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The Camera. Know Your Tools. Know Parts of a Point and Shoot camera Parts of a dSLR Common camera iconography Show Label the parts of a Point and Shoot camera Label the parts of a dSLR Identify what common camera icons mean Level of Thinking Understand. Objective. Small, Medium, Large. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Know Your Tools

Know Your ToolsThe Camera1ObjectiveKnowParts of a Point and Shoot cameraParts of a dSLRCommon camera iconographyShowLabel the parts of a Point and Shoot cameraLabel the parts of a dSLRIdentify what common camera icons meanLevel of ThinkingUnderstand2Small, Medium, LargeTypes of Cameras3Small Format


5Medium Format

Medium format has traditionally referred to a film format in still photography and the related cameras and equipment that use this film. Generally, the term applies to film and digital cameras that record images on media larger than the 24 by 36mm of 135 film, but smaller than the 4 by 5in (10 by 12.7cm) size, which is considered to be large format.

In the film world, medium format has moved from being the most widely used film size (1890s through 1950s) to a niche used by professionals and some amateur enthusiasts, but one which is still substantially more popular than large format.6Medium vs Small

7Large Format

Large format describes large photographic films, large cameras, view cameras (including pinhole cameras) and processes that use a film or digital sensor, generally 4 x 5 inches (10x13 cm) or larger. The most common large fo

Most, but not all, large-format cameras are view cameras, with fronts and backs called "Standards", that allow the photographer to better control rendering of perspective and increase apparent depth of field. Architectural and close-up photographers in particular benefit greatly from this ability. These allow the front and/or back of the camera to be tilted out of parallel with each other, and to be shifted up, down, or sideways. Based on the Scheimpflug principle, these movements make it possible to solve otherwise impossible depth-of-field problems, and to change perspective rendering, and create special effects that would be impossible with a conventional fixed-plane camera.Ansel Adams' photographs, and those of the other Group f/64 photographers, demonstrate how the use of front (lens plane) and back (film plane) adjustments can secure great apparent depth of field when using the movements available on large-format view cameras.rmats are 4x5 and 8x10 inches (20x25 cm).8Point and Shoot Digital Camera

9Sensor for a Compact Camera

10Prosumer Sensor

11Entry Level dSLR

Canon EOS XS or a 1000d

About $650

12APS-C Sensor

13Full Frame dSLR (Semi-Pro)

Canon 5d Mark ii

Full frame sensor equivalent to 35mm film.

About $250014Full Frame Sensor

15Professional dSLR

Canon 1d Mark iv

Abot $550016Medium Format Digital

In the pre-digital era, Mamiya medium format film cameras were one of the top choices for serious photographers who wanted better image quality than they could get from 35mm film. In particular, the Mamiya RB67 and RZ67 67 cameras appealed to landscape, portrait and commercial photographers. The 67 cm film area offered no visible grain at standard print sizes and still retained the flexibility of roll film. Mamiya camera bodies are also arguably some of the best-built cameras ever made.

So what does the Mamiya RZ33 bring to the game, you ask? For $18,000 you get a dedicated digital camera body with a 48 x 36mm 33-megapixel CCD sensor, an ISO 50-800 sensitivity range, 1.1 frames-per-second burst rate, 16-bit RAW files and a touchscreen digital control interface. With a significantly larger sensor than a full-frame digital SLR and 33 million pixels, the RZ33 can be expected to provide noticeably better image quality than any currently available digital SLR. 17Large Format Digital

When you pay tens of thousands of dollars for a medium or large format camera and camera back you expect at least a bit of convenience, right? Well, it looks like Leaf is now making folks' lives a tad easier with its new Aptus-II 10R digital camera back, which packs a rotating sensor that will let you switch from portrait to landscape orientation without actually removing the camera back from the camera. Other than that, you can expect a 56-megapixel sensor, a 3.5-inch touchscreen, ISO range from 80-800, and full compatibility with most medium and large format cameras. Oh, and a price of 24,995, or about $33,700.18Most Expensive Camera

