Kite Runner Review

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<p>CHAPTER 1 SummaryThe narrator begins the story by proclaiming, I became what I am today at the age of twelve. He describes a mysterious crumbling mud wall and an alley beside a frozen creek in the year 1975. He affirms that he has been peeking into that deserted alley for the last twenty-six years. The narrator then tells us that he had received a telephone call from his friend, Rahim Khan, in Pakistan. To him, it isnt just Rahim Khan on the line; it is his past which is filled with sins for which he never atoned. After he hangs up on the call, he goes for a walk along Spreckels Lake on the northern edge of Golden Gate Park where he sees a pair of kites soaring in the sky. They remind him of Hassan, the harelipped (cleft palate, a congenital abnormality) kite runner who had once told the narrator, For you a thousand times over. He replays the last words of the telephone conversation from Rahim Khan, There is a way to be good again. All the names of that time in 1975 flood back into his mind, the time when everything changed and he became who he is today.</p> <p>NotesWe do not yet know our narrators name, but we do know some significant things about him: he lives in San Francisco and is of Middle Eastern descent; the year 1975, when he was twelve years old, was a pivotal time in his life; and there was a young man who was an important part of his life, a young man named Hassan who had a harelip and who seems to have been inordinately devoted to our narrator. This chapter then prepares us for an extraordinary story about to unfold.</p> <p>CHAPTER 2 SummaryThis chapter opens with the narrators childhood memory of him and Hassan climbing the poplar tree in the driveway of his fathers home and using a mirror to reflect sunlight into the windows of the neighbors houses. He describes their boyish misbehavior in a fond way and also describes Hassan as having a face of a Chinese doll chiseled from hardwood. The face is marred by the harelip as through the Chinese doll makers instrument may have slipped. Its also obvious that the narrator takes advantage of Hassan who he says would never deny him anything. Some of things he asks him to do are wrong, but Hassan never blames the narrator, always accepting responsibility himself. The narrator tells us he lives with his father, his baba, in the most beautiful house in his district in the northern part of Kabul, Afghanistan. His father is wealthy and influential, but it is apparent that he doesnt provide the narrator with the time the boy would like with him. He describes many of the pictures in their home, including one of his father with King Nadir Shah in 1931 and one with his best friend and business partner, Rahim Khan. His father holds the narrator close as a baby in the picture, but his little hand is curled around the finger of Rahim Khan. On the south end of the garden behind his fathers house sits a modest mud hut, where Hassan lives with his father, Ali. Hassan had been born there just one year after the narrators mother had died giving birth to him. In the eighteen years that the narrator lived in the house, he had only been inside that hut a handful of times.</p> <p>Hassans mother, Sanaubar, left him and his father when she decided to run off with a clan of traveling singers and dancers. They narrator wonders if Hassan ever dreams of his mother or aches for her like the narrator aches for his mother. Some of the narrators earliest memories of Hassan are of the discrimination he faces because he is Hazara. Hazaras were in the minority, because they were Shia (Shiite) Muslims and not Sunni Muslims. They were identified by their "Chinese-like" faces, because they were of Mongol descent. The narrator also tells us about Ali, Hassans father, who has two congenital deformities: his lower facial muscles are paralyzed, leaving him unable to smile, and forced to show his feelings with his eyes; and he had suffered through polio and his right leg was atrophied, forcing him to swing the weak leg in an arc as he walked. The narrator used to follow Ali through the streets and mimic his walk, but Ali never said anything ever. The neighborhood children were afraid of him and called him Babalu, or Boogeyman.</p> <p>The narrator never knew much about the Hazara, because his history books seldom said anything about these people. Then, he discovered in one of his mothers old books an entire chapter about how his people, thePashtun, had persecuted and oppressed the Hazara. When he shows the chapter to his history teacher, the man just wrinkles his nose and comments that the Shia way is to pass themselves off as martyrs. When he said the word Shia, he pronounced it like it was a disease. The narrator remembers that he heard that Hassans mother had taunted Ali just like the neighborhood kids had done. Whats more, at Hassans birth, seeing the harelip, she had sneered that Ali now had his own idiot child to smile for him. She had refused to even hold her baby and five days later, she was gone. As a result, the narrators father had hired the same woman who was nursing him to nurse Hassan, a blue-eyed Hazara woman from Bamiyan. Ali would always sing the song she had sung to the two babies and would then remind them both that there was a brotherhood between people who had fed from the same breast, a kinship that not even time could break. The narrator and Hassan had done everything together from the beginning. His first word was Baba, but Hassans was Amir, the narrators name. The narrator believes that the foundation for what happened in 1975 and all that followed was already laid in their first words.