Late Nineteenth Century Imperialism

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Late Nineteenth Century Imperialism. 1870-1914. Objective. To understand the causes of European imperialism of the late 19 th century To understand the extent of European imperial expansion To understand the consequences of European imperialism for Europe and the developing world. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>Late Nineteenth Century Imperialism1870-1914</p></li><li><p>ObjectiveTo understand the causes of European imperialism of the late 19th centuryTo understand the extent of European imperial expansionTo understand the consequences of European imperialism for Europe and the developing world</p></li><li><p>DefinitionsImperialismextending a nations influence directly or indirectly over weaker areas</p></li><li><p>DefinitionsColonialismTaking direct control of an area and turning it into a colony under a nations authority</p></li><li><p>DefinitionsNationalismBelief that an ethnic group should rule itselfBelief that one nation is better than all the others</p></li><li><p>Causes of Late 19th Century European ImperialismEconomic</p></li><li><p>Causes of Late 19th Century European ImperialismEconomic</p></li><li><p>Causes of Late 19th Century European ImperialismThree Cs of Imperialism Christianity Civilization Commerce </p></li><li><p>Causes of Late 19th Century European ImperialismPoliticalMaintain the balance of powerTo control strategic areas like sea lanes, access to marketsStatus symbolsGermany takes colonies to be like other European powersCultural and Religious Belief in cultural or racial superiorityDesire to spread Christianity to heathensTo spread civilization</p></li><li><p>BritainLargest colonial empireSun never sets on the British Empire</p></li><li><p>BritainLargest colonial empireSun never sets on the British EmpireColonies established to protect trading interests in Africa and AsiaTwo kinds of coloniesWhite Colonies (Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa) given self-ruleNon-white Colonies (India, Africa) under direct rule</p></li><li><p>France</p></li><li><p>FranceAcquired Algeria in 1830Took over Indochina (Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia) by the 1880sExpanded into Western Africa in the 1880sTook colonies to make up for loss of Alsace-Lorraine in 1870</p></li><li><p>Germany</p></li><li><p>GermanyBismarck originally opposed colonial expansionUnnecessary for GermanyDid not want to threaten France or BritainGermany took colonies in 1880s for status symbolsIn Africa and Asia</p></li><li><p>United States</p></li><li><p>United StatesDid not get involved in European affairs Became colonial power after 1898Spanish-American WarU.S. gains control of Puerto Rico, Guam, PhilippinesMonroe Doctrine allows US to extend influence into Latin America</p></li><li><p>Scramble for AfricaEurope had been interested in Africa for centuriesThrough the slave trade</p></li><li><p>Scramble for AfricaEurope had been interested in Africa for centuriesThrough the slave tradeMuch of Africa still unexplored until 1880sEuropean influence restricted to coastlineTechnology allows Europeans to explore African interiorSteamboats, Suez Canal, advances in medicine</p></li><li><p>Scramble for AfricaBy 1914, 90% of Africa under European control</p><p>Berlin Conference in 1885 sets ground rules for European colonization of Africa</p></li><li><p>Scramble for Africa</p></li><li><p>Scramble for AfricaConsequences Traditional way of life disruptedEconomic exploitation of AfricansEuropean racism imported into AfricaSpread of European cultureSpread of Western technology</p></li><li><p>European Imperialism in Asia</p></li><li><p>European Imperialism in AsiaIndiaBritain trading in India since 1600sBritish East India Co. gradually took over parts of IndiaBritish government gradually took over India in the 1800sSepoy MutinyIndian soldiers revolt against British East India Co. and were put down by British army</p></li><li><p>European Imperialism in AsiaConsequences of British Imperialism in IndiaBritish educational system establishedSpread of English languageRailroads tie India togetherRise of Indian middle class</p></li><li><p>European Imperialism in AsiaChina</p></li><li><p>European Imperialism in AsiaChinaPotentially huge marketClosed to European trade until 1800sOpium War (1840)Britain forces China to open trade to opiumBy 1900, China divided into European spheres of influenceParts of China under European controlChinese monarchy seriously weakened</p></li><li><p>Reaction to ImperialismRise of Nationalist Movements</p></li><li><p>Reaction to ImperialismRise of Nationalist MovementsIndia Indian National Congress (1885)Group of middle class Indians begin to demand independence (Mohandas Gandhi)ChinaBoxer Rebellion (1900)Nationalist Party </p></li><li><p>ConclusionDifferent reasons for European imperialism during late nineteenth centuryEuropean imperialism causes reactions in Africa and Asia European imperialism disrupts traditional way of life and continues to affect the world today</p></li></ul>

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