Who needs a house, a college education or medical insurance when you can have a Hasselblad?Released in 2009, the H4D-60 is what some might call "pricey".While the Hasselbladwebsite won't give out prices on any of their equipment or even in their product brochures, reports online estimate this bad boy ranging from $41,995 to $43,000.Either way you price it, it is over $40,000 and that is someseriouscash money.The name alludes to a few features that make this camera worth so much.Stemming from the company's point of pride, the H System cameras, this one boasts a 60 megapixel medium format sensor. Sixty.Sixty!!!Add to that the fact that they launched this camera with the new True Focus technology and the new Phocus 2.0 imaging software, this camera is in its own class of technology.19Prettiest Camera

29000Leica M97999 bodydesigned by Walter de'Silva.De'Silva is the head designer for Volkswagen, Audi, Bentley, Lamborghini and Bugatti among others, making this camera quite literally the Lamborghini of digital cameras.If you care to know how it actually functions as a camera, you can read about the M9 on the Leicawebsite.But since you probably only care about why this edition costs $29,000 instead of a measly eight grand, read this from the manufacturer'swebsite: "The LEICA M9 'Titanium' is constructed exclusively with premium quality materials. For instance, all visible metal elements of the camera body are made from solid titanium, a particularly light but extremely strong and durable metal that can only be manufactured with special tools. In addition, the exposed surfaces are also treated with a hard coating applied by a specialist company in Switzerland. Scratch-resistant, sapphire-crystal glass is employed as a protective cover for the camera monitor and further enhances the exclusive and rugged character of the camera. The camera's trim, which uses leather typically reserved for the interiors of Audi's premium automobiles, fits perfectly with the body's titanium surface and provides outstanding grip. The grip characteristics are additionally enhanced by a specially designed and embossed diamond pattern."Now how sapphire-crystal glass enhances the rugged character of anything I'm not sure, but this camera is as sleek and sexy as $29,000 gets.20Think Pair Share Think about the question for a minute.Share your answer with a neighbor.Be prepared to share with the class.21Question OneWhat are the three categories of film cameras?22Question TwoWhy would someone want to use large format film, rather than 35mm?23Question ThreeWhy do you think there are more options in types of digital cameras?24Question FourWhat is the biggest contributing factor to the price increases between categories of digital cameras?25On the InsideHow a camera Works26PhotographyPhoto = LightGraphy = to write or draw

Photography = to write or draw with lightDrawing with LightLight tight boxSomething to focus/control the light raysSomething to record the lightCamera ObscuraLight tight box = CameraControl = LensRecord = SensorCamera Obscura = natural phenomenon28Light Tight Box

Control the LIght

Record the Light


This is where film used to be.32Camera ObscuraNatural phenomenon recorded as early as 470BCIt is why our eyes work

Camera = box or roomObscura = darken3 Ways to alter the path of light

Light travels in a straight lineBecause light only travels in a straight line, the light from the top of the candle travels straight through the pinhole to the bottom of the camera back.

Camera Obscura

Tent Camera Camera ObscuraArtists in the 1500-1600s and beyond used it to bring realism to their paintings.

Camera Obscura

Put it all togetherCamera obscura requires a light tight box (camera body) and something to focus the light (lens)We use a camera sensor to record the imageBut there needs to be something to protect the sensor from being exposed until we are ready to take the picture the shutterAND we need some way to see what we are taking a picture of a mirror and pentaprism

Seeing what the lens sees

40dSLRThe mirror and pentaprism is why dSLRs are called that digital single lens reflexThe mirror reflects (reflex) the image through a single lensTaking a pictureSo how do you take a picture if the mirror and shutter are in the way?Taking a picture

43Lots of buttonsParts of a dSLR44dSLR vs Point and ShootKey differences:Physical size of the sensorInterchangeable lensesViewfinder vs LCDWhich you prefer is up to your shooting styleand how much money you have.45Front


Camera bodyLensLens Release ButtonFlash46Top

Label:Mode DialHot ShoeShutter Release Button



LCD MonitorD-PadMemory Card SlotD-PadViewfinderPlay ButtonDelete ButtonFlash Button48Inside

Canon T2i


MirrorImage Sensor



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