Langara Journalism Review 2014

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<ul><li><p>l a n g a r a</p><p>2014 EDITION | NO. 18</p><p>drone reportingThe propellers of a new age are tangled in red tape</p><p>Bridging the gap betweenjournalists and native peoples</p><p>duncan mccue the new slaves</p><p>The hard choice for young journalists: working for free </p><p>or not working at all</p><p>major league tradingCommunity newspaper dealsreduce competition</p></li><li><p>The spirit of thoughtful, inquiring journalism lives on.</p><p>Arlen Redekop/Courtesy of The Province</p><p>ENDOWMENT CREATES JOURNALISM FELLOWSHIPSThe Jeani Read-Michael Mercer Fellowship for Journalism Students was established to encourage students to continue their pursuit of journalistic excellence through mentorship. This endowed fund provides four fellowships annually of $5,000 each. The successful applicants will receive support for approximately two months while they produce a major work of journalism, such as an in-depth newspaper story, or series of stories suitable for publication in a newspaper, magazine, or on the web. Journalism students may apply for this award in their final term. Fellowships will be awarded in the Spring. For more information visit www.langara.bc.ca/journalism. </p><p>Jeani Read was The Provinces first full-time rock critic, former lifestyles columnist and lifestyles reporter. Jeanis socially conscious columns were collected into a book called Endless Summers and Other Shared Hallucinations in 1985. Jeani passed away of cancer on December 21, 2007.</p><p>2014 FELLOWSHIP RECIPIENTS: Nick Eagland: working on a CBC Radio On the </p><p>Coast series about the widespread addiction to </p><p>prescription drugs within the Lower Mainland.</p><p>Gavin Fisher: working on a CBC Radio </p><p>Early Edition series on the challenges LGBT </p><p>individuals face within ethnic minorities.</p><p>Tyler Hooper: working on a Vancouver Sun </p><p>special project about the impact of post-traumatic </p><p>stress disorder on the general public.</p><p>Vanessa Szpurko: working on a Vancouver Sun </p><p>special project about how people with disabilities </p><p>deal with issues of sex and sexuality.</p><p>LJR-2014.indd 1 2014-05-01 10:35 AM</p></li><li><p>LANGARA JOURNALISM REVIEW 2014 || 3</p><p> Right on McCue p10</p><p>CBCs Duncan McCue aims to bridge the gap between journalists and Canadas indigenous people</p><p>Mazed and Confused p16Governments may not control the media,</p><p> but they certainly control the information</p><p>Cultural Coverage p25Post newspapers find a niche catering</p><p> to Vancouvers ethnic communities</p><p>Writing Environmental Wrongs p29Freelance journalist Arno Kopecky believes</p><p> the environment is in danger and he wants to tell you why</p><p>The Great Pretender p5Native advertising is designed to look like editorial. Is it meant to deceive the reader?</p><p>Not a Bird, Not a Plane p6Whos minding the ethics of drone journalism?</p><p>The Twitter Effect p8Reporting in a 140-character world</p><p>Can You Spare a Dime? p9Are there strings attached to crowd-funded journalism?</p><p>Are Paywalls Paying? p14Charging for news on the Web is producing new revenues, but its not for everyone </p><p>Read All About ItFor Free p15For Vancouver commuters, its free newspapers all around </p><p>Retooling for Leaner Times p24As newsrooms shrink, do unions still carry any clout? </p><p>Digital Dangers p28Facing the challenges of anonymous online threats </p><p>Nasty Comments p32Is reader feedback on the Webhelpful or harmful? </p><p>Newspaper Monopoly p34The Glacier-Black swap meansfewer community papers</p><p>Pamelas Perfect Job p36Former news anchor Pamela Martin doesnt regret the leap from journalism to political PR</p><p>Staying in the Loop p38Kamloops Armchair Mayor serves up the scoops after the closure of his citys daily</p><p>Working for free under the guise of gaining experience is nothing new, but the internship concept is being pushed to new lows.</p><p>Roys Last Laugh p35 Saying goodbye to the late </p><p>Roy Peterson </p><p>Goodbye Post Presses p35 The fallout of the Kennedy Heights </p><p>printing press closure</p><p>Photo illustrat ion by Jacquel ine langen</p><p>Index 2014 Issue No. 18 || </p><p>The New Slaves p20</p></li><li><p>LANGARA JOURNALISM REVIEW 2014 || 4</p><p>Langara Journalism Review</p><p>An annual review of journalism trends and issues in Western Canada produced by journalism students at </p><p>Langara College.</p><p>100 West 49th AvenueVancouver, B.C. V5Y 2Z6</p><p>journalism.review@langara.bc.cawww.ljr.ca</p><p>Publisher/Instructor: Rob DykstraDesign/Web Consultant: Fiona Rough</p><p>Cover illustration: Kayla Isomura</p><p>Writers: Jesse Adamson, Ben Bulmer, Dana Bowen, Garin Fahlman, Kayla Isomura, Warren Jan, Jacqueline Langen, James McLaughlin, Kelci Nicodemus, Dennis Page, Jeremy </p><p>Sally, Carissa Thorpe</p><p>Jesse AdamsonPage Editor</p><p>Dana BowenPage Editor</p><p>Brenna BrooksAsst. Managing</p><p>Editor</p><p>Ben BulmerNews Editor</p><p>Deanna ChengArtist</p><p>Patrick ColvinCopy Chief</p><p>Artist</p><p>Marie-Andree Del Cid</p><p>Art Director</p><p>Puneet DhamiPhoto Editor</p><p>Garin FahlmanCopy Editor</p><p>Kristen HarpulaManaging Editor</p><p>Angela HolubowichAsst. PublisherPhotographer</p><p>Brian HorsteadArtist</p><p>Kayla IsomuraPhotographerPage Editor</p><p>Warren JanCopy Editor</p><p>Jacqueline LangenChief Photographer</p><p>James McLaughlinAsst. Art Director</p><p>Page Editor</p><p>Quinn Mell-CobbPage EditorCopy Editor</p><p>Kelci NicodemusPage EditorCopy Editor</p><p>Dennis PagePage Editor</p><p>Jeremy SallyPage Editor</p><p>Niall ShannonEditor-in-Chief</p><p>Carissa ThorpeCopy Editor</p><p>We live in exciting times. An ever-unfolding frontier of digital </p><p>reporting, shrinking or closing news-rooms, young journalists expected to work for freeand, most recently, the use of drones to capture news images.