Leasing Companies

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Leasing is a process by which a firm can obtain the use of a certain fixed assets for which it must pay a series of contractual, periodic, tax deductible payments.

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<ul><li> 1. Final Presentation Financial Market ResearchTopic: Leasing Companies</li></ul> <p> 2. Introduction: Aleaseis acontractualarrangement calling for thelessee(user) to pay the lessor (owner) for use of an asset. Leasingis a process by which a firm can obtain the use of a certain fixed assets for which it must pay a series of contractual, periodic, tax deductible payments. 3. Histroy: Leasing was introduced in Belgium in November 1961 following the creation of the Leasing company, the S.A. LOCABEL. It took however another 6 years for leasing to be given a legal status through the law promulgated on November 10 1967 (Royal Decree n 55). From its birth in 1961, leasing has gone through the following evolutionary phases. 4. Conti From 1961 to 1980: leasing did not grow in a spectacular mannermostly due to the fact that investing without becoming the owner the goods was a psychological barrier difficult to overcome, and because of other financial solutions companies were more familiar with.From 1980 to 1993: Intensifying competition, deteriorating economicenvironment and the slowdown of investments had a major impact on leasing: the market shrank by 11% in 1992 and 18% in 1993. These unfavorable factors forced many leasing companies to review their strategy as they could reach neither their turnover targets nor their breakeven point. This difficult period was the trigger for a major market restructures: many leasing companies simply stopped their activities or were sold off. 5. Conti From 1994 to 1999: In 1994, the leasing markedturned around: sales figures went up as major growth returned. This favorable trend was confirmed in 1999. During the same period, the leasing market, and particularly the car leasing market progressed from financial leasing to operational leasing providing more integrated services. 6. Regulatory RequirementsPresenter: Nasrullah 5507 7. Regulations for establishing Leasing Company He has not been associated with any illegal banking business, deposit taking or financial dealing. He and the companies in which he is a director or major shareholder, have no over-due loans or installments outstanding towards bank or NBFIs 8. Conti Neither he nor the companies in which he is a director or major shareholder has defaulted in the payment of taxes as on the date of application He has not been sponsor, director or chief executive of a defaulting cooprative finance society or finance company 9. Conti He has never seen been convicted of fraud or breach of trust or of an offence involving moral turpitude or removed from service of misconduct. 10. Kinds of LeasingPresenter: Fahad 5521 11. Kinds of Leases: Finance Lease:Operating lease:Under a finance lease, the finance company owns the asset throughout and the agreement covers a set period considered to be the full economic life of the asset. An operating lease runs for less than the full economic life of the asset, and the lessee is not liable for the financing of its full value. 12. Conti Capital Lease:Direct Financing Lease (Direct Lease):Type of lease classified and accounted for by a lessee as a purchase and by the lessor as a sale or financing.A non-leveraged lease by a lessor (not a manufacturer or dealer) in which the lease meets any of the definitional criteria of a capital lease, plus certain additional criteria. 13. Source and Uses of FundsPresenter: M. Wali 5623 14. Source of Funds Capital Reserves: Capital reserve is one of the most vital source of funds for leasing. Borrowings from financial institutions: E.g. banks, building societies, credit unions, trust companies Inter-company borrowings 15. Uses of Funds Cash and Bank Balances: Amounts held in the bank and in cash. Found in the Current Assets section of the Balance Sheet.Investments: E.g. such as factories, machinery, houses, and goods inventories.Receivables Debt Factoring Hire Purchase 16. Cost BenefitsPresenter: Ashraf Ali 5520 17. Cost Benefits Lesscapital-intensive than purchasingSafeguard cash flowCapital assets may fluctuate in value. Leasing shifts risks to the lessor. Leasing may provide more flexibility to a business which expects to grow or move in the relatively short term, because a lessee is not usually obliged to renew a lease at the end of its term. 18. Conti Depreciation of capital assets has different tax and financial reporting treatment from ordinary business expenses. Lease payments are considered expenses rather than assets In some cases a lease may be the only practical option; for example, a small business may wish to open a location in a large office building within tight location parameters. </p>