lec 11 - superpower espionage
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Superpower EspionageNovember 5, 2015HI 299V
Academic Writing & SubordinationIn academic writing you are judged by your ability to analyze, organize and articulate ideas.
These tasks are thought processes that cant be isolated from the writing process.
In many ways, we dont discover what our thoughts are on a particular topic until we start writing.
Often, inexperienced writers fail to make these thought processes explicit, and assume that they are obvious to the reader.
In academic writing, where clear thinking is a top priority, you have to make your thought processes explicit in the sentence structures so that the way you write your sentences supports the point you are trying to make in your analysis and argument. NO SUBORDINATION: Modern students may often have heard the term rhetoric used. They probably do not have a clear idea of what it means. Their uncertainty is understandable. The word has acquired many meanings. These four sentences are grammatically correct, but they just state facts in isolation. There is no analysis of the facts and no relationship between them. The minute you establish a logical relationship between them, a line of thought emerges. This line of thought comes about because some ideas are subordinated to others in a logical way.
SUBORDINATION:Although modern students may often have heard the term rhetoric used, they probably do not have a clear idea of what it means. Their uncertainty is understandable because the word has acquired many meanings.Although establishes concession, and because states a reason.DEFINITIONS: A MAIN CLAUSE has a subject and a verb/predicate and has no conjunction that subordinates it to another clause. It is independent and can stand on its own whereas a subordinate clause is always connected to a main clause.
The Man from the party is a jerk.
He stole my stamp collection last week.SubjectPredicateVerb in redSubjectPredicatePredicate = part of a sentence (or clause) that tells us what the subject does or is. In other words, the predicate is everything that is not the subject
A SUBORDINATE or DEPENDENT CLAUSE is introduced by a subordinating conjunction and always has a subject and a verb/predicate: when you write ( subordinating conjunction. + subject + verb and what follows the verb). When you become conscious of the need for subordination and learn to use it correctly, you give yourself an important tool to improve your writing. Subordinating conjunctions signal many different logical relationships. EXAMPLES OF SUBORDINATION:If you work and have small children you must juggle conflicting responsibilities.
The store closed when the owner died.
COORDINATION: The second step in the process of learning to use subordination is to recognize its opposite: COORDINATION. If subordination means that one clause is reduced to secondary importance compared to another, coordination means that two clauses, put side by side, are of equal importance and weight. You can join main clauses in two ways: Use a comma and one of the seven coordinating conjunctions, here shown in italics: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet (use FAN BOYS to remember) The economists considered budget cuts, and the politicians thought of votes. Or link the two main clauses with a semicolon: The economists considered budget cuts; the politicians thought of votes.
Course Schedule Pre-Midterm Lecture ScheduleNew Players & Secret Wars Superpower Espionage & Spies in the VaticanSpies, Moles, & Technological EspionageCrisis Intelligence & the World of Corporate EspionageHacktivists, Cypherpunks, & Wikileakers the Technical Revolution ContinuesPenetration, Sunken Subs, and & Bulgarian Umbrella Film The Lives of Others Film The Lives of Others Assignment 2 Due (35%)A Big Brothers World: Domestic Surveillance in Canada & East Germany A New World of Disorder Final Exam Review
Divided by an Iron Curtain
Attachs, Travelers, & AgentsAmerican HUMINT & AttachsU.S. - U.K. Travel Folder ProgramIndustrial, military, & scientific facilities
American Embassy in the Soviet Union
Attachs, Travelers, & AgentsCIAs Project REDSKINNonofficial TravelersVisual observationsClosed gaps
1950s Soviet Transportation
Attachs, Travelers, & AgentsLieutenant Colonel Peter PopovCode-name: ATTICPopovs spoils & ultimate fateI am a Russian officer attached to the Soviet Group of Forces Headquarters in Baden bei Wein. If you are interested in buying a copy of the new table of organization for a Soviet armored division, meet me on the corner of Dorotheergasse and Stallaburgasse at 8:30 P.M., November 12. If you are not there I will return at the same time on November 13. The price is 3,000 Austrian schillings.
US Ground Stations & SIGINTTurkeys ideal locationProximity to Black SeaSoviet training gound
Tunneling In: Operation GOLDCIA-SIS joint operationTap Soviet landlinesThe Soviets fortuitous discoveryGeorge Blake Benefits from GOLD
IDEALISTTelemetry signals identifiedCIA on their ownKelly Johnson of Lockheed
U-2 Spy Plane
Unclassified Name: Utility 2Classified Code-Name: IDEALIST
IDEALISTNational Advisory Committee on Aeronautics (NACA) cover stroryMeteorological studiesFirst official flight: July 4, 1956Soviet MiG fightersU-2 findingsContradictionsDiplomatic Protests
Soviets HUMINT AgentsSoviet blackmailJohn VassallHugh Hambleton
Soviet Wet AffairsThirteenth Department of the First Chief Directorate Nikita Khrushchevmigr organizations Georgiy Okolovich (Peoples Labour League)Captain Nikolay KhokhlovThallium Exotic assassination devices
Didnt You Know Smoking Can Kill You?