</p><p> These topics and more are explored in the 2014 edition of the Langara Jour-nalism Review.</p><p>While challenges lie ahead, jour-nalisms core mission the search for truthshould never be eclipsed. </p><p>Two years ago, the majority of us met as strangers entering Langara Colleges </p><p>journalism program. Sharing a common goal, and the stresses induced by a heavy workload and constant deadlines, we quickly formed bonds of friendshipbonds that will continue well past the school experience.</p><p>We may have lost some of our ide-alism, but each of us is determined to make a mark in journalism.</p><p>We are proud of what we have accom-plished in this issue of the LJR. We hope you enjoy what we have to offer.</p><p>Niall Shannon, Editor-in-Chief</p><p>Editors Note</p></li><li><p>LANGARA JOURNALISM REVIEW 2014 || 5</p><p>News service meNds families, </p><p>makes beds</p><p>Newsrooms across Canada are cele-brating the launch of the long-await-ed Truthood Services, a daily resource that offers subscribers in-depth coverage of tomorrows top stories.</p><p>Unlike other wire services, Truthood news pieces are researched and written exclusively by its owners, a consortium of anonymous investors.</p><p>I have never seen such brave, investi-gative storytelling in all my years. Truthood has allowed me to spend less time at work and more time with my children, whose names I can now finally remember, says severance-package-winner Burt Singleton, a veteran reporter at the Morning Telegraph and three-time recipient of the Harold-Jones Award for investigative short feature.</p><p>A Truthood subscription offers custom-ers 10 to 20 daily news articles of various lengths with hourly updates.</p><p>Thruthood is primarily concerned with business and politics, but also offers lifestyle and entertainment coverage to subscribers.</p><p>As newsrooms undergo further cutbacks, supporters are saying Truthood is a blessing because it provides honest, transparent content, unfiltered through the hands of increasingly redundant middlemen.</p><p>According to a study released last month by the Franklin Institute, 85 per cent of Canadians believe national news coverage has overt bias. Out of those surveyed, 73 per cent said they would prefer to have unfiltered news administered directly to their cerebral-opinionage. </p><p>During a media address released yester-day on YouTube, a Truthood spokesperson stated that his company is committed to the provision of balanced content, vowing to not waste subscribers money with conspiracies like anthropogenic climate change and rad-ical fringe union movements.</p><p>We have instilled in ourselves the pub-lics trust and we will not let them down. Our news coverage will not be influenced by spe-cial-interest groups with radical agendas, said the spokesperson, appearing shad-owed, and unnamed for security reasons.</p><p>The public demands dependable news coverage of the stories that matter to them. They do not want to go on a fishing exped-ition every morning to get the facts, he continued behind a rostrum. </p><p>The public and the media alike have had their prayers answered.</p><p>Truthood members are well-respected in their communities, and with more than 1,500 collective years of job-creation experience among them, they are sure to be trusted.</p><p>T he advent of so-called native advertising is seen as a new revenue source </p><p>for print and online publications, but readers may find it increasingly difficult to differentiate between editorial content and advertising. </p><p>Native advertisingalso called spon-sored content or content advertisingis paid material presented in the form of a news or feature story. </p><p>The material is often identified dis-creetly as a Special Report or Special Feature, or sometimes even as a joint project between the advertiser and the publication. Type fonts are similar or the same as those of adjacent editorial content. Sometimes the ad is not identified at all, a fact that Kirk LaPointe, executive director of the Organization of News Om-budsmen, says makes them potentially confusing for readers. </p><p>Youve got to have real clarity about what this content is, he says. Youve got to tell the audience that its directly spon-sored and it comes from the behest of a particular advertiser and not at the behest of the newsroom.</p><p> If organizations are not sufficiently clear ... that the material is a paid spot and not something that is generated by jour-nalists or by the newsroom, then it has the potential to really erode the credibility of that organizations news content, because itll appear as a way to mislead the con-sumer, says LaPointe, a former managing editor of the Vancouver Sun.