latin america geography and environmental issues where in the latin america?

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Latin America Geography and Environmental Issues Where in the Latin America?

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  • Slide 1
  • Latin America Geography and Environmental Issues Where in the Latin America?
  • Slide 2
  • Mexico Location: North America Climate: Northern Mexico has a steppe or desert climate. Dry climate with some rain home to vast, grass-covered plains or desert shrubs Southern Mexico has a Savanna climate. The mountainous areas in central Mexico determines the climate based on the elevation. Such as the Sierra Madre Mountains.
  • Slide 3
  • Mexicos Natural Resources SILVER! More silver is mined in Mexico than in any other country. Mexico also has large deposits of Oil. Also mined: Gold, Iron, Copper, Zinc, and Manganese
  • Slide 4
  • Venezuela: Climate and Natural Resources
  • Slide 5
  • Venezuela Location: South America Climate: Northern part has a steppe climate Central Venezuela has a Savanna Climate usually hot with seasonal rain Southern Venezuela has a tropical climate typically hot and rainy year round
  • Slide 6
  • Venezuelas Natural Resources OIL! Venezuela is an oil rich country. Venezuela has easy access to the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean allowing for easy exporting of oil around the world. Venezuela also has deposits of natural gas and mines Iron, Gold, and Manganese The government gets about half of its money from the oil business. Even provides oil to Cuba at a reduced price!
  • Slide 7
  • Brazil: Climate and Natural Resources
  • Slide 8
  • Brazil Location: South America. The biggest country in South America. Climate: Northern Brazil has a tropical climate. Central Brazil has a Savanna Climate. Southern Brazil has a Humid Subtropical Climate. What is the weather like in a humid Subtropical climate?
  • Slide 9
  • Brazils Natural Resources SUGAR!!! Sugar cane is Brazils number one exported natural resource. It can easily trade with other countries because of its 7 seaports on the Atlantic coast. Brazil also has oil, Iron, Tin, Manganese, and aluminum. And plenty of hydroelectric power! What about the Amazon rain forest? 20% of the Worlds oxygen comes from the Amazon rain forest!
  • Slide 10
  • Slide 11
  • Cuba Location: Caribbean sea Climate: Savanna: hot with seasonal rainfall
  • Slide 12
  • Cubas Natural Resources Land is used mostly for farming This is because they have a large amount of arable land. What is arable land? They grow: Fruit and sugar cane which are the main exports The also mine: Copper, Gold, and Nickel. Cuba also has a deposit of oil
  • Slide 13
  • Slide 14
  • On your map, color the most populated areas in one color and the less populated areas in a different color. In the key indicate, what color represents the most populated areas and the less populated areas.
  • Slide 15
  • Latin America Languages: Must include Spanish, Portuguese, French and English on Key Map 2 Green-Spanish Blue- French Hint: All countries in Latin America are Spanish except: Brazil, French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, and Haiti
  • Slide 16
  • Latin America: Environmental Issues Where in the Latin America?
  • Slide 17
  • Air Pollution in Mexico City, Mexico Latin America: Environmental Issues
  • Slide 18
  • Air Pollution in Mexico City nearly 20 million people live here second most populated city in the world--Tokyo is first citys population & location contribute to its bad air pollution problem considered to be the most polluted city in the world
  • Slide 19
  • Air pollution over Mexico City Smog underneath the clouds, surrounded by mountains
  • Slide 20
  • Causes of Air pollution in Mexico City 1.huge population = lots of cars 2.high elevation--less oxygen so fuels dont fully burn --higher level of gases that harm eyes, lungs, & the heart 3.Sierra Madre mountains surround city & trap in polluted air
  • Slide 21
  • Mexico City Surrounded by mountains
  • Slide 22
  • Effects of Air Pollution Air pollution Increase in asthma Acid Rain
  • Slide 23
  • Solutions for Air pollution in Mexico City To reduce air pollution, the city promotes public transportation (buses, subway). The city is also testing buses that run on cleaner burning fuels new restrictions on car use workshops to teach people about the environment
  • Slide 24
  • Amazon Rainforest: Deforestation Latin America: Environmental Issues
  • Slide 25
  • Amazon Rainforest largest rainforest in the world most of the rainforest is in Brazil experiences a hot, humid, & rainy tropical climate home to a huge variety of plants, trees, insects, birds, & animals produces 1/3 of the earths oxygen (about 20%)
  • Slide 26
  • Amazon Rain Forest Brazil
  • Slide 27
  • Destruction of the Amazon Rainforest The Brazilian government built a major highway system. opened rainforest to loggers Brazils population has increased
  • Slide 28
  • Amazon Rainforest Before
  • Slide 29
  • Amazon Rainforest After
  • Slide 30
  • Results of deforestation Plants & animals are losing their homes; many are endangered, and some are becoming extinct. Loss of trees increases carbon dioxide, a gas that contributes to global warming.
  • Slide 31
  • Clear-cutting, slash and burn, and Mud slide due to erosion
  • Slide 32
  • Solutions The government is passing laws to limit the number of trees Companies are replanting trees and farming them until they are mature enough to cut again.
  • Slide 33
  • Venezuela: oil-related pollution Latin America: Environmental Issues
  • Slide 34
  • Black Gold in Venezuela One of the worlds leading producers of oil has been producing oil for about 100 years Oil production has boosted economy Main source of income for many people Oil production results in toxic wastes, air pollution, & oil spills
  • Slide 35
  • Results of drilling for oil Venezuela
  • Slide 36
  • Causes Unscientific drilling Poor government involvement Lack of proper machinery to clean effected areas
  • Slide 37
  • The effects Venezuelas coast has become polluted with oil. The environment is damaged Fishing industry is hurt Breathing problems for children and elderly
  • Slide 38
  • More effects of oil in Venezuela Oil businesses have damaged Lake Maracaibo (largest lake in South America). Large amounts of oil have been removed from the area so the land is changing. eastern shore of the lake is dropping about three inches a year government is having to take precautions to keep water from flooding into nearby towns
  • Slide 39
  • Oil Spill What does this remind you of?
  • Slide 40
  • Problems Money from selling oil is the countrys main source of income. Venezuelans are motivated to keep producing, selling, and burning oil-- and polluting
  • Slide 41
  • Solutions Develop renewable energy sources Focus on clean-up and prevention of pollution Involve government more Better training of workers (investing in human capital)