kimo international brochure
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DESCRIPTIONKIMO International general brochure
Our membersHow we are organised
KIMO has over 120 members in 14 countries, representi ng over 6 million inhabitants in the United Kingdom, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium, and the Republic of Ireland with associate members in Germany, the Faeroe Islands and the Isle Of Man. Nati onal Networks exist in each country. In 2007, KIMO increased its remit to include all the countries around the Balti c Sea in the biggest expansion in its 17 year history. The expansion saw seventeen municipaliti es from Sweden, Poland, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia commit to establish a KIMO Internati onal Balti c Forum. The forum has a Secretariat based in Simrishamn, Sweden.
The spine of KIMO is comprised of an Annual General Meeti ng of Delegates, Internati onal Board and Secretariat. The AGM rules on all major decisions pertaining to policy directi on. The Internati onal Board is the management group that, along with the Secretariat, is responsible for running the organisati on. In additi on meeti ngs of the Nati onal Coordinators focus on the practi cal formaliti es of implementi ng projects, initi ati ves and coordinati ng the expansion of the organisati on. Each nati onal network also has a management board and Coordinator, which report back to the Internati onal Board.
The KIMO network extends from the north east Atlanti c to the Balti c Sea
Our approachKIMO engages with environmental threats using a number of disti nct approachesIMO engages with environmentalThrough lobbying
KIMO proacti vely lobbies government ministers to acknowledge and take acti on on the issues threatening our marine environment. KIMO promotes its experience and highly-regarded research to persuade ministers to tailor marine legislati on to care for our oceans and protect coastal communiti es. For example, KIMO:
Is a key stakeholder in the development of EU Marine Strategy Framework Directi veHolds observer status at the OSPAR and HELCOM Regional Seas Conventi ons Has been involved in the North Sea Ministerial Meeti ngs processLobbies Nati onal Governments through its Networks, Forums and Members
In order to ensure we have accurate informati on and evidence to back up our lobbying e orts KIMO undertakes research both internally and in collaborati on with research insti tutes. In the past we have undertaken research into issues such as long-term liabiliti es for the decommissioning of o shore installati ons and the economic and social cost of marine litt er. We are currently developing closer links with research insti tutes to ensure that we can be at the cutti ng edge of research in areas such as polluti on by microscopic plasti c parti cles.
Through demonstrati ve projects
As we are a local government organisati on we seek practi cal soluti ons to environmental problems. We have been successful in applying for funding to run demonstrati ve projects allowing us to highlight soluti ons to government and policymakers. Fishing for Litt er is an example of where this has been successful where the scheme, which encourages shermen to take ashore litt er they catch while shing by providing the infrastructure required, has been acknowledged by United Nati ons Environment Programme as one of the tools to reduce marine litt er. KIMO will conti nue to seek funding for projects in the future that will bene t the coastal communiti es we represent.
Visit www.kimointernati onal.org to learn more about how KIMO is taking acti on on the issues that a ect our marine environment.
How KIMO works for its members
KIMO is a fully independent environmental group, which is driven by the collecti ve opinions and ambiti ons of its member municipaliti es. The demands of our member municipaliti es moti vate us. If a member of an individual council expresses a speci c concern regarding a marine polluti on issue, KIMO will provide an open forum for discussion to debate possible acti ons. Opinions and views from our members are warmly welcomed. This improves our ability to demonstrate on the issues that matt er to each coastal municipality. On becoming a KIMO member your council will be represented by an organisati on that has many years of experience in environmental advocacy. In additi on, KIMO has strong connecti ons to a number of highly respected internati onal organisati ons, which provide us with the channels to communicate local requests at the highest politi cal level.
The threats to our marine environment are always evolving. With this in mind KIMO prides itself on a dedicati on to conducti ng pioneering scienti c research on marine environmental threats. KIMO authors good practi ce guides and works to develop reports that provide municipaliti es with detailed informati on on how to e ecti vely tackle marine polluti on threats. This ensures KIMO remains abreast of marine related threats. KIMO is passionate about maintaining, protecti ng and improving the health of Europes coastal environments. Together, we can make an enduring impression. Join us.
