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<p>Latest Entries Penggolongan PineralFiled under: Ebook Tinggalkan Komentar 21 Desember 2010 No Golongan Nama dan Rumus Kimia Sifat Fisik Kekerasan Gores Kilap Warna Berat Jenis 1 Native Elements Emas (Au) 2 3 Kuning emas Metalic Kuning Emas 19,3 Silver (Ag) 2 3 Putih Perak Metalic Putih Perak 10,5 Platinum (Pt) 4 4 Putih Silver abu-abu Metalic Putih Silver abu-abu 21,4 Copper (Cu) 2 -3 Merah Metalic Merah merah bata 8,9 Bismuth (Bi) 2 2 Putih Kepera perakkan Metalic Putih keperak-perakkan 9,7 9,8 Arsenic (As) 3 Abu abu gelap Metalic Abu-abu gelap 5,7 Antimony (Sb) 3 3 Abu abu Brilliant metalic Abu-abu silver 6,6 6,7 Sulphur (S) 1 2 Putih Resinous greassy Kuning-kuning kecoklatan 2,0 2,1 Mercury (Hg) Liquid None Brilliant metalic Putih keperak-perakkan 13,6 14,4 Nickel iron (N,Fe) 4 5 Abu-abu Metalic Abu-abu gelap 7,3 8,2 Diamond (C) 10 Putih Adamantine greasy Putih, abu-abu, biru, hijau, hitam, kuning, dll 3,52 Graphite (c) 1-2 Abu-abu tua /hitam Dull metalic Abu-abu tua hitam 2,1 2,3 2 Sulphides Galena (PbS) 2 Merah bata Bright metalic Merah bata 7,58 Cinnabar (HgS) 2 2 Scarlet Submetalic Merah kecoklatan 8,0 8,2 Greenockite (CdS) 3 3 Orange / kuning Resinous / adamantine Kuning, orange, coklat kemerahan 4,7 4,8 Acanthite (Ag2S) 2 2 Hitam metalic Abu-abu abuabu hitam 7,22 Cobaltite (CoAsS) 5 Hitam metalic Abu-abu hitam kecoklatan putih keperakkan 6,3 Sphalerite (2nS) 3 4 Coklat Adamantine Hitam, coklat, merah, hijau 3,9 4,1 Stibnite (Sb2S3) 2 Abu-abu tua Metalic Abu-abu tua 4,63 4,66 Bornite (Cu3FeS4) 3 Hitam keabu-abuan metalic Coklat tua keungu-unguan 5,0 5,1 Chalcopyrite (CuFeS2) 3 4 Greenish black metalic Brassy yellow 4,3 4,4 Chalcosine (Cu2S) 2 3 Abu-abu tua metalic Abu-abu tua 5,5 5,8 Covellite (CuS) 1 2 Abu-abu tua submetalic Abu-abu hitam keunguan 4,6 4,8 Orpiment (As2S3) 1 -2 Pale yellow Resinous Lemon yellow 3,4 3,5 Pyrite (FeS2) 6 6 Greenish black Metalic Fools gold 5,6 Pyrihotite (FeS) 3 4 Dark grey black Metalic Bronze red, bronze yellow 4,53 4,77 Arsenopyrite (FeAsS) 5 6 Black to grey Metalic Silvery white brown 5,9 6,2 Marcasite (FeS2) 6 6 Greenish black Greenish black Yellow brown 4,92 Millerite (NiS) 3 3 Greenish black Greenish black Brass yellow 5,3 5,6</p> <p>Glavcodot (Co,Fe) AsS 5 Black Black Grey to white 5,9 6,1 Pentltandite (Fe,Ni)9S8 3 4 Brown Coklat Bronze yellow 4,6 5,0 Tellurides Sylvanite (AuAgTe4) 1 2 Silvery white Silvery white Grey yellow 8,1 8,2 Arsenides