learning how to learn better: cognitive style

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Learning How To Learn Better: Cognitive Style. MEMO TO: Students disappointed with their test grades FROM: Richard M. Felder, North Carolina State University Dear Students, - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Learning How To Learn Better:Cognitive Style

  • MEMO TO: Students disappointed with their test grades FROM: Richard M. Felder, North Carolina State University

    Dear Students,Many of you have told your instructor that you understood the course material much better than your last test grade showed, and some of you asked what you should do to keep the same thing from happening on the next test.

    Let me ask you some questions about how you prepared for the test. Answer them as honestly as you can. If you answer "No" to many of them, your disappointing test grade should not be too surprising. If there are still a lot of "Nos after the next test, your disappointing grade on that test should be even less surprising.

  • If your answer to most of these questions is "Yes" and you still got a poor grade, something else must be going on. It might be a good idea for you to meet with your instructor or a counselor to see if you can figure out what it is.

    You'll notice that several of the questions presume that you're working with classmates on the homework--either comparing solutions you first obtained individually or actually getting together to work out the solutions. Either approach is fine.

    If you've been working entirely by yourself and your test grades are unsatisfactory, I would strongly encourage you to find one or two homework and study partners to work with before the next test. (Be careful about the second approach, however; if what you're doing is mainly watching others work out solutions you're probably doing yourself more harm than good.)

    The question "How should I prepare for the test" becomes easy once you've filled out the checklist. The answer is... Do whatever it takes to be able to answer `Yes' to most of the questions.Good luck, Richard Felder

  • The question "How should I prepare for the test" becomes easy once you've filled out the checklist. The answer is... Do whatever it takes to be able to answer `Yes' to most of the questions.Good luck, Richard Felder

  • Test Preparation Checklist Answer "Yes" only if you usually did the things described (as opposed to occasionally or never).

    #1Did you make a serious effort to understand the material? (Just hunting for relevant worked-out examples doesn't count.)

  • Test Preparation Checklist Answer "Yes" only if you usually did the things described (as opposed to occasionally or never).#2Did you work with classmates (or a tutor) on homework, or at least check your answers with others?

  • Test Preparation Checklist Answer "Yes" only if you usually did the things described (as opposed to occasionally or never).

    #3Did you think about how to get an answer yourself before you worked with your classmates?

  • Test Preparation Checklist Answer "Yes" only if you usually did the things described (as opposed to occasionally or never).#4Did you participate actively in group/paired discussions (contributing ideas, asking questions, giving responses)?

  • Test Preparation Checklist Answer "Yes" only if you usually did the things described (as opposed to occasionally or never).#5Did you consult with the instructor or teaching assistants when you were having trouble with something?

  • Test Preparation Checklist Answer "Yes" only if you usually did the things described (as opposed to occasionally or never). #6Did you understand ALL of your answers (how you got them, why they were right, etc.) before you turned an assignment in?

  • Test Preparation Checklist Answer "Yes" only if you usually did the things described (as opposed to occasionally or never).

    #7Did you ask in class for explanations of answers that weren't clear to you?

  • Test Preparation Checklist Answer "Yes" only if you usually did the things described (as opposed to occasionally or never).

    #8If you had a study guide or review, did you carefully go through it before the test and prove to yourself that you could do everything on it?

  • Test Preparation Checklist Answer "Yes" only if you usually did the things described (as opposed to occasionally or never).

    #9Did you spend time actually using formulas, definitions, and vocabulary to arrive at answers instead of cramming or simply memorizing responses?

  • Test Preparation Checklist Answer "Yes" only if you usually did the things described (as opposed to occasionally or never).

    #10Did you go over the study guide and problems with classmates and quiz one another?

  • Test Preparation Checklist Answer "Yes" only if you usually did the things described (as opposed to occasionally or never).

    #11If there was a review session before the test, did you attend it and ask questions about anything you weren't sure about?

  • Test Preparation Checklist Answer "Yes" only if you usually did the things described (as opposed to occasionally or never).

