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    National Diet Library, Kansai-kan 8 Oct2010 1

    Latest Trends in USLibraries and OCLC in theDigital Environment

    James Michalko

    Vice President, OCLC Research

    National Diet Library, Kansai-kan

    8 October 2010

    with thanks to Lorcan Dempsey, Brian Lavoie, David Lewis, Constance Malpasand Karen Smith-Yoshimura for their contributions

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    Problem Statement

    As academic libraries change the way they manageprint collections

    Sending books to storage

    Discarding duplicated physical books and journals

    Licensing e-journals and e-books

    Responsibility for the scholarly record and culturalheritage will be changed and redistributed amongnational and academic libraries

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    Overview

    The changing place of the US Library within University

    Collection trends (within US research libraries)

    Mass Digitization and the switch to e-books

    Implications for libraries, national libraries and

    OCLC

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    Simplistic

    Content

    Disclaimer

    Time is short, language is a barrierAll examples are U.S.A perspective

    This presentation

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    a Diversion

    Some analysis of Japan and OCLC WorldCat

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    OCLC and NDL collaboration

    NDL has agreed to:

    Load its JapanMARC records into WorldCat

    This is just beginning

    Contribute its authority files to the VirtualInternational Authority (VIAF) file

    This links authority files from national libraries and otheragencies and makes them available on the web.

    NDL data is not yet loaded

    These statistics will change when the NDL contributionshave been integrated.

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    Japanese Book Publication

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    Japan in WorldCat

    Statistics current as of July 2010

    Materials published in Japan:

    As of July 2008: 2,660,638

    As of July 2010: 3,185,301 (+20 percent)

    Total Japanese holdings:

    6,322,711

    Original WorldCat records contributed byJapanese institutions:

    1,099,346

    Total holdings in WorldCat attached to

    Japanese-contributed records:

    2,160,027

    Japanese-language materials:

    As of July 2008: 2,539,948

    As of July 2010: 2,985,134 (+18 percent)

    4.3 million

    1.3 million

    4.1 million

    1.4 million

    Japanese Collective Collection in WorldCat

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    Overview

    Disclaimer

    my perspective is research and academic

    libraries

    Based on USA the forecast in Japan may bevery different

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    Overview

    The changing place of the Library within University

    Collection trends (within US research libraries)

    Mass Digitization and the switch to e-books

    Implications for academic libraries, national libraries

    and OCLC

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    Place of the Library in University

    Why do Universities have libraries?

    It was more economical to have a physical collection than to send researchers orstudents to the information.

    It was useful to locate all the needed information resources for research andlearning physically close to the work.

    Local collections were assets and contributed competitively to scholarly output

    Consider the town squarein the United States

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    The network changes everything

    The network has reconfigured whole industries

    Travel, News, Book Retailing

    The network is now the first option for researchersand learners

    Impact on the university library

    changed the value of physical book collections and libraryspace

    changed the relevance of the library assets and services to theUniversitys outputs

    We do not yet know what it will mean toreconfigure the library within the University

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    collection trends

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    An unsustainablepattern of growth

    Source: Expenditure Trends in ARLLibraries, 19862007ARL Statistics20062007, Association of ResearchLibraries, Washington, DC

    ARL Expenditures, 1986-2007

    Less investment in libraries

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    . %rend continues library allocations would fall below 0 5 by, fit sector concerns about infrastructure costs in the middle and budget

    .the research sector all support this trend

    :Analysis based on NCES data Constance Malpas

    Less investment in libraries

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    Source: Service Trends in ARLLibraries, 19912007 ARL Statistics20062007, Association of ResearchLibraries, Washington, DC

    While student enrollment

    has increased(+25%) . . .

    In the last 15 years . . .

    use of onsite library

    collections/services hasdecreased (-10 to -50%). . .

    and reliance on external

    collections has more thandoubled (+150%)

    Students and researchers relianceon library has changed

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    What Do We Know About Print Book Use

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    12.9%

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    switch to e-books

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    Move from Print to Electronic Collections

    2010 David W. Lewis.

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    Move from Print to Electronic Collections

    2010 David W. Lewis

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    and the switch to primarily e-bookpurchasing will happen soon

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    Forecasts Digital Availability of e-books- the publishers expect this switch

    *Current

    :Trade

    / :Acad Prof

    :Text books

    / :H S

    #Ten Years*Five YearsFront Back

    Segment

    %25

    %10

    %20%1

    %85

    %75

    %90%20

    %100

    %100

    %100%50

    %50

    %30

    %10%5

    :Memo* ,Assumes top tier publishers 1 000 active publishers# .Assumes any active publisher selling on Amazon com

    OCLC work commissioned from Michael Cairns.

    Based on interviews with selection of indust

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