Langara Journalism Review 2013

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<ul><li><p> Jonathan Manthorpe warns were losing the Canadian perspective</p><p>foreign beat</p><p>Politics and sports are his two great passions. He finds </p><p>theyre not that different</p><p>the little blog that could</p><p>How Vivian Krause broke the secret funding story</p><p>l a n g a r a</p><p>Journalism ReviewSPRING 2013 | No. 17</p><p>LJR 2013_01-FR.indd 1 6/17/13 3:17 PM</p></li><li><p>The spirit of thoughtful, inquiring journalism lives on.</p><p>Arlen Redekop/Courtesy of The Province</p><p>ENDOWMENT CREATES JOURNALISM FELLOWSHIPSThe Jeani Read-Michael Mercer Fellowship for Journalism Students was established to encourage students to continue their pursuit of journalistic excellence through mentorship. This endowed fund provides two fellowships annually for $10,000 each. The successful applicants will receive support for approximately three months while they produce a major work of journalism, such as an in-depth newspaper story, or series of stories suitable for publication in a newspaper, magazine, or on the web. Journalism students may apply for this award in their final term. Fellowships will be awarded in the Spring. For more information visit www.langara.bc.ca/journalism. </p><p>Jeani Read was The Provinces first full-time rock critic, former lifestyles columnist and lifestyles reporter. Jeanis socially conscious columns were collected into a book called Endless Summers and Other Shared Hallucinations in 1985. Jeani passed away of cancer on December 21, 2007.</p><p>2012 FELLOWSHIP RECIPIENTS: Jules Knox Project: A series for The Vancouver Province about e-health and how its changing our future. Electronic health records streamline patient information into a single file thats easily shared between health-care practitioners using cloud-based software. What will that mean to the notion of privacy? The projects mentoris former Province news editor John Fuller.</p><p>Steven Chua Project: A series for CBC Radio British Columbia on how mental illness affects BCs ethnic communities. Studies suggest that people from visible minorities fail to get diagnosed with mental problems as frequently as the rest of the general population, despite experts assertions that these issues are just as prevalent in their communities. The projects mentor is CBC producer Pamela Post.</p><p>LJR 2013 02.indd 1 6/17/13 12:15 PM</p></li><li><p>LANGARA JOURNALISM REVIEW 2013 || 3</p><p>Copy editors cut The unsung heroes of the newsroom are being squeezed out by centralization.</p><p>by Ley Doctor 6</p><p>The cost of free Revenue-hungry dailies are calling it a wrapan ad wrap. At what cost?</p><p>by Jake Hewer5</p><p>INDEXIssue No.17 | Spring 2013</p><p>In briefIn depthIn short</p><p>Fight or flightFreelance writer Daniel Wood leads the charge against contract bullies.</p><p>by Michelle Gamage8</p><p>Money meterTraditional news outlets bank </p><p>on selling news online. by Carly Smith</p><p>7</p><p>Suicide coverage reconsideredB.C. news groups ponder policy changes </p><p>after a call for more sensitive reporting.by Stacy Thomas`</p><p>15</p><p>The little blog that could Vivian Krauses revelations created a story </p><p>most newsrooms missed. by Sam Reynolds</p><p>12</p><p>Police cop-out?Canadian law officers not so chatty </p><p>as their U.S. counterparts. by Michael Letendre</p><p>16</p><p>Last wordTechnology revolution: the computer chip </p><p>is mightier than the sword. by Audrey McKinnon</p><p>38</p><p>Copycat career killer To attribute or not to attribute? In </p><p>journalism, what constitutes plagiarism? by Michelle Gamage</p><p>34</p><p>Magazine musings Veteran writer and editor Gary Ross offers </p><p>his thoughts on the future of long-form. by Stacy Thomas</p><p>10</p><p>Pulling the plugAutomotive writers accused of bias </p><p>against the electric car. by Brandon Reid </p><p>16</p><p>More layoffs, less news?Editorial cutbacks means fewer reporters are chasing the news.</p><p>by Jake Hewer30</p><p>Call-centre bluesWhy that annoying dinner-time call </p><p>may be good for journalism.by Audrey McKinnon</p><p>25</p><p>Locked out, locked inWhen theres no NHL hockey what </p><p>do hockey writers write about? by Ross Armour</p><p>17</p><p>Mason of the GlobeGary Mason has spent most of his life writing about politics and sports. </p><p>Theyre both a game.by Cara McKenna</p><p>20</p><p>Harold Munro Q&amp;AThe Suns editor-in-chief tackles the challenges of todays newsoom. </p><p>He misses reporting.by Cara McKenna</p><p>36</p><p>Printers progressIn this age of electronic communication </p><p>how fares Gutenbergs machine?by Stacy Thomas</p><p>29</p><p>Overseas is out of date. Just another street protest?by Carly Rhianna Smith 18 by Cara McKenna 31</p><p>LJRIndex.indd 1 6/17/13 12:20 PM</p></li><li><p>4 || LANGARA JOURNALISM REVIEW 2013</p><p>Two years ago this group of aspiring journalists all started on the same path. </p><p>We were hungry to learn about this thing called journalism, and J-school was the first step. Through hard work, dedication and long nights in the news-room, we are ready to step out into the world no longer as students, but as trained journalists: the watchdogs of society.