Land Use and Land Cover Change

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Land Use and Land Cover Change. Isaac Gerg. Land Cover & Usage. Timeline History Playing Field Visible Multispectral Hyperspectral SAR. 2008. 2004. 2003. 2002. 2001. 2000. 2013 - VIIRS 2011 - EnMap 2009 TanDEM-X 2008 - GeoEye-1 2008 - ARTEMIS 2007 - Worldview-1 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Land Use and Land Cover ChangeIsaac Gerg

  • Land Cover & UsageTimelineHistoryPlaying FieldVisibleMultispectralHyperspectralSAR

  • 186018701880189019001910192019301940197019801990200020082013 - VIIRS 2011 - EnMap 2009 TanDEM-X 2008 - GeoEye-1 2008 - ARTEMIS 2007 - Worldview-1 2007 TerraSAR-X 2007 RADARSAT-2 2006 PALSAR 2006 - Kompsat-2 2004 - FORMOSAT-2 2003 Orbview 3 2003 LISS-3 2002 - NEMO 2002 MERIS 2002 - ASAR 2001 Quickbird 2001 Orbview-4 2001 CHRIS 2000 Hyperion 2000 ALI 1999 MODIS 1999 MISR 1999 Landsat-7 1999 Kompsat-1 1999 Ikonos 1999 ASTER 1997 Orbview 2 1995 RADARSAT-1 1995 ATSR 1994 SIR-C/X-SAR 1992 JERS-1 1991 AMI 1987 Seasat 1986 SPOT 1978 AVHRR 1972 Landsat 1 2001200220032004

  • 1858: First aerial pictures by French photographer and balloonist Nada over Paris, France.1959: Explorer 6 takes first satellite image of earth. 1972: Birth of Landsat and birth of spaceborne MSI.1972: Blue Marble from Apollo 17.1977: KH-11 series satellites give first near real-time imagery.2007: Worldview-1 has current lowest commercial GSD @ 0.5m for a satellite.

    History

  • The Playing Field (m)Sample MSISample HSI

  • Visible (Spaceborne)Iknonos, Quickbird, Explorer 6 (1959), KH (197), WorldView-1 Multispectral (Spaceborne)Landsat, MODIS, ALI, MISR, SPOT (86 2002, 5 satellites)Hyperspectral (Satellite)HyperionTacSat-3SAR (Spaceborne)SIR-C/X-SAR (1994), SRTM(2000), TerraSAR XTODO (insert more of these here)Hyperspectral (Airborne)AVIRIS (1994), HyDICE (210 bands 400-2500nm), ARCHER

    Synopsis of Imagery Sensors

  • Visible Wavelength Sensors

  • Houston, TX 10/07 via Worldview-1

  • Houston, TX 10/07 via Worldview-1

  • Visible Light SensorsIkonos (1999): 1m resolutionQuickbird (2001): 60cm resolutionWorldview-1 (2007): 50 cm resolutionGeoEye-1 (aka OrbView-5) (2008): 41cm resolution.Orbview 2, 3 (2997, 2003) 3 is now out of commissionFORMOSAT-2 (2004) (Twain) 2m resolution.Kompsat-1 (1999) Korea 6m resolution.Kompsat-2 (2006) Korea 1m resolution

  • Utility of MSI NDVICrop growth stageFire detectionSurface TemperatureLandcover usage (NLCD)Deforestation monitoringMineral mappingSoil Brightness Index (SBI)Green Vegetation Index (GVI)

  • Multispectral Sensors

  • Land Cover Classification

  • MODIS Fire Map

  • MODIS NDVI

  • Multispectral SensorsLandsat (1972-1999)MODIS (1999, 2002) aboard Terra and Aqua satellites.ALI (2000) aboard EO-1MISR (1999) aboard Terra, multi-angle look imagery.SPOT (1986-2002) France.ASTER (1999) aboard TerraMERIS (2002) aboard Envisat.ATSR (1995) aboard ERS-2AVHRR (1978-88) aboard NOAA POS.VIIRS (2013) aboard NPOESSLISS-3/4 (2003) aboard IRS-P6 (aka ResourceSat-1, India).

