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  • 1STATE CRIMESTATE CRIME

    Shoah* Shoah* -- The HolocaustThe HolocaustThe Nazis and the JewsThe Nazis and the Jews

    * Hebrew term meaning * Hebrew term meaning calamitycalamity, used in preference to Holocaust derived from , used in preference to Holocaust derived from the Greek, meaning the Greek, meaning completely burnedcompletely burned

    THE PATH TO GENOCIDETHE PATH TO GENOCIDE AntiAnti--Semitic (specifically, antiSemitic (specifically, anti--Jewish) sentiment Jewish) sentiment

    dates back thousands of years.dates back thousands of years. Much of the Jewish Diaspora settled in Europe on Much of the Jewish Diaspora settled in Europe on

    expulsion from Judea in & after the Roman Empire.expulsion from Judea in & after the Roman Empire. Persecution of Persecution of -- and violence against and violence against -- the Jews was the Jews was

    a regular feature in different parts of Europe at a regular feature in different parts of Europe at different points in time. In medieval times, Jews had different points in time. In medieval times, Jews had been brutally treated in England on occasions. Later, been brutally treated in England on occasions. Later, in the nineteenth & early twentieth centuries, several in the nineteenth & early twentieth centuries, several European regimes remained antiEuropean regimes remained anti--Semitic especially Semitic especially Poland and Russia (and subsequently the USSR), Poland and Russia (and subsequently the USSR), while in France, the Dreyfuss affair exposed official while in France, the Dreyfuss affair exposed official antianti--Semitic behaviour.Semitic behaviour.

    PseudoPseudo--scientific methods were frequently used to scientific methods were frequently used to seek intellectual respectability for such views.seek intellectual respectability for such views.

    Genocide is not a recent phenomenon:Genocide is not a recent phenomenon:Armenia Armenia -- the forgotten Holocaustthe forgotten Holocaust

    RespectableRespectable antianti--Semitism?Semitism?Martin Heidegger, academic and Martin Heidegger, academic and

    philosopher, 1889philosopher, 1889--19761976

    Martin Niemoeller, 1892Martin Niemoeller, 1892--19841984

    UU--boat ace of WWIboat ace of WWI Theologian and pastorTheologian and pastor ConservativeConservative Early supporter of HitlerEarly supporter of Hitler Later opponent of the regime Later opponent of the regime

    over suppression of religious over suppression of religious freedom and imprisonedfreedom and imprisoned

    Controversial postControversial post--war figurewar figure Peace campaignerPeace campaigner

    This would be a factor in why so many were so easily This would be a factor in why so many were so easily exterminated in countries later occupied by Germany.exterminated in countries later occupied by Germany.

    While terrible, persecution seldom led to pogroms While terrible, persecution seldom led to pogroms still less to anything more organised, systematic and still less to anything more organised, systematic and sustained such as a genocide.sustained such as a genocide.

    In Germany and Austria, antiIn Germany and Austria, anti--semiticsemitic feeling was also feeling was also established but, as in other countries, while often established but, as in other countries, while often distrusted in some quarters, Jews continued to play an distrusted in some quarters, Jews continued to play an important in public and commercial life.important in public and commercial life.

    The National Socialist Workers Party of Germany The National Socialist Workers Party of Germany (the Nazi Party) was formed in the aftermath of (the Nazi Party) was formed in the aftermath of GermanyGermanys defeat in the First World War.s defeat in the First World War.

    PrePre--existing antiexisting anti--semiticsemitic sentiments would be a factor sentiments would be a factor in why so many were so easily exterminated in in why so many were so easily exterminated in countries later occupied by Germany.countries later occupied by Germany.

  • 2 While terrible, persecution seldom led to pogroms While terrible, persecution seldom led to pogroms still less to anything more organised, systematic and still less to anything more organised, systematic and sustained such as a genocide.sustained such as a genocide.

    In Germany and Austria, antiIn Germany and Austria, anti--Semitic feeling was Semitic feeling was also established but, as in other countries, while often also established but, as in other countries, while often distrusted in some quarters, Jews continued to play an distrusted in some quarters, Jews continued to play an important in public and commercial life.important in public and commercial life.

    The National Socialist Workers Party of Germany The National Socialist Workers Party of Germany (the Nazi Party) was formed in the aftermath of (the Nazi Party) was formed in the aftermath of GermanyGermanys defeat in the First World War.s defeat in the First World War.

