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  • NEW MEXICO STATE BUREAU

    OF

    MINES AND MINERAL RESOURCES

    Socorro, New Mexico

    Don H. Baker, Jr., Director

    LAWS ANDREGULATIONSGOVERNING

    MINERAL RIGHTSIN

    NEW MEXICO

    by

    VICTOR H. VERITY

    and

    ROBERT J. YOUNG

    1971

  • N E W M E X I C O S T A T E

    BUREAU OF MINES AND MINERAL RESOURCES

    Don H. Baker, Jr., Director

    A Division of

    NEW MEXICO INSTITUTE OF MINING & TECHNOLOGY

    Stirling A. Colgate, President

    THE REGENTS

    MEMBERS EX OFFICIO

    THE HONORABLE BRUCE KING ..........Governor of New Mexico

    LEONARD DELAYO .. Superintendent of Public Instruction

    APPOINTED MEMBERS

    WILLIAM G. ABBOTT ...................................................... Hobbs

    HENRY S. BIRDSEYE .......................................... Albuquerque

    THOMAS M. CRAMER ............................................... Carlsbad

    STEVE S. TORRES, JR. ................................................. Socorro

    RICHARD M. ZIMMERLY ............................................... Socorro

    PRINTED 1971

    For sale by the New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral ResourcesCampus Station, Socorro, N. Mex. 87801Price $1.00

    ii

  • CONTENTSPage

    Introduction ....................................................................... viMining law generally ............................................................ 1Who may locate a mining claim ............................................. 3Lands subject to location ...................................................... 3

    In general ................................................................... 3National forests ........................................................... 5Grazing districts .......................................................... 5Land exchanges .......................................................... 5Stock-Raising homesteads ............................................ 6Agricultural homesteads ............................................... 6Reclamation withdrawals .............................................. 6Power sites .................................................................. 7State lands ................................................................. 7Game refuges and ranges ............................................. 7Stock driveways ........................................................... 7

    Lands not open to location ................................................... 8Classification Act of 1964 ............................................. 8National parks and monuments .................................... 9Recreational or other public uses ................................... 9Wilderness areas ......................................................... 10Experimental forests and ranges ................................... 10Military reservations ..................................................... 10Reclamation withdrawals .............................................. 11Agricultural homesteads ............................................... 11Small tracts for residence and other uses ....................... 11Indian reservations ...................................................... 11Game refuges .............................................................. 13Administrative sites ..................................................... 13Uranium on certain withdrawn lands ............................. 13Petrified wood .............................................................. 13Spanish Land Grants ................................................... 13Mexico-United States Border.......................................... 14Railroad lands ............................................................. 14

    Substances which may be located under theFederal and State mining laws .......................................... 14

    Public domain of the United States................................. 14Lands of the State of New Mexico ................................... 14

    Mining locations on public domain of theUnited States ................................................................... 15

    Lodes and placers in general ......................................... 15Federal and State legislation ......................................... 16Discovery ................................................................. 17

    iii

  • PageLode claims ....................................................................... 19

    Location ........................................................................ 19Recording ...................................................................... 20Performing location work .............................................. 20Relocation ..................................................................... 22Amendment ................................................................... 22Mineral rights of a lode locator .................................... 23

    Placer claims ..................................................................... 23In general ...................................................................... 23Size of claim .................................................................. 24Location ........................................................................ 24Recording ...................................................................... 25Marking boundaries ...................................................... 25Performing location work .............................................. 25Mineral rights of a placer locator ................................. 26

    Mill site ............................................................................. 26Tunnel location ................................................................. 26Maintenance of title .......................................................... 27

    Annual work requirement ............................................. 28What may be applied as annual work .......................... 28Bombing and gunnery ranges ............................................ 31Recording affidavit of performance of

    annual assessment work .......................................... 31Failure to perform annual assessment work ................. 32Contributions of co-owners to cost of

    assessment work ....................................................... 33Relocation by delinquent owner ................................... 33

    Patent to mining claims ................................................... 33Extra lateral or apex rights .............................................. 34Leasing Act of 1920 .......................................................... 35Potash permits and leases ............................................... 35Stock-Raising homesteads ............................................... 36Agricultural homesteads .................................................. 38Multiple Mineral Development Act of 1954 ..................... 39The Multiple Surface Use Act of 1955 ............................. 40Acquisition of mining rights on State Land ...................... 46

    In general ................................................................................ 46Responsibility of State Land Office

    and Commissioner .................................................... 46Application for general mining lease........................... 47Withdrawal and withholding from lease ...................... 48Forms and terms of lease ............................................. 49Assignments .................................................................. 50

    iv

  • PageBonds .......................................................................... 52Reports ......................................................................... 52Lease of State Lands for other minerals and materials ..... 53

    General Information ............................................................. 54Community property and conveyance of mining claims.. 54No lien notice ................................................................ 54Mine safety rules ........................................................... 54Workmen's compensation .............................................. 54Mining partnership and grubstake ................................. 55Public land survey ......................................................... 55

    Forms .............................................................................57-65Index ................................................................................... 67

    Citations to laws and regulations are abbreviated as follows:New Mexico Statutes AnnotatedN.M.S.A.United States CodeU.S.C.Code of Federal RegulationsC.F.R.43 C.F.R. as renumbered; see Federal Register June 13, 1970

  • INTRODUCTION

    The preparation and publication of this booklet is fundedpursuant to 1967 Laws of New Mexico, Chapter 171, Section 1.The publication would not be possible without the kind coop-eration of the Department of Mineral Resources of the State ofArizona, which has authorized the use of the material containedin its publication entitled Laws and Regulations GoverningMineral Rights in Arizona, 7th Edition, Revised June, 1970, byVictor H. Verity, mining attorney of Tucson, Arizona, and thecooperation and consent of the author thereof.

    The entire text has been reviewed by Mr. Verity. The materialrelating solely to New Mexico laws has been written by RobertJ. Young, attorney, of Silver City, New Mexico. The Bureau alsoacknowledges the aid and counsel freely given by Mr. BenShantz, attorney, of Silver City, New Mexico, Gilbert R.Griswold and William 0. Jordan who reviewed the material.

    The scope of the booklet is limited to the Federal and Statemining laws as they apply within the State of New Mexico. Theessences of the more important features o

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