</p><p>The world of media is in a constant state of evolution, and while our formal training has come to a close our education is far from complete. </p><p>We are entering the media industry at a time of profound change. Layoffs are be-coming more common as newsrooms re-duce staff. Jobs are being centralized to a single region of the country, to be done by fewer people. Some smaller news organiz-ations are closing altogether.</p><p> The Internet and other digital media are becoming increasingly important for journalists as more news outlets adopt these methods of delivery. </p><p>Journalism ethics have also come under under scutiny this past year. Several journalists have been accused of plagiar-ism, with some in the industry now calling for more rigorous standards. As well, the lines between journalism and marketing are becoming blurred as writers are ac-cepting free merchandise in exchange for positive reviews, and some magazines are selling so-called editorial supportwith advertisers paying for stories that mas-querade as journalism. </p><p>Our job is not only to be mindful of what information we report, but also how we report it. As journalists we wield a tre-mendous amount of power, and it is cru-cial that we remember the responsibility that comes with it. </p><p>Despite all this, the future of journal-ism seems bright. Change is inevitable, yet we feel we are ready to take part in the evo-lution of the industry. </p><p> Clayton Paterson</p><p>Editors noteLangara JournaLism review</p><p>an annuaL review of JournaLism trends and issues in western CanadaproduCed by JournaLism students at Langara CoLLege,100 west 49th avenuevanCouver, b.C. v5y 2Z6 JournaLism.review@Langara.bC.Cawww.LJr.Ca</p><p>SaScha PorteouSchief PhotograPher</p><p>advertiSing manager</p><p>michelle gamagePhoto editor</p><p>PhotograPher</p><p>omar ShariffcoPy chief</p><p>Page editor</p><p>ley doctorweb editor</p><p>Page/coPy editor</p><p>brandon reidart director</p><p>audrey mcKinnonPhotograPher</p><p>Page editor</p><p>Stacy thomaSPage editorcoPy editor</p><p>JaKe hewerPage editor</p><p>carly rhianna SmithcoPy editor</p><p>roSS armourwriter</p><p>aShley vienSmanaging editor</p><p>Production editor</p><p>cara mcKennanewS editor</p><p>clayton PaterSoneditor-in-chief</p><p>Publisher/instructor: rob dykstraDesign/Web consultant: Fiona roughcontributing artists: shannon wiLLiams, audrey mCkinnon Writers: ross armour, Ley doCtor, miCheLLe gamage, Jake hewer, miChaeL Letendre, Cara mCkenna, audrey mCkinnon, brandon reid, CarLy rhianna smith, sam reynoLds, staCy thomas </p><p>LJR 2013_04.indd 1 6/17/13 12:21 PM</p></li><li><p>LANGARA JOURNALISM REVIEW 2013 || 5</p><p>While front page ad-vertisements are nothing new in the newspaper business, wrapping the news in ads is becoming increasingly com-mon as the industry seeks to find new ways to counter de-clining revenues. Ad wraps, a four-page advertisement that replaces front and back pages, started popping up a few years ago with the rise of free com-muter dailies such as Metro News and 24 Hours. </p><p>Since these are free news-papers and all their revenue relies on advertising, ad wraps make a lot of sense financial-ly. But what do they do for the credibility of newspapers?</p><p>Philip Tan, general man-ager of 24 Hours Vancouver, believes ad wraps are not only necessary for free dailies, but also for the future of the indus-try itself if newspapers want to continue making a profit.</p><p>I think the industry gets a little set in its ways, if you will, and the options become very limited, he says. We presented options [ad wraps] to the advertisers and they re-sponded very well.</p><p>Paid circulation dailies and community papers have since followed suit. While Tan be-lieves ad wraps are a necessity, he insists he wont compromise the newspapers integrity in or-der to please advertisers.</p><p>You dont want to pursue revenues at all costs, you have a responsibility to the public as to what your product is about, </p><p>he says. And we are a news or-ganization first and foremost.</p><p>Ada Slivinski, a reporter at 24 Hours Vancouver, doesnt think ad wraps affect the cred-ibility of the news, but she does acknowledge that reporters and editors have to be cautious about story placement.</p><p>If we are getting advertising dollars from a certain person, you have to be careful about what pages you run a story on, or else youll lose that advertiser, that revenue, she says.</p><p>From a reporters perspec-tive, basically theres no way around that. We are glad to have the advertisers . . . if it wasnt for them, we wouldnt be making any money at all.</p><p>So while it makes sense that free dailies need that revenue to survive, why do more serious dailies such as the Vancouver Sun and The Province use ad wraps?</p><p>Its as simple as money, says Harold Munro, editor-in-chief of the Vancouver Sun. He be-lieves front-page ads are a neces-sity and people should be able to get past them without judging the credibility of the news.</p><p>I think most readers appre-ciate the financial challenges fa-cing newspapers, television and other media. They accept the need to sell advertising to help pay for quality journalism.