landasan akademis aerocity

Download Landasan Akademis Aerocity

Post on 29-Oct-2015

133 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Aerocity / aerotropolis

TRANSCRIPT

  • Landasan Teoritis

    Konsep Dasar

    Peran Aero City / Aerotropolis

    Tahapan PengembanganTahapan Pengembangan

    Jenis Kegiatan di Aero City/Aerotropolis

    Konsep Rencana Tata Ruang

    Dasar Pertimbangan Pengembangan Pola Ruang

    Tantangan Pengembangan

    Pembiayaan

  • Konsep Dasar

    Definisi

    An aerotropolis is an

    urban complex whose

    Analogous in shape to the

    traditional metropolis made up

    2Sumber : Aerotropolis: The Way Well Live Next? Interview with John D. Kasarda, ATLANTIS - MAGAZINE BY

    POLIS - PLATFORM FOR URBANISM, #22.3 December 2011).

    urban complex whose

    layout, infrastructure

    and economy are

    centered on an airport.

    traditional metropolis made up

    of a central city and its rings of

    commuter- heavy suburbs, the

    aerotropolis consists of an

    airport city core and outlying

    corridors and clusters of

    aviation-linked businesses and

    associated residential

    developments.

  • Jenis Aerotropolis

    1. Airport-lead land use planning exercise In the case of these Aerotropoli, an airport owned vast

    tracts of land adjacent to its facility or within the fence of its facility. At some point, the Airport

    decided that it must create an intelligent development model for its land and facilities in order to

    maximize value. Communities in which airports lead their Aerotropolis effort include Dallas- Ft.

    Worth, Denver, Huntsville, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, and Tulsa.

    2. Chamber of Commerce-lead economic development efforts In an attempt to enhance the

    economic competitiveness of the community that they serve, various chambers of

    commercehave identified their airport as an economic engine that would benefit from

    Aerotropolis coordination. Chambers of Commerce coordinate the Aerotropolis development in

    Memphis, Jacksonville, Kansas City, Piedmont Triad, Phoenix-Mesa, and St. Louis.Memphis, Jacksonville, Kansas City, Piedmont Triad, Phoenix-Mesa, and St. Louis.

    3. Private carrier hub cities Certain communities are fortunate to be major hubs or headquarters of

    private air cargo carriers. These communities experience many spin-off commercial benefitsfrom

    the presence of such carriers, though with some external coordination of the Aerotropolisexists.

    These communities include Huntsville (Panalpina), Louisville (UPS), and Memphis(FedEx).

    4. Traditional port communities Certain communities have traditionally been hubs of

    transportation activity, primarily being developed along railroads or waterways.

    Thesecommunities have maintained a legacy of transportation employment and activity, and as

    such,have attempted to leverage these assets into air cargo development near their airports.

    Thesecommunities include Chicago, Detroit, Duluth, Jacksonville, Kansas City, Louisville,

    Memphis, and Toledo.

    Sumber : Aerotropolis Governance Case Study Analysis, Aerotropolis Governance Comparison and Case Study Analysis, Prepared

    by Jim Tarantino, The Gateway to Milwaukee.3

  • Konsep Dasar

    Aerotropolis Schematic

    4

  • Konsep Dasar

    Kegiatan di Dalam dan Luar Bandara di Aerotropolis

    5

  • Konsep Dasar

    Taoyuan Taiwan version of Airport City Schematic

    6

  • Peran Aero City/Aerotropolis

    Gateway to Accelerate Regional Economic Development

    7

  • Peran Aero City/Aerotropolis

    Dampak Ekonomi dari Penerbangan Komersial

    8Sumber : Looking in all the wrong places? Catalytic effects in the context of product cycle theory.

    Stephen J. Appold and John D. Kasarda

  • Tahapan Pengembangan

    9

  • Faktor Utama Pengembangan Aero City/Aerotropolis

    Airport City Success Factors

    10Sumber : Sustainable Airport Region, Managing Airport Cities: Benchmark Study 2008, Stephanie Betz

  • Faktor Utama Pengembangan Aero City/Aerotropolis

    Key Factors That Facilitate Airport-Centric Development

    11National Airspace System - Airport-centric Development

  • Faktor Utama Pengembangan Aero City/Aerotropolis

    Rangkuman Faktor-Faktor Penggerak Perkembangan Aero City

    1. Long-haul jet aircraft connecting people, products, and enterprises world-wide.

    2. Supply chain processes where parts and components are manufactured in a half-dozen different

    countries, assembled in a seventh country and distributed to a multitude of others.

