lecture in editorial cartooning

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  • Lecture in Editorial CartooningNoel S. OrtegaSchool Paper AdviserThe Central Point/CentreglipiksCarmona Elementary School

  • Editorial Cartooning It is the process of drawing or sketching pictorial caricatures of a person or object in order to inform, influence, argue, criticize, praise and interpret a certain event or to entertain.

  • Pastor: Next Sunday, I will preach about the sin of lying. To understand more, I want you all to read Mark Chapter 17.

    (The following Sunday)Pastor: How many of you had read Mark Chapter 17?(Almost every hand went up except for a guy who dressed like a gangster)Pastor: Why my son you havent read what I told you?Guy: Well, I cant seem to find the 17th Chapter.Pastor: (Smiled) Mark has only 16 Chapters. Lets now proceed with my sermon on the sin of lying.

  • Cartoon is derived from two words : caricature and lampoon.Caricature is an exaggerated description, generally, by sketching. It is done in super-likeness manner using scale and distortion to suggest the artists feeling toward the subject. It is a pictorial representation of a person or an object in which the defects or peculiarities are exaggerated so as to produce an amusing effect.Lampoon is a piece a harsh satire usually directed against an individual.

  • Cartoon differs from original picture that tells something funny or hilarious.

  • Cartoon is different from poster and painting.

  • Cartoon is usually used in comics.

  • Cartoon drawing is used for trivia.

  • Elements of CartooningIt is to be remembered that the elements of an editorial article apply also to editorial cartoon, that is, the idea should be a reaction to a news item. The reaction could be a simple information, an interpretation or a form of entertainment. In this manner, the cartoonist, while he is focused on the idea, must also take into consideration the cartoon itself through the following:

  • 1. Composition - it is the arrangement of all the elements of a good drawing to produce the desired form and specifications. ( i.e., lines, shades, exaggerations, etc.)

  • 2. Balance - it is the stability produce by even distribution of those elements with respect to the whole. This is done through contrasting, opposing, and interacting elements.

  • 3. Unity - it is a condition of harmony. It is also the resulting singleness of effect or symmetry and consistency of style and character.

  • Elements of a Good Editorial CartoonGood editorial cartoons do more than just break up the gray areas of a newspaper. They should:Offer insight, influence and change beliefs.Spark discussion, give life to ideas and provoke thought.Express the artists ideas and thoughts without requiring a lot of explanations.Be able to stand on its own and be more than a mere graphic depiction of the editorials it shares the page with.Dwell on subject matters which are current and very relevant to the readers and what they are thinking.

  • Tips for Editorial Cartooning1. Be most concerned with the originality and clarity of your cartoons ideas.2. Select news stories of major continuing interest. The idea must be done in good taste and should say something.3. Study some professionally drawn editorial cartoons closely before trying to create one of your own. Remember, study them, but dont copy them4. Dont clutter youre your cartoon with too many different ideas. Decide on single point you want to make.

  • 5. Use symbols which are universal, that is, something the intended audience understand. Some topics need no symbols.Examples : Peace, freedom- doveEducation - torch, open bookGreed - crocodileSuccess, victory - laurel, medalJustice - balance6. Visualize the idea. Limit the use of words and labels to the minimum.7. Get the readers involved and avoid libelous ideas and insinuations.

  • The following four basic shapes are the Artist's/ Cartoonists best friends. Learn to draw and shade these four basic shapes from different perspectives and light directions. You can also to gain pencil control, which can be done with practice - drawing straight lines down a page using different pressure. When using ink, just practice flow control.

  • Making Caricature

  • Different artists have different idea about a certain issue.

  • Different artists have different idea about a certain issue.

  • Different artists have different idea about a certain issue.

  • Different artists have different idea about a certain issue.

  • Different artists have different idea about a certain issue.

  • Different artists have different idea about a certain issue.

  • Different artists have different idea about a certain issue.

  • Now, whats wrong with this cartoon?

  • If cartooning bug bites you seriously, heres some first aid:Its okay to copy cartoonists-in order to improve. Almost all artists do it when starting out. Practice, practice and practice some more.Stay loose. Draw rough first with light pencil; finish with a black pen. The seemingly effortless cartoons you chuckle and marvel at in some tabloids and broadsheets were probably redrawn and refined many times.To avoid an aimless rut (drawing the same face or character over and over again) write down some goals for yourself. For instance: expressions; males; females; kids; trees; houses; funny idea list; etc. Try drawing with your opposite hand. Maintain a happy balance between spontaneous doodling and discipline.For an effective gag cartoon, the IDEA is most important- not the elegance of the drawing.Try various papers and pens/pencils, even crayons. Draw very large and teeny, weeny.Borrow cartooning books from your local library or buy for your own.

  • In doing cartoon, dont forget the following:NeatnessOriginalityElementsLifeNOEL

  • Thank you for listening!