</p><p>Advertising executives say the point is not to confuse or deceive readers. </p><p>The goal is not to have someone look at something that is really an ad and have </p><p>them think its content, says Clayton Moore, director of advertising at the Pacific Newspaper Group (PNG). Moore explains that native advertising is just a a rebranding of advertorials, where ads are also made to resemble stories, and have been used by print publications for a number of years.</p><p>Online native ads can be even more deceptive because they are integrated into regular content. Tucked into the editorials, ad headlines and copy blend seamlessly into what looks like news.</p><p>With declining ad revenues from print, news organizations are seeking new ways to sell advertising online. LaPointe says native ads are gaining popularity because they are effective in connecting advertis-ers to readers. </p><p>Digitally, its becoming hard to really determine the business model thats going </p><p>to make you profit, he says. </p><p>Because this type of adver-tising online is so recent, there is little informa-tion available comparing its effectiveness to, </p><p>for example, online banner ads.Its appearing to be pretty effective, </p><p>and most of the places that study adver-tising online are really pointing towards sponsored content as being a significant trend that is bound to grow in the years to come, says LaPointe. </p><p>But he has concerns about who is assigning and writing native ads, and whether their creation is commingling with the editorial operations of the news-room. According to Moore, advertisers are responsible for writing their own content, but if an advertiser needs help writing an ad, advertising staff can help. Should the trend continue to grow and expand, questions about diverting resources to produce the material are sure to become a contentious issue.</p><p>B y J a m e s m c L a u g h L i n</p><p>B y K a y l a I s o m u r a</p><p>Native advertising is designed to look like editorial. Is it meant to deceive the reader?</p><p> . . . it has the potential to really erode the credibility of that organizations news content . . . </p><p> Kirk LaPointe</p><p>S p e c i a l R e p o R t The greaT preTeNder</p></li><li><p>6 || LANGARA JOURNALISM REVIEW 2014</p><p>Drones are touted as the new surveillance tool for journalists.But whos minding the ethics?</p><p>Photos by Jacquel ine langen</p><p>A bove a grassy field tipped with frost, a translucent object zips above a clutch of bystanders. Gliding through the wind with </p><p>pinpoint precision, bearing four propellers and emitting a sound like a swarm of bees, it looks like it could be from outer space.</p><p>Instead, its Paul Baurs home-crafted Arduino drone. Small, light and equipped with cameras, drones like his may soon swarm our skies. But with regulations and ethics clouding the horizon, journalists with drone-dreams may find themselves grounded. </p><p>As operations director of Vancouver-based North Guardian UAV(unmanned aerial vehicle) Services Canada, Baur has done business with law-enforcement agencies, search-and-rescue organizations and fire departments. </p><p>A hodgepodge of wiring and coloured plastics, Baurs drone is nothing like the sleek, professional models in his companys arsenal. But as it playfully whizzes above, Baur touts the useful-ness of drones, saying theyre capable of revealing dangers and saving lives. </p><p>If theres an industrial fire, we will send out a drone to inspect for hazardous chemicals and read what chemicals are on the property. Fire crews can then determine how to respond, which saves lives, says Baur. They are truly useful tools, for a multi-tude of careers.</p><p>Except journalism, which is one realm thats proven to be too hot for Baurs company. </p><p>Journalism is high risk, quips Baur. Flying over a crowded place for the sake of a news story is not in our interest. He wor-ries that reporters covering riots or crowded events could pose safety liabilities, as well as legal ones. </p><p>All it takes is one well-thrown stone, he cautions. Baurs safety concerns are shared by Vancouver journalist </p><p>Alexandra Gibb. A graduate of the University of British Colum-bias journalism program, Gibb wrote her masters thesis on drone journalism, exploring the possibilities and ramifications of their use. She believes that reporters walk an ethical tightrope when using drones. </p><p>One of my biggest fears is that journalists will adopt drones in uninspired ways. Im a firm believer that tools should never dictate the stories we tell, says Gibb, citing aerial car accident coverage as one potentially tempting situation. Reporters need to ask themselves, is using a drone in the public interest or just sheer entertainment?</p><p>Another fear of Gibbs is that journalists risk losing a personal connection with the people in the images. Images taken from afar of people in distress could cause a loss of context for both the reporter and their audience. </p><p>Just as drones gamified war, theres a risk drones could gami-fy journalism, says Gibb. Its possible journalists could become so immersed in the technology and getting that extreme shot, that they forget why theyre flying the drone in the first place.</p><p>N t a Bird Not a PlaNe</p><p>B y J e r e m y S a l l y</p></li><li><p>L...</p></li></ul>