    3. The growth of world tourism.

    4. Must have it now consumer age.

    5. Air cargo was the primary driver.

    6. Rapid passenger and cargo growth.

    7. New economy products (typically small, light, compact, high value-to-weight parts, components

    and assembled products) are increasingly shipped internationally by air in a fast and agile and assembled products) are increasingly shipped internationally by air in a fast and agile

    manner.

    8. The huge volume of time-critical products (including perishables) such as micro-electronics,

    pharmaceuticals, medical devices and aerospace equipment traversing international

    boundaries by air annually has resulted in air cargo accounting for approximately 35% of the

    value of todays world trade.

    9. In order to gain a competitive advantage through the speedy global supply-chain connectivity

    that air cargo provides, high-tech manufacturers and other time-critical industries are locating at

    sites around or accessible to well-connected airports.

    10. As their suppliers and logistics providers co-locate, they drive additional investment and

    employment growth in airport regions.

    12

  • Jenis Kegiatan di Aero City/Aerotropolis Example of Air and Surface Connectivity Benefitting Manufacturing, Repair, and Training

    13

  • Jenis Kegiatan di Aero City/Aerotropolis

    Synopsis of Logistics Clusters

    14

  • Jenis Kegiatan di Aero City/Aerotropolis

    Kegiatan Terkait Keberadaan Bandara

    1. Core aeronautical activities are part of the

    technical operation of the airport, directly

    supporting the air traffic function.

    1. Kegiatan inti

    penerbangan.

    2. A relation to air-freight or air-passenger

    movements, (e.g., logistics and

    distribution activities or terminal retail

    and hotels). Their competitiveness and/or

    business revenues are closely tied to the

    scale of air traffic.irport-related activities

    2. Kegiatan terkait

    dengan bandara

    yang berhubungan

    dengan pergerakan

    penumpang dan

    barang.

    15

    scale of air traffic.irport-related activities

    have a direct

    barang.

    3. Airport-oriented activities choose the

    airport area because of the image of the

    airport and its typically excellent ground

    accessibility. The price of land and

    surface connectivity, rather than relation

    to air traffic, are key the factors in

    determining those activities locating in

    the airport area.

    3. Kegiatan

    berorientasi

    bandara.

  • Jenis Kegiatan di Aero City/Aerotropolis

    Rantai Keterkaitan Aktivitas Ekonomi

    16

  • Konsep Rencana Tata Ruang

    Konsep Struktur Ruang

    Analogous in shape to the traditional metropolis made

    up of a central city core and its rings of commuter-

    heavy suburbs, the aerotropolis consists of an airport-

    centred commercial core (airport city) and outlying

    corridors and clusters of aviation-linked businesses and

    associated residential development.associated residential development.

    17

  • Konsep Rencana Tata Ruang

    Konsep Pola Ruang

    1. The Aerotropolis incorporates aviation-linked business and industrial clusters at and around airports

    and along airport access corridors.

    2. The aerotropolis has both spatial and functional forms. Its spatial form consists of aviation- oriented

    businesses and their associated residential developments which cluster around airports and

    outward along connecting transport corridors generating observable physical features. The

    functional form consists of a more diffuse airport-integrated economic region whose businesses are

    as closely linked to distant suppliers, custom ers, and enterprise partners as they are to those in

    their own region.

    3. Corporate headquarter functions. The full-range of office services and business support staff of a

    traditional corporate complex are available, including meeting rooms, computers and advanced

    telecom, secretarial and tech assistance.

    4. Retail mall concepts have been merged into passenger terminals. Airport property beyond the

    terminal is being developed with hotel and entertainment facilities, conference and exhibition

    complexes, shopping centers, office buildings, and logistics and free trade zones. Airports also

    frequently offer complementary sets of facilities for airport and airline employees (such as day

    care centers and health clinics), as well as commercially serve residents in the local market area.

    5. Cluster, rather than strip development, should be encouraged along airport transportation corridors

    with sufficient green space between clusters. Residential mixed-use developments for airport area

    workers and frequent air travelers should be designed to human scale, encouraging social

    interaction and sense of neighborhood. In short, aerotropolis development and smart growth

    should go hand-in-hand.

    18

  • Konsep Rencana Tata Ruang

    Konsep