Lesson 2 facials 28.4.15

Download Lesson 2 facials 28.4.15

Post on 28-Jul-2015




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1. Unit B4 Provide facial skincare treatment 28.4.15 2. Key topics 1. Functions of skin 2. Layers of epidermis 3. Appendages in the dermis 4. Skin analysis 5. Skin types 6. Layers of skin 7. Reasons for having facials 8. Working environment requirements 9. Questions to ask in the consultation 3. Objectives 1. Locate and describe the action of specific facial muscles 2. Compare benefits of skin care preparations 3. State 3 reasons why clients have facials 4. List 5 benefits of having a facial 5. List 5 desirable characteristics of a working environment 6. Complete a full consultation whilst working in pairs 7. Observe a demo of eye cleanse, lip cleanse, superficial cleanse, skin analysis and deep cleanse 8. Identify skin conditions found on your clients skin 9. Perform eye cleanse, lip cleanse, superficial cleanse & skin analysis 4. B4 Provide facial skin care treatment Unit Requirements Practical observation on 3 occasions involving a different client 2 online exams; 1 open book and 1 anatomy based paper 5. Facial Muscles Triangularis Position The corner of the lower lip extends over the chin. Action Draws down the mouths corners. Expression Sadness 6. Facial Muscles Temporalis Position Extends from the temple region at the side of the head to the mandible. Action Raises the jaw and draws it backwards as in chewing. 7. Facial Muscles Frontalis Position The forehead Action Raises the eyebrows, causes wrinkling across forehead Expression Surprise 8. Facial Muscles Zygomaticus Position Extends diagonally from zygomatic to corner of mouth Action Lifts the corners of the mouth outward and backward Expression Smiling and laughing 9. Facial Muscles Corrugator Position Between the eyebrows Action Draws the eyebrows down and together Expression Frowning 10. Facial Muscles Orbicularis Oculi Position Surrounds the eye Action Closes the eyelid Expression Winking 11. Facial Muscles- Homework Orbicularis oris Buccinator Risorius Masseter Triangularis Depressor labii 12. Cleansing Toning To remove make-up To remove surface dirt & dead skin cells To prepare the skin for deep cleansing To aid in desquamation To breakdown the acid mantle An astringent effect on the skin Mild tightening effect on the skin To close the pores To remove trace elements of cleanser To restore the acid mantle Reasons and benefits of 13. Lets see what you can discover. 14. Desirable characteristic s of your working environment In your small groups list 5 desirable characteristics 15. Now lets get you working. 1. Set up of area 2. Consultation 3. Client preparation 4. Eye cleanse 5. Lip cleanse 6. Superficial cleanse 7. Skin analysis Swap over 16. Anatomy and physiology Structure of skin Functions of skin Skin Types Facial muscles Bones of head, neck and shoulder girdle Functions of blood and lymph Contra indications Skin care preparations Massage effects Contra actions Homecare 17. Activity for you .. In pairs see if you can analyse what skin types you have and list reasons for your choices. 18. Normal skin Pore size is small or medium Moisture content is good Skin texture is smooth and even, neither too thick or too thin Healthy colour Elasticity is good when young Skin feels firm to the touch Skin pigmentation is even Skin usually free from blemishes 19. Dry skin Pores are small and tight Moisture content is poor Skin texture is coarse and thin, with patches of visible flaking skin Tendency toward sensitivity (often broken capillaries) Premature ageing is common, fine lines around eyes, mouth and neck leading to deeper lines Skin pigmentation may be uneven, disorders such as ephelides (freckles) usually found Milia often found on eyes and cheeks 20. Oily skin Pores are enlarged Moisture content is high Skin is coarse and thick Sallow in colour Skin tone is good Skin is prone to shine Uneven pigmentation Skin disorders may be apparent comedones, pustules, papules, milia, cysts 21. Combination skin Pores in T zone are enlarged, while in the cheek they are small to medium Moisture content is high in oily areas, but poor in dry areas Skin is coarse and thick in oily areas but thin in dry Skin is sallow in oily areas but sensitive and high colour in the dry Uneven pigmentation Blemishes, pustules and comedones on oily areas Milia and broken capillaries appear in dry areas 22. Why clients have facials What are the benefits? Name 3 reasons why Name 5 benefits Why do clients have facials? 23. Desirable characteristics of your working environment In your small groups list 5 desirable characteristics 24. CONSULTATION When discussing the treatment with the client you need to ensure that the questions are open ended, to gain as much information from your client as possible What are your reasons for coming today? What results would you like to achieve from having a facial? What medical conditions do you have? What skin care routine do currently follow at home? What products do you currently use? 25. DEMONSTRATION The first stage of your facial routine 1. Eye cleanse 2. Lip cleanse 3. Superficial cleanse 4. Skin analysis 26. Now lets get you working. 1. Set up of area 2. Consultation 3. Client preparation 4. Eye cleanse 5. Lip cleanse 6. Superficial cleanse 7. Skin analysis Swap over