Work with KIMO
If your local municipality requires any informati on on marine polluti on issues please do not hesitate to contact us. KIMO is eager to expand its membership for the bene t of all who value Europes marine environment. If you would like more informati on on how to apply for KIMO membership or learn more about the bene ts of becoming a KIMO member, please visit our website or e-mail us directly.
KIMO Internati onalShetland Islands CouncilInfrastructure ServicesGrantf ield, LerwickShetland, UKZE1 0NT
Tel: 0044 (0)1595 744800Fax: 0044 (0)1595 744804
Email address [email protected] www.kimointernati onal.org
Image Informati on
Ital Florida vessel - stack collapse image: Dragan (www.shipspotti ng.com)Atlanti c Osprey vessel/Radioacti ve ag image: GreenpeaceSubmerged muniti ons image: James W. Porter / University of Georgia
YOUR LOCAL GOVERNMENT VOICE ON MARINE POLLUTION
Isle of Man
A Growing ConcernThe future holds signi cant marine environmental threats
Over 90% of cargo is transported by sea. With increasing amounts of road cargo now being transported by sea
emissions of sulphur and nitrogen oxides from shipping are expected to be greater than all land-based sources in the EU by 2020 contributi ng to
acid rain, air polluti on and health problems. In additi on a combinati on of inadequate onboard health and safety standards, weather, commercial pressure and communicati on failure results in 10,000 cargo containers being lost overboard annually. Whilst the Balti c Sea has recently seen an increase in oil tra c of 160 million tonnes a year causing an increase in accidents which now results in a major shipping accident occurring every year.
An increase in nuclear energy and decommissioning. Over 40 nuclear reactors are currently being constructed in 11 countries. The transportati on and emission of nuclear waste pose a threat to the health of our oceans. Increased reprocessing of radioacti ve waste and its subsequent transportati on by sea increases the chance that a serious nuclear accident may occur. The impact of a nuclear cargo vessel running aground on our coastlines is inconceivable - threatening our marine ecosystem and the health of our coastal communiti es.
Concentrati ons of microscopic plasti c parti cles in the marine environment are increasing. Following exploratory
research, scienti sts have established that highly toxic chemicals may be concentrated on the surface of microscopic fragments of
discarded plasti c. These hazardous fragments can then be ingested by animals, which are then consumed by humans. The research
into this issue must be conti nued to ascertain the true impact on the marine environment and the signi cant threat to human health this
KIMO is passionate about tackling these criti cal threats. Read how we intend to solve these problems in Our Acti on Areas.
Fishing for Litt er: A practi cal measure to reduce marine litt er
Our Acti on AreasWe work to nd enduring soluti ons to a variety of marine environmental problems
The Nuclear Issue: Emissions and Transportati onKIMO works toward the objecti ve of eliminati ng the discharges of ultra-hazardous radioacti ve materials into Europes oceans. KIMO has been vociferous in its protests against the transportati on of nuclear waste through European waters and has been lobbying for the use of Best Available Technology. KIMO believes nuclear waste must be contained and concentrated responsibly at its original source. KIMO persistently lobbies internati onal organisati ons to encourage the use of non-reprocessing opti ons for spent fuel to reduce emissions into the marine environment.
Polluti on from the Oil and Gas IndustryDespite improvements in environmental management the recent expansion of the oil and gas sector has resulted in an increase in the polluti on produced by this industry. KIMO has worked toward the reducti on of polluti on from o shore installati ons since successfully lobbying, along with other environmental groups, to ensure the Brent Spar and other faciliti es like it were not dumped into the northeast Atlanti c. KIMO now works to ensure:
The safe and responsible removal of structures from the seabed that have reached the end of their working livesThe implementati on of a strict long-term management regime to cover future liabiliti es of existi ng platf ormsThe reducti on of operati onal polluti on from o shore installati ons such as the oil contained in produced water
Hazardous SubstancesChemical pesti cides are increasingly being employed with the desire to regulate the growth of agricultural products. These hazardous chemicals oft en run o into the sea. These can cause serious harm to various types of sea life. KIMO acti vely encourages the eliminati on of pesti cide inputs into the marine environment from KIMO member authoriti es areas. KIMO has published a good practi ce guide, which outlines what measures local authoriti es can take to reduce the possibility of pesti cides being deposited into our seas.
