LEADERSHIP, LEADERSHIP STYLES and RECREATIONAL LEADERS

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<p>LEADERSHIP IS SITUATIONAL</p> <p>LEADERSHIP </p> <p>Preview of Topics:</p> <p>Definition of leadership and recreational leaderMajor leadership styles or techniques Qualities of a good recreation leader.</p> <p>What is leadership?</p> <p>Leading peopleInfluencing peopleCommanding peopleGuiding people</p> <p>DEFINITIONLEADERSHIP - ability to influence a group towards the achievement of a vision or set of goals.</p> <p>LEADERSHIP STYLES</p> <p>Autocratic (Authoritarian) BureaucraticDemocraticCoerciveTransactionalTransformationalLaissez-Faire</p> <p>5</p> <p>LEADERSHIP STYLES</p> <p>Autocratic (Authoritarian) Manager retains power (classical approach)</p> <p>Manager is decision-making authority</p> <p>Manager does not consult employees for input</p> <p>Subordinates expected to obey orders without explanations </p> <p>Motivation provided through structured rewards and punishments </p> <p>6</p> <p>LEADERSHIP STYLES</p> <p>BureaucraticManager manages by the book </p> <p>Everything must be done according to procedure or policy</p> <p>If it isnt covered by the book, the manager refers to the next level above him or her</p> <p>7</p> <p>LEADERSHIP STYLES</p> <p>DemocraticOften referred to as participative style </p> <p>Keeps employees informed </p> <p>Shares decision making and problem solving responsibilities</p> <p>Coach who has the final say, but</p> <p>Gathers information from staff members before making decisions </p> <p>8</p> <p>LEADERSHIP STYLES</p> <p>CoercivePower from a persons authority to punish</p> <p>Most obvious types of power a leader has. </p> <p>Good leaders use coercive power only as a last resort: In todays sophisticated and complex workplace, excessive use of coercive power unleashes unpredictable and destabilizing forces which can ultimately undermine the leader using it. </p> <p>Youre Fired!</p> <p>9</p> <p>LEADERSHIP STYLES</p> <p>TransactionalMotivate followers by appealing to their own self-interest</p> <p>Motivate by the exchange process. </p> <p>Focuses on the accomplishment of tasks &amp; good worker relationships in exchange for desirable rewards. </p> <p>Encourage leader to adapt their style and behavior to meet expectations of followers</p> <p>10</p> <p>LEADERSHIP STYLES</p> <p>Laissez-FaireAlso known as the hands-off styleLittle or no directionGives followers as much freedom as possibleAll authority or power is given to the followersFollowers must determine goals, make decisions, and resolve problems on their own.</p> <p>11</p> <p>LEADERSHIP STYLES</p> <p>TransformationalCharismatic and visionary</p> <p>Inspire followers to transcend their self-interest for the organization </p> <p>Appeal to followers' ideals and values</p> <p>Inspire followers to think about problems in new or different ways</p> <p>Common strategies used to influence followers include vision and framing</p> <p>12</p> <p>RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIESWhat is RECREATION? - something people do to relax or have fun.</p> <p> - activities done for enjoyment.</p> <p>DEFINITIONRecreational Leaders...plan, organize and coordinate recreational, cultural, and athletic activities for people to enjoy in their leisure time.They work in community centres, municipalities, corporations, clubs and other similar public and private institutions. They are also found in correctional institutes, homes for the elderly and other facilities that recognize the therapeutic aspects of recreation. </p> <p>14</p> <p>Recreational Leaders...Desirable Qualities of PersonalityA robust and healthy physique, physical energy and vitality and a pleasing appearance.Intelligence, mental alertness and fine knowledge.Wholesome temperament and disposition, and well-controlled emotional response.Good character &amp; confidence</p> <p>15</p> <p>Recreational Leaders...REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS, ABILITIES AND ATTRIBUTESThorough knowledge of first aid. Good knowledge of recreation theory and practices.Ability to stimulate and hold the interest of the participants.Ability to get along well with others.Creativity and reliability</p> <p>16</p> <p>Recreational Leaders...KNOWLEDGE of...Common sports, games and recreation activities appropriate for all ages</p> <p>Rules and techniques of common sports and games</p> <p>Basic record keeping practices.</p> <p>17</p> <p>Recreational Leaders...SKILLS in...</p> <p>Planning and organizing program elementsPrioritizing and handling multiple program tasksFollowing oral and written directionsCommunicating and acting effectively with co-workers, supervisors, users and participants and the general public sufficient to exchange or convey information and to receive work direction.</p> <p>18</p> <p>Recreational Leaders...</p> <p>Three Professional QualificationsGeneral Education ProgramSpecial Professional TrainingExperience and Maturity</p> <p>19</p> <p>THANK YOU!!</p> <p>LEADERSHIP IS A VERB, NOT A NOUN. IT IS AN ATTRIBUTE THAT CAN BE DEFINED BY WHAT WE DO AND NOT BY THE ROLE WE ASSUMEMS. NECEL S. ASILO MAT-PE</p> <p>20</p>

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