    #12Did you get a reasonable night's sleep before the test? (If your answer is no, your answers to 1-11 may not matter.)

  • Test Preparation ChecklistThe more "Yes" responses you recorded, the better your preparation for the test.

    If you recorded two or more "No" responses, think seriously about making some changes in how you prepare for the next test.

  • How Do I Prepare Better?Step 1:Know how you best learn.Step 2:Evaluate what youre doing.Step 3: Play to your strengths.Step 4:Develop a plan of actionStep 5:Carry out that planStep 6:Decide what worked (or didnt)Step 7:Adjust and begin at step 2 again.

  • How do I change things?Learn what energizes and drains you.

    Identify strengths and predictable pitfalls.

    Make constructive use of differences.

    Gain greater flexibility and perspective.

  • Step 1:Know how you best learn.

  • Cognitive Style Inventoryhttp://www.personalitypathways.com/type_inventory.htmlEach of the four questions of the CSI inventory has two parts. The first part is a general description of the preference choices. The second part is a list of paired statements. Use both parts to form your opinion on your more dominant preference.

  • Cognitive Style Inventoryhttp://www.personalitypathways.com/type_inventory.htmlCopy these down and mark your choices.

    1. ___E ___ I___S ___ N___T ___ F___J ___ P

  • Q1. Which is your most natural energy orientation?Every person has two faces. One is directed towards the OUTER world of activities, excitements, people, and things. The other is directed inward to the INNER world of thoughts, interests, ideas, and imagination. While these are two different but complementary sides of our nature, most people have an preference towards energy from either the OUTER or the INNER world. Thus one of their faces, either the Extraverted (E) or Introverted (I), takes the lead in their personality development and plays a more dominant role in their behavior.

  • Q1. Which is your most natural energy orientation?Extraverted Characteristics Act first, think/reflect later Feel deprived when cutoff from interaction with the outside world Usually open to and motivated by outside world of people and things Enjoy wide variety and change in people relationships Introverted Characteristics Think/reflect first, then ActRegularly require an amount of "private time" to recharge batteriesMotivated internally, mind is sometimes so active it is "closed" to outside world Prefer one-to-one communication and relationships

  • Q2. Which way of understanding is most "automatic" or natural? The Sensing (S) side of our brain notices the sights, sounds, smells and all the sensory details of the PRESENT. It categorizes, organizes, records and stores the specifics from the here and now. It is REALITY based, dealing with "what is." It also provides the specific details of memory & recollections from PAST events.

    The Intuitive (N) side of our brain seeks to understand, interpret and form OVERALL patterns of all the information that is collected and records these patterns and relationships. It speculates on POSSIBILITIES, including looking into and forecasting the FUTURE. It is imaginative and conceptual.

  • Q2. Which way of understanding is most "automatic" or natural?Sensing Characteristics Mentally live in the Now, attending to present opportunities Using common sense and creating practical solutions is automatic-instinctualMemory recall is rich in detail of facts and past eventsDraw better from past experience Like clear and concrete information; dislike guessing when facts are "fuzzy" Intuitive Characteristics Mentally live in the Future, attending to future possibilitiesUsing imagination and creating/inventing new possibilities is automatic-instinctualMemory recall emphasizes patterns, contexts, and connectionsDraw better from theoretical understanding Comfortable with ambiguous, fuzzy data and with guessing its meaning.

  • Q3. Which way of forming judgments and making choices is most natural?The Thinking (T) side of our brain analyzes information in a DETACHED, objective fashion. It operates from factual principles, deduces and forms conclusions systematically. It is our logical nature.

    The Feeling (F) side of our brain forms conclusions in an ATTACHED and somewhat global manner, based on likes/dislikes, impact on others, and human and aesthetic values. It is our subjective nature.

  • Q3. Which way of forming judgments and making choices is most natural?Thinking Characteristics Instinctively search for facts and logic in a decision situation.Naturally notices tasks and work to be accomplished.Easily able to provide an objective and critical analysis.Accept conflict as a natural, normal part of relationships with people. Feeling Charac

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