</p> <p>NotesThis chapter introduces us to what obviously impacted greatly on Amirs life: his father, Ali, and Hassan; the fact that his mother died at his birth and Hassans mother ran away; the fact that they are from two different social classes, Pashtun and Hazara; and the fact that he and Hassan fed at the same breast and that they believe in his country that that makes them brothers forever. By telling us these things, he is preparing us for significant events that will involve these people and the things that happened to them from the time they were born. He is also, in a subtle way, telling us that all these events had molded him into the man that he somehow is ashamed of having become and that he still has time, as Rahim Khan had said, to find a way to be good again.</p> <p>CHAPTER 3 SummaryAmir opens this chapter by telling us how lore has it that his father once wrestled a black bear with his bare hands. Of course, he informs us at the same time that exaggeration orlaaf is a national affliction. Rahim Khan referred to Amirs father as Toophan agha, or Mr. Hurricane, because his father was almost a force of nature. He was also a very good and generous man, having built an orphanage in the late 1960s. On the day before the orphanage opened, Baba took Amir to Ghargha Lake for a picnic. He had wanted to bring Hassan as well, but Amir had lied and said Hassan was sick so he could have his father all to himself. He aches for his fathers praise and resents it when Hassan receives it instead. This happened once when they were skipping stones across the lake and he could only make it skip five times to Hassans eight. His father had patted Hassan on the back and even put his arms around his shoulders. Amir never had his father do the same to him. While they are at the lake for the picnic, Baba spends the time eating and working on his speech for the orphanage while Amir tries to get his attention by telling him that he thinks he has saratan or cancer. Baba just grunts and tells him to get the soda from the car. At the opening ceremony of the orphanage, Amir gets to hold his fathers hat while he gives his speech, a great honor for the young boy. The speech gets a long standing ovation and it allows Amir to further reflect on the man his father is: even though he was told that business was not in his blood, he established a very successful carpet exporting business, two pharmacies, and a restaurant with Rahim Khan as his partner; and when people said that he would never marry well, he met and married Sofia Akrami, a widely regarded and respected young woman of Kabul. To Amir, he is the only glaring exception to his fathers success. His father was a man who saw everything in black and white and as Amir says, he gets to decide what is black and what is white. This makes him a man to be both loved and feared and even hated a little. When Amir went into the fifth grade, he had a mullah (religious teacher) who taught his class about Islam, including the five daily namaz, or prayers and memorized verses from the Koran. He told his father one day what the mullah had taught them about the sins of drinking alcohol, while his father was pouring himself a whiskey. Baba sat down and pulled Amir onto his lap and told him that he would never learn anything of value from those bearded idiots. He proclaims that God will have to help them all if Afghanistan ever falls into the hands of the mullahs. Then, he tells Amir that despite what the mullahs teach, there is only one real sin and that is the sin of theft. Every other sin is a variation of theft and he cautions Amir to never forget that. In fact, he says that any man who takes what is not his to take is a man Baba will spit upon. Amir is very impressed with what his father says, but he is more impressed that he had talked to Amir man to man. He wonders how long it will be before his father talks that way to him again. Amir feels like his father hates him a little, because he had killed his mother when she bled to death giving birth to him. He believes that he should have had the decency to have turned out more like his father for having taken his beloved wife from him. Unfortunately, Amir is nothing like his father.</p> <p>In school, Amir and his classmates play a game called Sherjangi, or Battle of the Poems. One student recites a verse from a poem and the opponent has sixty seconds to reply with a verse that begins with the same letter with which the first verse ends.