  • Sats launched 1972-19997 satellites (Landsat 6 failed to reach orbit)Only 5 and 7 still functioningMultispectral (MSS) on Landsat 1-5Thematic Mapper (TM) sensor on Landsat 4 & 50.45 um 2.35um + thermal band (10.4-12.5)Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM+) on Landsat 7Landsat 1: 18 day revisit, RBV, MSSLandsat 2: 18 day revisit, RBV, MSSLandsat 3: 18 day revisit, RBV, MSS, first with thermal band Landsat 4: 16 day revisit, TM, MSS, 30m max resolutionLandsat 5: TM, MSS, 16 day revisit, provide global archive of satellite photos, TMLandsat 7 (ETM+, 16 day revisit, 15m resolution panchromatic, 60m thermal resolution, Current, cloud free imagery)ETM+ has 8 bands including thermal

    Landsat Program

  • Utility of HSIMaterial abundance maps (MAMs)Subpixel detectionAutomatic target recognition (ATR)Crop healthCrop type

  • Hyperspectral Sensors

  • Mineral Maps of Cuprite, NV

  • MAM from Moffett Field, CA

  • Hyperspectral SensorsHyperion (2000) aboard EO-1220 bandsARTEMIS (2008) aboard TacSat-3~400 bandsEnMap (2011) GermanyARIES (Australian)NEMO (NRL) Cancelled 2002Orbview-4 (2001) failed to orbit.CHRIS (2001) aboard PROBA-1 (ESA)

  • Utility of SARPolarizationAll weatherDEMUrban densitySoil moistureCrop type

  • SAR Sensors

  • SIR-C/X-SAR SAR Examples

  • Questions?

  • ReferencesSee slide notes.

  • SAR SensorsSeasat (1987) First spaceborne SAR - NASASIR-C/X-SAR (1994) aboard shuttleJERS-1 (1992) Japan (returned to earth in 1998)RADARSAT-1,2 (1995, 2007) CanadaASAR (2002) aboard Envisat (ESA)AMI (1991,95) aboard ERS-1/2. PALSAR (2006) aboard ALOS (JAEA)TerraSAR-X (2007) GermanTanDEM-X (2009) Germany (DEM)

  • ERSEuropean remote sensing satelliteERS-1: 1991, ERS-2: 1995Ers-1Radar altimiter, Radiometer, SAR, Wind scatterometer, MWR (microwave radiometer)ERS-2GOME (Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment) Added Radiometer bands for vegatation / chlorphyll analysis.Sucessor is ENVISAT

  • ENVISAT35 day revisit Launched 2002ASAR, MERIS (MEdium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer), AATSR (Advanced Along Track Scanning Radiometer), RA-2 (Radar Altimeter 2), MWR, DORIS (Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite, Used for accurate orbit position 10cm), GOMOS (Global Ozone Monitoring by Occultation of Stars), MIPAS (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding), SCIAMACHY (SCanning Imaging Absorption spectroMeter for Atmospheric CHartographY)

  • Airborne PhotographyFirst = French photographer and balloonist Nadar in 1858 over Paris, FranceAirborne Real-time Cueing Hyperspectral Enhanced Reconnaissance (ARCHER)

  • MODISMODIS (Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) 1999, 2002 (Terra and Aqua)36 bands (0.4 m to 14.4 m)

  • MiscellaneousBlue marbleApollo 171972

  • Commercial Imagery TodayIkonos (2000)GeoEye0.8m-4m resolution, MS and PAN, 144 day revisit for true nadir3-5 day revist for off-nadirOrbview-2,3 (1997, 2003 respectively)GeoEyeOrbview 2 has NASAS SeaWiFS stands for Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor.Quickbird (2001)60sm resolutionPAN and MS

  • EO SatsMODIS36 bands covering 0.4 m to 14.4 mHyperion220 bandsALI8 bandsMISR (Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer) (1999, NASA)9 cameras (multiangle)ASTER15 bands MSS, Stereo

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satellite_imagery*http://www.coseti.org/atmosphe.htmhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SRTMHYperspectral Digital Imagery Collection Experimenthttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SPOT_%28satellites%29http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TerraSAR-X*http://itt.com/news/news_101507.asphttp://www.satimagingcorp.com/satellite-sensors/worldview-1.htmlhttp://www.asprs.org/publications/pers/2001journal/june/highlight.htmlhttp://activefiremaps.fs.fed.us/recent3.phphttp://modis-atmos.gsfc.nasa.gov/NDVI/Images/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landsat_programhttp://landsat.gsfc.nasa.gov/about/tm.htmlMultispectral Scanner (MSS)

    *DNO did no orbithttp://www.geog.utah.edu/~pdennison/geog3110_img/cuprite95.jpg

    http://public.ccsds.org/sites/databases/missions.aspxCHRIS: http://www.esa.int/esaMI/Proba_web_site/ESARBKTHN6D_0.html

    http://www.thespacereview.com/archive/790a.jpg

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Remote-Sensing_Satellite*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EnvisatASAR = Advance SAR

    *http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Airborne_Real-time_Cueing_Hyperspectral_Enhanced_Reconnaissance

    *http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MODIS*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_Marble*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IKONOS*

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