Dumping at Sea: Chemical and conventi onal muniti ons Aft er World War II, Allied forces dumped 300,000 tonnes of chemical muniti ons into the northeast Atlanti c at 148 dumpsites. These muniti ons are a signi cant threat to users of the sea as corrosion over ti me may have allowed chemical agents to leak out or cause explosions. KIMO in collaborati on with the Irish Government successfully campaigned for all records of dumpsites to be placed into the public domain and the implementati on of an OSPAR Monitoring Programme. Of the encounters reported 15% were with chemical weapons and over half the encounters were recorded by shermen.
Mariti me Safety and Polluti onKIMO works towards the implementati on of legislati on that will raise health, safety and environmental standards in the shipping industry. The organisati on also campaigns against threatening proposals and for adequate compensati on for coastal communiti es a ected by polluti on. This has included:
Campaigning for the eliminati on of all operati onal discharges of polluti on from shipping such as oil, hazardous and noxious substances and air polluti on through the Clean Ship ApproachPressing for the implementati on of a Conventi on on Liability and Compensati on for Non-Toxic Polluti on and a reducti on in the number of containers lost overboardDemonstrati ng against the ship-to-ship transfers of crude oil out with suitable harbour areas due to the increased risk of oil polluti on
Marine Litt er Despite recent e orts marine litt er levels remain dangerously high and this harms countless marine species. KIMO is dedicated to nding methods to reduce the volume of litt er discharged into our seas. To that end KIMO is:
Working with the EU, OSPAR and Nati onal Governments to raise marine litt er up the politi cal agenda Implementi ng Fishing for Litt er one of the few practi cal measures that actually removes litt er from the marine environmentUndertaking research on the economic and social impact of marine litt er highlighti ng the impact on coastal communiti esUndertaking assessment of marine litt er such as that of North East Atlanti c for the United Nati ons Environment ProgrammeUndertaking research into highly toxic micro-plasti cs that may transport hazardous chemicals into the food chain
Our vision for the future
There are many threats to the survival of our vulnerable oceans; the steady increase in the uti lisati on of the sea has been matched by increases in marine polluti on. Through demonstrati ve projects, lobbying and research KIMO will conti nue to work passionately to encourage the implementati on of legislati on that tackles current problems, such as marine litt er and to prevent future problems, such as ocean acidi cati on. To ensure that marine polluti on does not overwhelm Europes oceans, commercial companies, local government and nati onal governments must work in close collaborati on to ensure all serious threats are addressed. By being more environmentally responsible now we can reduce the volume of work for the next generati on.
Many well intenti oned environmental policies fail to navigate their way through the con icti ng agendas of the legislati ve process without becoming diluted and blunted. KIMO is passionate about implementi ng legislati on that will have a positi ve e ect on Europes marine environment in the long-term. Economic pressures must not be ranked above environmental concerns; without a healthy environment Europes economies cannot operate e ecti vely.
Our work has just begun.
An Introducti onWho We Are
For two decades Kommunenes Internasjonale Miljorganisasjon (Local Authoriti es Internati onal Environmental Organisati on) has worked to protect, preserve and enhance northern Europes marine environment. The organisati on, which represents coastal communiti es on marine polluti on issues, started life with a membership of just 4 authoriti es but now represents over 120 municipaliti es.
The impetus for the establishment of the organisati on originated from a need to nd enduring soluti ons to the many polluti on related issues which threaten the long-term health of northern Europes marine environment. As marine polluti on is a complex problem, which does not adhere to nati onal boundaries it was necessary to create an organisati on that could be co-ordinated on an internati onal basis. Kommunenes Internasjonale Miljorganisasjon (KIMO) was founded in Esbjerg, Denmark, in August 1990 to protect, preserve and enhance northern Europes oceans.
Despite many initi ati ves to reduce marine litt er it remains one of the most signi cant environmental problems a ecti ng the marine environment. 20,000 tonnes of litt er is dumped into the North Sea alone every year. KIMOs Fishing for Litt er project is an imaginati ve yet simple initi ati ve that aims to reduce marine litt er by involving one of the key stakeholders, the shing industry. KIMO directly provides shing boats with large bags to collect marine litt er that is then recycled or disposed of on land. This reduces the volume of debris washing up on our beaches and also reduces the amount of ti me shermen spend untangling their nets. The initi ati ve not only involves the direct removal of litt er from the sea, but also raises awareness of the problem in the shing industry.