    Comprising a mix of disaffected individuals from Comprising a mix of disaffected individuals from military, ultramilitary, ultra-- nationalists, racial theorists, nationalists, racial theorists, eugenicists, antieugenicists, anti--communists and others, the Nazis communists and others, the Nazis were ideologically hostile to Jews seeing them as part were ideologically hostile to Jews seeing them as part of a wider communist/ of a wider communist/ bolshevickbolshevick conspiracy against conspiracy against Germany and the German people.Germany and the German people.

    In In Mein KampfMein Kampf (My Struggle), written during his (My Struggle), written during his period in prison following the failed Munich period in prison following the failed Munich PutschPutschin 1923, Hitler, the leader of the Nazis, railed against in 1923, Hitler, the leader of the Nazis, railed against the enemies of Germany, including those who had the enemies of Germany, including those who had betrayedbetrayed the country the country the politics of the the politics of the stab in the stab in the backback

    Hitler reserved his greatest venom for the Jews.Hitler reserved his greatest venom for the Jews. Nazi party newspapers such as Nazi party newspapers such as Der SturmerDer Sturmer and, and,

    later, later, Volkischer BeobachterVolkischer Beobachter, regularly carried the , regularly carried the most virulent antimost virulent anti--Semitic propaganda.Semitic propaganda.

    The Weimar Republic, established in Germany after The Weimar Republic, established in Germany after 1919, was a weak democracy which was widely 1919, was a weak democracy which was widely discredited in the eyes of many Germans, being discredited in the eyes of many Germans, being associated with the humiliating Versailles Treaty, the associated with the humiliating Versailles Treaty, the great inflation of 1923, and the worsening depression great inflation of 1923, and the worsening depression 6 million unemployed.6 million unemployed.

    Der StuermerDer StuermerPortrayals of JewsPortrayals of Jews

    Der Der StStrmerrmerPortrayals of JewsPortrayals of Jews

    Portrayals of Jews, 1930Portrayals of Jews, 1930They fight and the Jew grinsThey fight and the Jew grins

    Portrayals of Jews, 1931Portrayals of Jews, 1931The Worm The Worm Where something is Where something is

    rotten, the Jew is the causerotten, the Jew is the cause

  • 3Portrayals of Jews, 1931Portrayals of Jews, 1931Buy from the Jews, betray your peopleBuy from the Jews, betray your people

    Portrayals of Jews, 1933Portrayals of Jews, 1933RevengeRevenge

    Portrayals of Jews, 1933Portrayals of Jews, 1933Away with himAway with him

    Der StDer Strmerrmer, 1934, 1934Jewish Murder Plan against Gentile Jewish Murder Plan against Gentile

    Humanity RevealedHumanity Revealed

    In General Elections in the late 1920s and 1930s, the In General Elections in the late 1920s and 1930s, the Nazis increased their share of the popular vote.Nazis increased their share of the popular vote.

    In the 1932 Election, although not an outright victor, In the 1932 Election, although not an outright victor, fearful of the Communist alternatives, and believing fearful of the Communist alternatives, and believing that the that the Austrian corporalAustrian corporal could be easily managed, could be easily managed, the Reich President, Field Marshall Hindenburg the Reich President, Field Marshall Hindenburg invited Hitler to form a government. A number of invited Hitler to form a government. A number of minor parties joined.minor parties joined.

    From January 1933, the new government moved to From January 1933, the new government moved to ratchet up the hitherto sporadic antiratchet up the hitherto sporadic anti--Jewish activities Jewish activities of Nazi party supporters, while the Reichstag fire of of Nazi party supporters, while the Reichstag fire of April 1933 was blamed on Jews and used as April 1933 was blamed on Jews and used as justification for punitive measures.justification for punitive measures.

    HindenburgHindenburgs death in 1934 cleared the way, Reichs s death in 1934 cleared the way, Reichs Chancellor Hitler assumed total power, proclaiming Chancellor Hitler assumed total power, proclaiming himself himself FFhrer hrer (literally, the Leader).(literally, the Leader).

    Adolf Hitler, 1889Adolf Hitler, 1889--19451945ReichskanzlerReichskanzler and and FFhrerhrer

  • 4German Defend Yourselves! DonGerman Defend Yourselves! Dont t buy from Jews!buy from Jews!, 1933, 1933

    Appealing to Aryan youth Appealing to Aryan youth the the Master Master RaceRace concept was a longconcept was a long--established established part of German culture and thinkingpart of German culture and t