Arsenides (N,As) 5 5 Brownish black Brownish black Copper red 7,7 7,8 Arsenides Smaltite (Co,Ni) As23 5 6 Black Black Tin whit 6,1 6,9 Chloanthite (Ni,Co)As23 5 6 Black Black Tin whit 6,1 -6,9 Skutterrudite 5 6 Black black Tin whit 6,1 6,9 Sulpho salts Enargite (Cu3AsS4) 3 Dark grey metalic Dark grey 4,4 4,5 Jamesonile (Pb4FeSb6Si4) 2 Dark grey metalic Dark gery 5,62 Stephanite (Ag5SbS4) 2 2 Black metalic Black 6,25 Pyrargyrite (Ag3SbS3) 2 Red to black adamantine Dark red 5,8 5,9 Polybosite (Ag)16 Sb2S11 2 -3 Black metalic Iron black 6,0 6,3 Bournonite (PbCuSbS3) 2 3 Grey / black metalic Gray to black 5,7 5,9 Tetrehedrite (Cu12Sb4S13) 3 4 Black / brown metalic Gray to black 4,6 5,1 Tennantile (Cu,Fe)12As4S13 3 4 Black / brown metalic Dark grey 4,59 4,75 Boulangente (Pb5Sb4S11) 2 3 Brownish metalic Grey 5,8 6,2 Proustile (Ag3AsS3) 2 2 Scarlet color Adamantine Scarlet 5,55 5,64 Halides Halite (NaCl) 2 putih Vitroous Putih, kuning, biru, merah, dll. 2,1 -2,1 Sylvite (KCl) 2 Putih Vitroous Kuning, ungu, merah, abu-abu. 1,99 Chlorargyrite (AgCl) 2 Abu-abu Resinous Abu-abu hingga kuning. 5,55 Carnellite (KMgCl3.6H2O) 2 Putih Greasy Putih, merah 1,6 Cryolite (Na3AlF6) 2 Putih Vitrous Putih, kuning, merah, coklat 2,97 Boleite Pb26Ag10Cu24Cl62(OH)48 . 3H2O 3 3 Biru Vitroous Biru 5,0 -5,1 Atacamite (Cu2Cl (OH)3) 3 3 Hijau apel Vitroous Hijau terang 3,76 Fluorite (CaF2) 4 Putih Vitroous Putih, kuning, pink, merah, biru 3,18 Diaboleite PbCuCl2 (OH)4 2 Biru tua Vitroous Biru tua 5,42 Jarlite (NaSr3(F.OH)16 4 4 Putih Vitroous Coklat, abu-abu 3,87 3 Oxides Spinel (MgAl2O4) 7 8 Putih Vitroous Merah, hijau, biru, coklat 3,5 4,1 Zincite (ZnO) 4 4 Orange yellow Subada mantine Hitam / merah tua- orange yellow 5,68 Franklinite (Zn.Mn+2, Fe+2) (Fe+3.Mn+3)2 O4 5 1/6 6 Hitam Metalic Hitam kemerah merahan 5,07 5,22 Cuprite (Cu2O) 3 4 Merah kecoklatan Adamantine Merah 6,14 Chromite (FeCr2O4) 5 Coklat tua Metalic Brownish black 4,5 4,8 Magnetite (Fe3O4) 5 6 Hitam Metalic Hitam 5,2 Ilmenita (FeTiO3) 5 6 Brownish red Metalic Black / brownish black 4,72 Chrysoberyl (BeAl2O4) 8 Yellow Metalic Brownish, bright red, iron black 5,26 Cassiterite (SnO2) 6 7 Putih, abu-abu, brownish Adamantine Brown to black 7,0 Corundum (Al2O3) 9 Putih Vitrous Berbagai macam 4,0 4,1 Ruby (Al2O3) 9 Putih Vitrous merah 4,0 4,1 Pyrolusite (MnO2) 2- 6 Bluish black Metalic Black dark grey 5,06 Perovskite (CaTiO3) 5 Abu-abu Adamantine Kuning, coklat tua, dan hitam 4,01 Rulite (TiO2) 6 6 Pale brown Sub metalic