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  • LB 876 LB 876

    LEGISLATURE OF NEBRASKA

    NINETY-SEVENTH LEGISLATURE

    SECOND SESSION

    LEGISLATIVE BILL 876

    Introduced by Brashear, 4

    Read first time January 9, 2002

    Committee: Judiciary

    A BILL

    1 FOR AN ACT relating to civil procedure; to amend sections 25-217,

    2 25-318, 25-321, 25-323, 25-328, 25-330, 25-331, 25-501,

    3 25-503.01, 25-504.01, 25-516.01, 25-531, 25-818, 25-819,

    4 25-1002, 25-1063, 25-1064.01, 25-1075, 25-1085, 25-1102,

    5 25-1321, 25-1715, 25-2005, 25-2124, 25-2125, 25-2137 to

    6 25-2140, 25-2142, 25-2143, 25-2148, 25-2162, 25-2170,

    7 25-2171, 25-2178, 25-21,108, 25-21,113, 25-21,115,

    8 25-21,124, 25-21,134, 25-21,156, 25-21,202, 25-21,206,

    9 25-21,223, 25-2210, 25-2226, 44-2833, 44-2840, 44-2841,

    10 44-2842, 76-1441, 76-1442, 77-1904, and 77-1906, Reissue

    11 Revised Statutes of Nebraska, and sections 25-519,

    12 25-525, 25-1506, 25-2002, 25-2704, 25-2805, 60-4,105, and

    13 77-1917, Revised Statutes Supplement, 2000; to change and

    14 eliminate general civil procedure pleadings provisions;

    15 to harmonize provisions; to provide a duty for the

    16 Revisor of Statutes; and to outright repeal sections

    17 25-801 to 25-817, 25-820 to 25-822, 25-833, 25-834, -1-

  • LB 876 LB 876

    1 25-842, 25-843, 25-849 to 25-851, 25-854, 25-856,

    2 77-1905, and 77-1907, Reissue Revised Statutes of

    3 Nebraska.

    4 Be it enacted by the people of the State of Nebraska,

    -2-

  • LB 876 LB 876

    1 Section 1. (1) The rules of pleading in civil actions in _____________________________________________

    2 all courts are those prescribed by the Revised Statutes of ___________________________________________________________________

    3 Nebraska. _________

    4 (2) The cross-petition, cross-bill, and cross-suit are _________________________________________________________

    5 abolished. Demurrers to a pleading and special appearances shall ___________________________________________________________________

    6 not be used. The plea in bar, plea in abatement, and other ___________________________________________________________________

    7 dilatory pleas shall not be used in civil actions. __________________________________________________

    8 (3) All pleadings shall be so construed as to do _________________________________________________________

    9 substantial justice. ____________________

    10 (4) When the language of a section of Chapter 25 is the _________________________________________________________

    11 same as a rule of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and ___________________________________________________________________

    12 comparable laws or rules of other states, the practice of the ___________________________________________________________________

    13 federal courts and such states shall be instructive on the ___________________________________________________________________

    14 interpretation and application of such section. _______________________________________________

    15 Sec. 2. There shall be a complaint and an answer; a _______________________________________________

    16 reply to a counterclaim denominated as such, if the answer contains ___________________________________________________________________

    17 a counterclaim; an answer to a cross-claim, if the answer contains ___________________________________________________________________

    18 a cross-claim; a third-party complaint, if a person who was not an ___________________________________________________________________

    19 original party is summoned as a third-party defendant; and a ___________________________________________________________________

    20 third-party answer, if a third-party complaint is served. No other ___________________________________________________________________

    21 pleading shall be allowed, except that the court may order a reply ___________________________________________________________________

    22 to an answer or a third-party answer. _____________________________________

    23 Sec. 3. Every pleading shall contain a caption setting ______________________________________________

    24 forth the name of the court, the title of the action, the file ___________________________________________________________________

    25 number, and a designation as in section 2 of this act. In the ___________________________________________________________________

    26 complaint the title of the action shall include the names of all ___________________________________________________________________

    27 the parties, but in other pleadings it is sufficient to state the ___________________________________________________________________

    28 name of the first party on each side with an appropriate indication ___________________________________________________________________

    -3-

  • LB 876 LB 876

    1 of other parties. _________________

    2 Sec. 4. A pleading which sets forth a claim for relief, _______________________________________________

    3 whether an original claim, counterclaim, cross-claim, or ___________________________________________________________________

    4 third-party claim, shall contain (1) a caption, (2) a short and ___________________________________________________________________

    5 plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled ___________________________________________________________________

    6 to relief, and (3) a demand for judgment for the relief the pleader ___________________________________________________________________

    7 seeks. Relief in the alternative or of several different types may ___________________________________________________________________

    8 be demanded. When items of special damages are claimed, they shall ___________________________________________________________________

    9 be specifically stated. If the recovery of money is demanded, the ___________________________________________________________________

    10 amount of special damages shall be stated but the amount of general ___________________________________________________________________

    11 damages shall not be stated; and if interest thereon is claimed, ___________________________________________________________________

    12 the time from which interest is to be computed shall also be ___________________________________________________________________

    13 stated. _______

    14 Sec. 5. All averments of claim or defense shall be made ________________________________________________

    15 in numbered paragraphs, the contents of each of which shall be ___________________________________________________________________

    16 limited as far as practicable to a statement of a single set of ___________________________________________________________________

    17 circumstances; and a paragraph may be referred to by number in all ___________________________________________________________________

    18 succeeding pleadings. Each claim founded upon a separate ___________________________________________________________________

    19 transaction or occurrence and each defense other than denials shall ___________________________________________________________________

    20 be stated in a separate count or defense whenever a separation ___________________________________________________________________

    21 facilitates the clear presentation of the matters set forth. ____________________________________________________________

    22 Sec. 6. (1) It is not necessary to aver the capacity of ________________________________________________

    23 a party to sue or be sued or the authority of a party to sue or be ___________________________________________________________________

    24 sued in a representative capacity or the legal existence of an ___________________________________________________________________

    25 organized association of persons that is made a party. A party may ___________________________________________________________________

    26 contest any of these issues in the manner provided in section 7 of ___________________________________________________________________

    27 this act by specific negative averment, which shall include such ___________________________________________________________________

    28 supporting particulars as are peculiarly within the pleader's ___________________________________________________________________

    -4-

  • LB 876 LB 876

    1 knowledge. __________

    2 (2) In all averments of fraud or mistake, the _________________________________________________________

    3 circumstances constituting fraud or mistake shall be stated with ___________________________________________________________________

    4 particularity. Malice, intent, knowledge, and other conditions of ___________________________________________________________________

    5 mind of a person may be averred generally. __________________________________________

    6 Sec. 7. In any responsive pleading a party shall state ________________________________________________

    7 in short and plain terms the party's defenses to each claim ___________________________________________________________________

    8 asserted and shall admit or deny the averments upon which the ___________________________________________________________________

    9 adverse party relies. Denials shall fairly meet the substance of ___________________________________________________________________

    10 the averments denied. When a pleader intends in good faith to deny ___________________________________________________________________

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