</p><p>The credibility of the news-paper does not suffer as long as advertising is clearly labelled as such, Munro says. Transpar-ency is critical. N</p><p>The cost of free</p><p>by JAKE HEWERillustration by AUDREY McKINNON</p><p>You dont want to pursue revenues at all costs, </p><p>You have a responsibility to the public as to what Your </p><p>product is about. </p><p> philip tan, GM of 24 hours vancouver</p><p>Does wrapping the newspaper in aDvertising jeoparDize its creDibility?</p><p>LJR 2013_05.indd 1 6/17/13 12:23 PM</p></li><li><p>6 || LANGARA JOURNALISM REVIEW 2013</p><p>Daily papers are shedding copy editors as part of budget cutbacks and a move to centralize the work of the editorial staffers who are sometimes described as the unsung heroes of the newsroom. These journalists, who are seldom in the public eye but do much of the behind-the-scenes work fixing fact and lan-guage errors, maintaining style, laying out pages, writing snappy headlinesare a becoming rarity in local newsrooms.</p><p>Postmedia News, which operates under the corporate name Postmedia Network Inc., owns and runs 11 Canadian daily pa-pers, including the Vancouver Sun and The Province, as well as papers in Edmonton, Calgary, Ottawa and Montreal. The com-pany launched its central editorial hub last summer in Hamilton. Here, much of the editing and layout is done for its dailies, which span several time zones across the country.</p><p>Postmedia now likes to describe itself as a content creator and a content repackager, providing various editorial services for its member papers.</p><p>What were trying to do as a company is to make sure that papers have got the time and resources to focus on their local community and we do that in part by trying to take these other things off the plate, explains Christina Spencer, managing editor of Postmedia News. </p><p>Postmedias model is to cover national and world news for multiple newspapers in the chain. The companys Ottawa bureau is its largest with reporters covering federal politics for member papers. Postmedia similarly deploys its journalists to cover for-eign and specialized beats such as the arts, health, crime, sports and business. </p><p>What theyre trying to do in Hamilton is both centralize, but not centralize too much, says Spencer. They have someone in Hamilton who is dedicated to your paper, and theyre looking at all the central copy that comes in to one place. Theyre trying to determine what would work best and slotting those pages for them. </p><p>Communication between the Hamilton facility and the indi-vidual papers is crucial, says Spencer. </p><p>You want to make sure that papers have full control over the local copy. Theyre the experts on whats happening in their own town or their own city. </p><p>It is not known just how many copy editing positions have been lost in Canada. In a U.S. survey, the American Society of </p><p>News Editors found that between 2008 and 2012 there was a 46 per cent reduction in the number of copy editors in U.S. news-rooms, from 10,664 to 5,675.</p><p>While smaller-circulation community newspapers tradition-ally have not had a designated copy editing positionediting and layout is usually done by the managing editor or reporterssome other publications are also seeing reductions in this area.</p><p>Amanda Growe, copy chief at Vancouvers Georgia Straight, an entertainment-oriented weekly, says the Straight has reduced copy editors by attrition. An editor who leaves is not replaced. Weve been really fortunate in that we havent had layoffs, she says, noting that the same has been happening in the papers other departments. </p><p>Growe says here its not a question of centralization. I mean its definitely a different situation at the Straight in </p><p>terms of that, since were just one stand-alone publication owned by one family. </p><p>She does lament the reduction of copy editors generally, and feels that these journalists are sometimes under-appreciated.</p><p> The tricky thing about editing is that if its done well, you dont notice it, she says. As a reader, the ideal situation is that you arent aware of the editing so maybe because of the nature there is that aspect of invisibility. </p><p>While newsroom copy editing positions may be in decline, Growe believes that there is still work for those with editing skills. Theres a bit of piecing together of work right now as jobs arent so plentiful. Theres not a ton of really obvious work; its more finding it in unusual places. </p><p>David Ryning, who has edited copy at the Edmonton Journal for seven years, actually started as a proofreader, a position now mostly gone from the newsroom. </p><p>Weve had quite a change, he says. Our newsroom is quite a bit smaller than it used to be. Its down to five or six of us on the news side.</p><p>Ryning and his colleagues handle the local news and ensure that their long-distance co-workers at the centralized Hamilton facility know which story is the most important one on a given page, and where the artwork belongs.</p><p>Its really changed the way the business works, says Ryning. I think its the new reality of our business. The economics of having a full newsroom in each city might not work. &amp;</p><p>Cutting the Copy Editor </p><p>By Ley Doctor</p><p>The unsung heroes of The newsroom ride inTo The sunseT as dailies cenTralize </p><p>LJRpage06.indd 1 6/17/13 12:25 PM</p></li><li><p>The advenT of online news and reduc-tions in print advertising have forced media organiz...</p></li></ul>