Reddish brown 4,23</p> <p>Brookile (TiO2) 5 6 Putih, abu-abu kuning Sub metalic Coklat, reddish brown 4,1 4,2 Anatase (TiO2) 5 6 Colourless adamantine Dep brown 3,82 3,97 Uranite (UO2) 5 6 Black Greasy Brownish black 6,5 -10,0 Chacedony (SiO2) 7 Putih Vitrous Putih, kuning , coklat 2, 65 Columbite (Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2 O6 6 6 Dark red Submetalic Grey black to brownish black 5,1 8,2 Samarskite (Y, Ce, U, Fe)3 5 6 Tidak terdeterminasi Resinous Black, brownish black 5,15 5,69 Hausminnite (MnO3) 5 Black Submetalic Brownish black 4,84 Wad Ft Dark brown Earthy Dull black 2,8 4,4 Roman echite (Ba, H2O) 5 6 Black submetalic Black to dark grey 6,4 5 5 Yeloowish brown Vitrous Brown, reddish brown 4,3 5,7 2 3 Un determined Vitrous White, grey, greenish 2,4 Hydroxides Bruchite (Mg (OH2) 2 White Vitrous Wihte, pale green, grey, brown 2,38 2,40 Goethite (FeO (OH) 5 5 Orange Adamantine Blackish brown 3,3 4,3 Limonite (FeO (OH)n H2O 5 5 Kuning coklat Vitrous Yellow, brownish yellow 2,7 4,3 Manganite (MnO (OH)) 4 Coklat ke hitam submetalic Blackish brown 4,3 Bauxite (FeO (OH)) dan Al2O3 2H2O 1 3 White dull White to yellowsih 2,3 2,7 Diasphore (AlO (OH) 6 7 White vitrous Colourless grey, yellow 3,3 3,5 Lepidocrocrite (FeO) OH 5 Orange Submetalic Reddish brown 3,9 Tungstite (WO3.H2O) 1 2 Yellow Earthy Yellowsih green, yellow 5,5 Stibiconite Sb3+, Sb2+ O6 (OH) 4 5 Kuning puth Earthy White to pale yellowsih 3,3 3,5 4 Carbonates Aragonite (CaCO3) 3 4 Putih vitrous Colourless, grey, yellowsih, green, blue 2,94 2.95 Calcite (CaCO3) 3 White to greyish vitrous Grey, red, brown, green, black 2,71 Barytocalcite (BaCa (CO3)3 4 Putih vitrous White, yellowish, grey, greenish 3,66 3,71 Rhodochrasite (MnCO3) 3 4 Putih vitrous Pink to red, brown, yellow 3,7 Dolomite (CaMg) (CO3)2 3 4 Putih vitrous Whitw, grey, pink, brown 2,85 Ankerite (Ca(Fe,Mg,Mn) (CO3)2 3 4 Putih vitrous White, grey, yellowish, brown 2,97 Smitshosine (ZnCO3) 4 4 Putih vitrous White, grey, yellow, brown 4,3 4,45 Siderite (FeCO3) 4 Putih vitrous Pale yellowish 3,96 Magnesite (MgCO3) 3 4 Putih vitrous White, grey, yellowish, brown 3,0 3,1 Strontiante (SrCO3) 3 Putih vitrous Reddish, brownish 3,78 Witherite (BaCO3) 3 3 Putih vitrous White, grey, yellow 4,29 Cerussite (PbCO3) 3 3 Putih vitrous Grey, greenish, blue 6,55 Arthinite (Mg2CO3(OH)2 3H2O 2 Putih vitrous Putih 2,0 Malachite Cu2CO3(OH)2 3 4 Green vitrous Hijau 4,0 Azurite (Cu3)(O3)2(OH)2 3 4 Paler blue vitrous Blue brownish 3,77 3,78 Trona Na3(CO3)(HCO3) 2H2O 2 -3 White vitrous Greyish white, pale yellow 2,1 Nitrates Nitratine (NaNo3) 1- 1 White Vitrous Yellow, grey, white 2,27 Burates Borax (Na2B4O5)H4 .8H2O 2 2 White Vitrous White, grey, greenish 1,7 Colemanite (Ca2B6O11 . 