</p> <p>Amir is so good at this game that everyone wants him on their team. Unfortunately, Baba is never impressed by this success of his son. He wants him to achieve at sports and tries to get him to play soccer. Amir is a dismal failure. He also takes Amir to the yearly Buzkashi tournament. This is Afghanistans national passion: the object of the sport is for a chapandaz, or highly skilled horseman, to snatch a goat or cattle carcass from the midst of a melee, carry the carcass with him around the stadium at full gallop, and drop it in a scoring circle while the opposing teams chapandaz does everything in his power to snatch the carcass from him. While they are at the tournament, his father points out Henry Kissinger, the American Secretary of State, sitting in the stands. However, Amir is riveted by a terrible accident - one of the chapandaz fell off his saddle and is trampled to death in front of the entire crowd. Amir begins to cry and his tears force Baba to take him home, trying valiantly not to show his disgust with a son who would cry at this famous, manly sport. Later that night, Amir overhears his father tell Rahim Khan that there is something missing in that boy. His father is upset that Amir never takes a stand or fights back against the other boys in the neighborhood and he fears that he will become a man who cant stand up to anything. He insists that if he hadnt seen the doctor pull Amir out of his mother with his own eyes, he would never believe he is his son.</p> <p>NotesThis chapter is a reliving for Amir of how very much he desired his fathers acceptance and approval and how very seldom he received it. He presents his Baba as a man who is larger than life and one whom Amir wishes he were exactly alike, but is not. His father presents Amir with some wisdom that is also foreshadowing: he tells Amir that the mullahs would ruin Afghanistan and that the only sin is theft of any kind. We will eventually see that his fear of the mullahs will come true when the Taliban eventually takes over the rule of Afghanistan and when Amir will learn that his father, in spite of his contempt for thieves, had already stolen something very important from him. The most poignant aspect of this chapter is the end when Amir overhears the worst words any child can hear from a parent: that he is a disappointment to his father and that his father wonders if he might not be his son at all.</p> <p>CHAPTER 4 SummaryThis chapter begins with the background of Ali, Hassans father. He is the orphan son of a Hazara couple who had been killed on the road by two brothers who were high on hashish and mast, or drunk, on wine. Amirs grandfather had been the judge who had ordered the two boys to serve in the army for one year as punishment and who had then taken the orphan son of the dead couple, Ali, into his own home. He had raised Ali with Amirs Baba and they had grown up together just as Amir and Hassan have done a generation later. Amir says that never in all the stories his father told about him and Ali did he ever refer to Ali as his friend. It also occurs to him that he never thought of Hassan as his friend either. He is Pashtun and Sunni and Hassan is Hazara and Shia and nothing will ever change that. Of course, they had fed from the same breast and had learned to crawl together and nothing would change that either. Amir goes on to describe all the different activities that he and Hassan would share: chasing the nomads, hurling pebbles from Hassans slingshot, watching American</p> <p>western movies, all while Hassan fulfills the role of Amirs servant at the same time. Amir goes to school, but Hassan does not and so, Amir reads to Hassan. He even carved into the pomegranate tree these words: Amir and Hassan, the Sultans of Kabul. One of Hassans favorite stories was from the Shahnamah, the tenth century epic of ancient Persian heroes. It was about Rostam and Sohrab, a very tragic tale in which the two warriors battle each other and one kills the other, only to learn that he has killed his own son. One day, instead of reading the words of the epic as written, Amir substitutes his own stories, made up in his own imagination. Hassan loves them and begs him to read them again the next day. Amir is so amazed at Hassans reaction that he sits down that night and writes his first short story. He takes it to his father and receives the usual lukewarm reaction - his father doesnt show any interest in even reading it. Fortunately for Amir, Rahim Khan is there and asks to read the story. His father is relieved that his friend is willing to read the story and leaves the room. At that moment, Amir wishes he could open his veins and drain his cursed blood from his body.</p> <p>Rahim Khan leaves Amir a note and speaks one word after reading the story: Bravo! The note is filled with praise for Amir, exactly what he would have wished his father had said instead. Nonetheless,...</p>