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Introduction to the Internet

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/ 31 20141 - Lesson 1& 2What is the internet Subject: InternetInstructor: Ahmed Al_AntariE-Mail: ahmed.alantary@yahoo.comFacebook: www.facebook.com/ahmed.alantaryMobile : 777148319Department: Internet and Graphics 2nd YearSanaa Community College2 / Introduction to the Internet

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3Hint..! /

What is the Internet?4

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DefinitionIt connectsAcademicGovernmentalCommercialOrganisational sites in order to share information.

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/ 31 20145 - Internet ServicesDirect CommunicationOnline ConferencingDistributed Information ResourcesFile TransferChatE-MailE-CommerceNewsgroupsMailing-List DiscussionsWWWFTP / 6

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HistoryAbout 30 Years Ago

Advanced Research Projects Agency / 7

/ 31 20147 - Did you know? The foundation of the Internet began in 1969, when the US Department of Defense created ARPAnet, a project to allow military personnel to communicate with each other in an emergency.

By 2011, the number of Internet users worldwide reached 2 billionover one quarter of the world's population.

8History /

HistoryARPAnetUniversity of California at Los AngelesUniversity of California at Santa BarbaraStanford Research InstituteUniversity of UtahONLY FOR EXPERTS / 9

/ 31 20149 - Evolution1970sProtocols (eg: ftp)Early 80sNewsgroupsE-Mail

Late 80sARCHIEWAIS1991GOPHERWWW

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/ 31 201410 - A Network : is a group of two or more computer systems linked together. Types Of Networks : 1- Local Area Network (LAN): A LAN is two or more connected computers sharing certain resources in a relatively small geographic location, often in the same building. Examples include home networks and office networks

What is A Network?11 /

2- Wide Area Network (WAN): A WAN typically consists of two or more LANs. The computers are farther apart and are linked by telephone lines, dedicated telephone lines, or radio waves. The Internet is the largest Wide Area Network (WAN) in existence.

12 What is A Network? /

TerminologyWeb Server

Large amounts of data storedfor access by internet users.

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Web BrowserTerminology

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TerminologyHome Page

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Terminology

Web Page VS Web Site

Any Ideas??? / 16

ISP = Internet Service ProviderEx: Onvol, Waldonet, Maltanet, Keyworld, etc etc etcTerminology / 17

Terminology

HTTP = Hypertext Transfer Protocol

HTML = Hypertext Mark-up Language / 18

HTML: Sample

Example


Click here to see my pictures:My photograhps

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/ 31 201419 -

The Internet Today ..?20 /

What is A VoIP..?21 /

22What is An E-mail ..? /

23What is A Blog..? /

24What is A Web Feed..? /

25

What is A Streaming..? /

26What is A wiki..? /

27What is An Online chat..? /

28What is A Social Networking..? /

29What is A Social Bookmarking..? /

30What is A Podcast..? /

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Lab1. HTML Structure

/ 32Lab1. HTML Structure

HTML Document Structure

This is a sample HTML file.

Setting a background image on the pageHTML Body

/ 33Lab1 & 2. HTML Text FormattingThere are many tags used to format text. They are listed below: .. - Sets bold text. .. - Sets larger than normal text. .. - Sets text in italics and denotes emphasis. .. - Sets text in italics. .. - Makes text smaller than normal. .. - Draws a line through the text as a "strikeout". .. - Same as bold but denotes strong emphasis. .. -Superscript. .. - Monospaced typewriter font. .. - Underlined text. .. - Mark a variable.

/ 34Lab1 & 2 . HTML SoundThe BGSOUND element is used to play sounds on a web page. There is no end tag for the element. To play sounds all that is required is to put a line like the following on your web page:

This line is used on this page to play sound.BGSOUND element attributes

SRC="1234usmc.wav" - The location or the URL of the WAV, MIDI, or AU file to play. LOOP="-1" - The number of times the file will will loop. A value of INFINATE or -1 will loopindefinitely.

/ 35Lab1 & 2 . HTML Marquee

Welcome to My Site

Questions?????? / 36

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