </p><p>Gold work </p><p>Saras </p><p>important too </p><p>in this sector. </p><p>Exportation </p><p>are more than </p><p>a third of the </p><p>world total in </p><p>Italy. In Flor-</p><p>ence, prestig-</p><p>ious and tradi-</p><p>tional gold </p><p>works like en-</p><p>gravings make </p><p>the jewels </p><p>original and </p><p>elegant, espe-</p><p>cially rings, </p><p>bracelets, pen-</p><p>dants, earrings </p><p>and brooches. </p><p>Valenza is the </p><p>undisputed </p><p>capital of mar-</p><p>vellous jew-</p><p>elers crafts. It </p><p>produces gold </p><p>jewels from </p><p>more than sev-</p><p>enty years. </p><p>They are sold </p><p>not only in Italy </p><p>but all over the </p><p>world. The city </p><p>of Vicenza </p><p>near Venice is </p></li><li><p>The Gian-</p><p>duiotto is a </p><p>piece of </p><p>chocolate with </p><p>the shape of a </p><p>boat over head </p><p>kick composed </p><p>of chocolate </p><p>gianduia and </p><p>prduced in </p><p>Torin. Its-</p><p>Wrapped in </p><p>gold or silver </p><p>paper. Its </p><p>made of co-</p><p>coa, sugar and </p><p>nuts. The first </p><p>society was </p><p>Cafferel and </p><p>was presented </p><p>to theopublic </p><p>by mr Gianduia </p><p>in 1865 </p><p>( came to take </p><p>ago the manu-</p><p>factury from </p><p>Faenza were </p><p>very important </p><p>for the europe-</p><p>an.A lot of city </p><p>shops the cera-</p><p>mic is produ-</p><p>ced in different </p><p>Faenza is well </p><p>known in the </p><p>wordl as a </p><p>synonim of ce-</p><p>ramic.In fact,in </p><p>English </p><p>faience me-</p><p>ans majolica. </p><p>Five centuries </p><p>shapes and de-</p><p>cor.Here thecraft </p><p>mans create e-</p><p>xperimentations </p><p>majolic for pla-</p><p>tes,vases and </p><p>albarelli. </p><p>Furniture industry </p><p> The Gianduiotto </p><p>The ceramic of Faenza </p><p>small and me-</p><p>dium firms are </p><p>involved. Coun-</p><p>tries like China </p><p>and Poland aare </p><p>great competi-</p><p>tors. The difficult </p><p>economic situa-</p><p>tion has created </p><p>a deep transfor-</p><p>mation : only </p><p>the best enter-</p><p>preses business </p><p>survive. </p><p>The industry of </p><p>furniture is the </p><p>second one re-</p><p>garding the </p><p>Made in It-aly.After the fashion industry </p><p>PAGE 4 </p></li><li><p>Nutella is very </p><p>important for </p><p>the made in Italy regar-ding feeding. </p><p>The soft cocoa </p><p>cream created </p><p>by the can-</p><p>dymarket Pie-</p><p>tro Ferrero in </p><p>1946 and put </p><p>on themarket </p><p>in 1963. It re-</p><p>presents a uni-</p><p>que example </p><p>.in our country </p><p>every year </p><p>people eat </p><p>10000 kilos of </p><p>nutella, that is </p><p>60 thousand </p><p>jars. The Pie-</p><p>mont craf-</p><p>tsman make </p><p>bread cute in-</p><p>to slices, they </p><p>were called </p><p>Gianduiotto, due to the hot </p><p>penod the bre-</p><p>ad of Giandu-</p><p>iotto melted </p><p>and became </p><p>creamy. So the </p><p>shopkeepers </p><p>started selling </p><p>this as a </p><p>snack. From </p><p>that moment </p><p>the Ferrero al-</p><p>tered the for-</p><p>mula and ma-</p><p>de it soft and </p><p>ready tospre-</p><p>ad. In 1962 </p><p>the Ferrero </p><p>created </p><p>Nutella, the name comes </p><p>from the En-</p><p>glish Nut with sugar and </p><p>cocoa. </p><p>PAGE 5 </p><p>Nutella </p></li><li><p>There is a pe-</p><p>culiar working </p><p>of glass of the </p><p>Island of Mura-</p><p>no,near Veni-</p><p>ce. It was born </p><p>in the VIII cen-</p><p>tury with Asiat </p><p>ic and Arabi-</p><p>cinfluence </p><p>.Venice was a </p><p>very important </p><p>commercial </p><p>Harbour. The </p><p>process of </p><p>glass work is </p><p>complicate. </p><p>The glass ma-</p><p>de of silica be-</p><p>come liquid </p><p>with high tem-</p><p>peratures. Be-</p><p>fore solidifica-</p><p>tion the mate-</p><p>rial is soft and </p><p>working it. </p><p>There are se-</p><p>veral techni-</p><p>ques. Murano </p><p>glass working </p><p>starts with the </p><p>stratification </p><p>of liquid colou-</p><p>red glass. It is </p><p>used in long </p><p>bars. When </p><p>they cool down </p><p>they are cut </p><p>diagonally. </p><p>Glass handcraf-</p><p>tsmen could </p><p>not go away </p><p>from Venice to </p><p>avoid the diffu-</p><p>sion of this art </p><p>abroad. </p><p>PAGE 6 </p><p>Murano glass </p><p>3^A </p></li><li><p>ITALIAN EXPORTS</p><p>Italy exports iron, cast iron, steel because they are used in various applications and features.Iron is a metal of shiny colour, it has a density of 7,86 kg/dm3 and it is used for frying pans, stoves and pots.Cast iron is a metal. It is produced in the blast furnale at full cycle and it is used for stoves, pots andpans.Steel is a metal. It is produced in steel factories. It is used for beams, profiles and sheets.</p><p>IMPORTS EXPORTSGermany: 17 % Germany 13 %France 8,9 % France 11 %Netherland 5,6 % Switzerland 5 %Switzerland 3,5 % Austria 2,5 %</p><p>Austria 2,6 % Netherland 2,3 %Spain 4,7 % Poland 2,5 %Russia 4,1 % Russia 2,4 %U.K.3,5 % U.K. 5,6 %U.S.A 3,0 % Spain 5,7 %Libya 3,2 % U.S.A. 6,9 %</p><p>Turkey 2,5 %Canada 1,0 %Brasil 1,2 %</p><p>IMPORT &amp; EXPORT IN ITALY</p><p>EXPORTING:Agricultural vehicles: New Holland, Same, Lamborghini, Landini, LaverdTruck: IvecoCars: Gruppo Fiat, Ferrari, Lamborghini</p><p>IMPORTED:</p><p>Agricultural Vehicles: John Deere, Case, Fendt, Kubota, ClassTruck: Scania, Merceds, Man, VolvoCars: Mercedes, Volvo, Pugeout, Citroen, Yundai, Porsche</p></li><li><p>EDITING Editing is very important for the Ital-</p><p>ian economy. </p><p>Editing is a particular activity consist-</p><p>ing of choosing and selecting writings </p><p>that can be published as books, maga-</p><p>zines and cd roms or e.books. </p><p>The times to publish a book are: selec-</p><p>tion of the originals, preparing the first </p><p>edition to be pressed, graphic project, </p><p>press. </p><p>The history of editing started when </p><p>Gutenberg invented the press in the </p><p>XV century, but </p><p>the real father of </p><p>editing is Aldo </p><p>Manuzio. In the </p><p>same century he </p><p>started the mod-</p><p>ern editing in </p><p>which editor is a </p><p>kind of man-</p><p>ager. In 1500 in Italy there are still </p><p>several editing managers such as Zop-</p><p>pino and Marcolini who worked in </p><p>Venice as well. </p><p>But the very first modern editing man-</p><p>agers in Europe can be really found at </p><p>the end of the 19th century. </p><p>Editing is a sort of creative job which </p><p>goes from c Adelphi, Big-</p><p>n a m i , B o m p i a n i , C o m i x , D e </p><p>agostini,Einaudi,Fandango,Fazi,Feltri</p><p>nelli,Flaccovio,Garzanti,Giunti, </p><p>M o n d a d o r i , N o r d , P i e m m e : </p><p>,Rizzoli,San Paolo,Zanichelli. </p><p>hoosing the...</p></li></ul>