5H2O) 4 White Vitrous Yellow, grey 2,42 Ulexite NaCaB5O6 (OH)6 . 5H2O 2 White Vitrous White 1,96 Kernite Na2B4 O6 (OH)2 . 3H2O 2 -3 White Vitrous White 1,9 5 Sulphates Gypsum (CaSO4.2H2O) 2 White Vitrous Greenish, yellowish 2,32 Celestine (SrSO4) 3 3 White Vitrous Yellowish, brown 3,96 3,98 Anhydrite (CaSO4) 3 3 White Greasy Pink, grey, white 2,98</p> <p>Barite (BaSO4) 3 3 White Vitrous White, grey, yellowsih 4,5 Anglesile (PbSO4) 2 3 Colourless Vitrous White, grey, pale blue 6,3 6,4 Chalcanthite (CuSO4.5H2O) 2 Dark blue Vitrous Sky-blue, dark blue 2,28 Epsomite (MgSO4.7H2O) 2 2 White Vitrous White, pink 1,68 Alunite (Kal3)SO4)2(OH)6 3 4 White Vitrous White 2,6 2,9 Jarasite Kfe3+2 (SO4)2(OH)6 2 3 Pale yellow Vitrous Brown 2,90 3,26 Glauberite (Na2Ca(SO4)2 2 3 White Vitrous Grey, yellowish 2,8 Copiaphile (Fe+2Fe4+3(SO4)6(OH)2.20H2O 2 3 Yellow, green Pearly Orange yellow 2,08 2,17 Cyanotrichite (Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12.2H2O 3 Pale blue Silky Dark blue 2,74 2,95 Brochantite (Cu4SO4)OH6 3 4 Pale green Vitrous Green 3,97 6 Fosfat Amblygonite (Li, Na) AlPO4 (F, O, H) 5 -6 White Vitrous Greyish white, yellowsih 3,08 Lazulite (Mg, Fe) Al2 (PO4)2 (OH)2 5 6 White Vitrous Blue brownish 3,1 Pyromoerphie (Pb5(PO4)3 C) 3 4 White Adamantine Green, orange, yellow 6,5 7,1 Vivianile (Fe3(PO4)2.8H2O 1 2 White Pearly Colourless 2,68 Torbenite (Cu)UO2)2(PO4)2.8-12H2O 2 2 Pale green Pearly Green 3,22 Autunite Ca (UO2)2(PO4)2 10-12H2O 2 2 Yellow green Pearly Yellow green 3,05 3,2 Xenomite (YPO4) 4 5 Pale brown Vitrous Yellowish brown 4,4 5,1 Monazite (Ce, La, Nd, Th) PO4 5 5 White Vitrous Brown, reddish, yellow 4,6 5,4 Turquoise (CuAl6)PO44 (OH)8. 4H2O 5 6 White Dull Greenish,bluish, brownish 2,6 2,8 Wavellile (Al3(PO4)2(OH, F)3 . 5H2O 3 4 White Vitrous White, green, brown 2,36 Variscite (Al (PO4). 2H2O 3 4 Green Dull Green 2,6 2,9 Apatite (Ca5 (PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) 5 White Vitrous Reddish. Brownish, grey 3,1 3,2 Herderite (Ca Be PO4 (F, OH) 5 5 White Vitrous Pale yellow 2,95 3,01 7 Silicates Olivine (Fe2SiO4 . Mg2SiO4) 6 7 Colourless Vitrous Greenish yellow 3,27 4,32 Pyrope (Ca3AL2 (SiO4)3 7 7 Red Vitrous Red black 3,5 3,8 Grossular garlet (Ca3AL2 (SiO4)3 6 7 White Vitrous Reddish brown 3,4 3,6 Almardine garnet (Fe3AL2 (SiO4)3 7 7 White Vitrous Reddish brown 4,1 4,3 Humite (Mg, Fe)7(SiO4)3 (F, OH)2 6 Brown Vitrous Dark orange 3,24 Chondrodile (Mg, Fe)5(SiO4)2 (F, OH)2 6 6 Brown Vitrous Yellow, red, brown 3,16 3,26 Topaz (AL2SiO4 (F,OH)2 8 Colourless Vitrous Greey, yellow, orange, brownish 3,49 3,57 Willemile (ZNSiO4) 5 Colourless Vitrous Reddish brown 3,89 4,19 Staurolite (Fe, Mg, Zn)2AL9(SiAl)4 O22 (OH)2 7 7 Greyish Vitrous Dark brown 3,65 3,83 Chloritoid (Fe, Mg, Mn)2AL4SiO4 (OH)4 6 Not determined Perly Dark grey brownish 3,6 Zircon (ZrSiO4) 7 Red brown Vitrous Red, brown 4,6 4,7 Andalusite (Al2SiO3) 6 7 Colourless Vitrous Reddish, brownish 3,13 3,16 Sillmanile (Al2SiO5) 6 7 Colourless Vitrous Yellowish, brownish 3,23 3,27 Kyanile (Al2SiO5) 5 7 Colourless Perly Blue, white, grey 3,53 3,67 Sphere (CaTiSiO5) 5 5 white Adamantine Red, brownish 3,45 3,55 Dumorterile (Al2(BO3)(SiO4)3 O3 8 white Vitrous White, brownish 3,41 Euclase (BeAlSiO4 (OH) 7 white Vitrous Pale blue 3,05 3,10 Milarile K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 H2O 5 6 white vitrous Yellowish green 2,46 2,61 Eudialyle (Na4(Ca,Ce)2(Fe+2Mn+2.Y)21 Si8O22 (OH,Cl)2 5 5 1/2 Colourness vitrous Brownish red 2,74 2,98 Datolite CaBSiO4(OH) 5 5 1/2 Colourless vitrous Pale yellow 2,8 3,0</p> <p>Gadolinite Y2FeBe,SiO10 6 7 Greenish grey vitrous Greenish brown black 4,0 4,65 Epidote Ca2(Al,Fe)3(SiO4)3(OH) 6 7 Greenish black vitrous Yellowish green 3,35 3,50 Zoisite Ca2Al3(SiO4)3(OH) 6 7 Colourness vitrous Colourness 3,35 Clinozoisite Ca2Al3(SiO4)3(OH) 6 Greyish vitrous Yellow pale green 3,21 3,38 Gehlenite Ca2Al7(Si,Al)O7 5 6 Undetermined vitrous Greyish green 3,04 Akermanite Ca2MgSi2O7 5 6 Brown vitrous Brown 2,94 Hemimhorphite Zn4Si2O7(OH)2.H2O 4 5 Colourless vitrous Colourless 3,4 3,5 Vesuvianite Ca10Mg2Al4(SiO4)5 6 7 Colourless vitrous Colourless 3,33 3,45 Berul (Be3Al2Si6O8) 7 8 white vitrous Colourless 2,6 2,9 Tournmalne Na(Mg,Fe,Li,Mn,Al)3Al6(BO3)3Si6.O18(OH,F)4 7 7,5 Colourless vitrous Brown 3,0 3,2 Ilvate CaFe+22Fe+3(SiO4)2(OH) 5 6,5 Colourless Submetalic Brown 3,8 4,1 Dioptase CuSiO2(OH)2 5 Pale greenish blue vitrous Bluish green 3,28 3,35 Cordierite Mg2Al4S5O18 7 7 Colourless vitrous Grey, brown 2,53 2,78 Axinite Ca2 (Fe+2,Mn+2)Al2 BSi4O15(OH) 6 7 Colourless Vitrous Reddish brown 3,2 3,4 Benitoite BaTiSiO3O9 6 6,5 Colourless Vitrous Blueis white 3,64 3,68 Enstatite Mg2Si2O6 5 6 Grey Vitrous Colourless 3,2 3,4 Hypersthene (Mg,Fe)2Si2O6 5 6 brownish Submetalic Brownish green 3,4 3,8 Diopside CaMgSi2O6 5 6 Grey Vitrous White, grey, greenish 3,22 3,38 Hadenbergit (CaFeSi2O6) 5 White or grey Dull Brownish green 3,50 3,56 Augite (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe,Al,Ti)(SiAl)2O6 5 6 Grayish green Vitrous Brown 3,23 3,52 Aegirine (NaFeSi2O6) 6 Grey Vitrous Dark greenish brown 3,55 3,60 Spodumene LiAlSi2O6 6 7 White Vitrous Colourless 3,0 3,2 Jadeiit Na(Al,Fe)Si2O6 6 7 Colourless Vitrous Green brownish 3,24 Hornblende Ca2(Mg,Fe)+Al(Si2Al)O22(OH,F)2 5 6 White Vitrous Greenish, brown, black 3,28 3,41 Anthopylite (Mg,Fe)7Si8O22(OH)22 5 6 Grey Vitrous White to grey 2,85 3,57 Grunerit (Mg,Fe)7Si8O22(OH)22 5 6 Grey Silky Grey, dark green 3,44 3,60 Glaucophane Na2(Mg,Fe)3Al2Si8O22(OH)2 6 Grayish blue Vitrous Bluish black 3,08 3,15 Rybickite Na3(Fe+2,Mg)4Fe3+Si8O22(OH)2 5 No streak Vitrous Dark brown 3,32 3,38 Actinolit Ca2(Mg,Fe)5Si8O22(OH)2 5 6 White Vitrous Blacklish green 3,0 3,44 Tremolit Ca2(Mg,Fe)5Si8O22(OH)2 5 6 White Vitrous Colourless 2,9 3,2 Arfvedsonite Na3(Fe,Mg)4FeSi8O22(OH)2 5 6 Bluish grey Vitrous Greenish black 3,37 3,5O Richlerite Na2Ca(Mg,Fe)5Si8O22(OH)2 5 6 Pale yellow Vitrous Pale dark brownish 2,97 3,13 Rhodonite (Mn+2,Fe+2,Mg,Ca)SiO3 5 6 White Vitrous Brownish red 3,57 3,76 Pectolite NaCa2Si3O8(OH) 4 5 White Silky Colourless 2,74 2,88 Wollastonite CaSiO3 4 5 White Vitrous Colourless 2,87 3,09 Neptunite KNa2Li(Fe2+,Mn+2)2Ti2Si8O24 5 6 Reddish brown Vitrous Reddish brown 3,19 3,23 Antigonite (Mg,Fe)3Si2O5(OH)4 2 3 White Pearly Yellow, brown 2,61 Chrysotile Mg3Si2O5(OH)4 2 White Silky White, grey 2,53 Talc Mg3Si4O10(OH)10 1 White Greasy Pale to dark green 2,58 2,83 Chrysocolla (Cu,Al)2H2Si2O3(OH)4.nH2O 2 -4 White Vitrous Green, blue 2,0 2,4 Phenakile Be2SIiO4 7 -8 White Vitrous Colourless 2,93 3,0 Muscovite KAl2(Si3Al)O10 (OH,F)2 2 4 Colourless Pearly White, yellow brownish 2,77 2,88 Lepidolit K(Li,Al)3(Si,Al)4O10(F,OH)2 2 3 Colourless Vitrous Pink 2,8 3,3</p> <p>Biotite K(Mg,Fe+2)3 (Al,Fe+3)Si3O10(OH,F)2 2 -3 Colourless Vitrous Dark brown 2,7 3,4 Phlogopit (KMg3Si3AlO10(OH,F)2 2 2 Colourless Pearly Colourless 2,76 2,90 Glauronit (K,Na)(Fe,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2 2 Bluish green Glistening Green 2,4 -2,95 Vermiculit (Mg,Fe,Al)3(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2.4H2O 1 Pale yellow Vitrous Greenish 2,3 Clinochlore (Fe+2,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(Si3Al)O10(OH,...</p>