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KIMMEL CENTER. Meet the Orchestra. PROGRAM. John Stafford Smith/ arr . Ormandy “The Star-Spangled Banner” Manuel de Falla “Dance of the Miller’s Wife (Fandango),” from The Three-Cornered Hat Mikhail Glinka Kamarinskaya , Fantasy for Orchestra on Two Russian Folksongs - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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KIMMEL CENTER

KIMMEL CENTERMeet the Orchestra

PROGRAMJohn Stafford Smith/arr. Ormandy The Star-Spangled BannerManuel de Falla Dance of the Millers Wife (Fandango), from The Three-Cornered HatMikhail Glinka Kamarinskaya, Fantasy for Orchestra on Two Russian FolksongsLi Huan Zhi Spring Festival OvertureAaron Copland Variations on a Shaker Melody, from Appalachian SpringJohn Rosamond Johnson/arr. Hale Lift Every Voice and SingThe Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts hosts the Orchestras home subscription concerts, as well as its concerts devoted to youth and family audiences

Kimmel Center Tour

4Rossen Milanov Associate ConductorHe currently holds thepositions of associate conductor of ThePhiladelphia Orchestra and artistic director of The PhiladelphiaOrchestra at The Mann Center for the Performing Arts. Inaddition, he serves as music director of New Jerseys Symphonyin C (formerly the Haddonfield Symphony), one of Americaspremier professional training orchestras; and music director ofthe New Symphony Orchestra in his native city of Sofia, Bulgaria.In June 2009, Mr. Milanov was also named music director of thePrinceton Symphony.

Lower Strings

WHAT ARE THESE INSTRUMENTS?FRENCH HORN

WHAT FAMILY OF INSTRUMENTS?STRING

The Star-Spangled BannerAbout the Composer

Born in Gloucester, England, John Stafford Smith (17501846) was acomposer, church organist, and earlymusicologist.

About the Lyricist

Born and raised in western Maryland,Francis Scott Key (17791843).

About the Music

The melody of the song that would become the Americannational anthem was first published in England ca. 1778.

Officially called The Anacreontic Song but more commonly known bythe first line of its lyrics,To Anacreon in Heaven was theconstitutional song of the Anacreontic Society, an 18th-centurygentlemens club of amateur musicians in London

Key wrote the words on September 14, 1814 on board a British warship in BaltimoreHarbor where he was being detained.

The tradition of performing The Star-Spangled Bannerbefore baseball games began during World War II;

The Philadelphia Orchestra became the first major orchestra toplay at a World Series game when they performed the nationalanthem.Lift Every Voice and Sing

African-American composer andsinger John Rosamond Johnson(sitting; 18731954), and hisolder brother James WeldonJohnson (18711938), were bornin Jacksonville, FloridaJames Weldon Johnson first wrote the words to Lift EveryVoice and Sing as a poem and then John Rosamond Johnsonset the words to music in 1899Singing this song quickly became a way for African Americansto demonstrate their pride and hope for the future.

www.whyy.org/tv12/insideout.html,

Fort McHenryhttp://www.nps.gov/fomc/index.htm

Where is Fort McHenry?What war was being fought when Francis Scott Key wrotethe lyrics to The Star-Spangled Banner? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Baltimore

Spain: Let the Rhythm Move You!

Manuel de Falla Dance of the Millers Wife (Fandango), from The Three-Cornered Hat

Manuel de Falla (1876-1946) wasborn in Cdiz, which is located on thesouthern coast of Spain in AndalusiaThis selection is 2:3522Spanish dance-song styles are characterized by their strongrhythms, which are most often in triple meter-3 beats per measure.Spanish classical music based ondance forms, youll often hear the strings of the orchestra playan ostinato (repeated rhythmic pattern) imitating the guitarstrumming

The music is also highlypercussive, with the sound of castanets, hand-clapping, andstamping of the feet.

THE MUSIC

http://imslp.org/wiki/El_Sombrero_de_Tres_Picos_%28Falla,_Manuel_de%29

Finish listening to the selection.26

Russia: Theres No Place Like (Home)Mikhail Glinka Kamarinskaya, Fantasy for Orchestra on Two Russian Folksongs

Mikhail Glinka (1804-57)

Born in Novospasskoye in theSmolensk district of Russia.

Listening GuideIntroduction0:00 Based on motive from the Wedding SongStart the music from the link:Listen: What do you hear. . .read alongMikhail Glinka Kamarinskaya, Fantasy for Orchestra on Two Russian Folksongs

0:35 First statement of theme by unison strings

0:53 Second statement with melody and accompaniment inthe woodwinds

1:11 Third statement: theme in bass

1:29 Fourth statement: theme in bass continues

2:21 Transition, turning figure in violinsDance Song

2:28 Stated first in violin, first unaccompanied and then withviola countermelody

2:40 Ostinato (repeated) variations begin, changingbackground

Wedding Song3:57 First restatement4:13 Second restatement4:30 Third restatement, interrupted4:49 Transition

Dance Song (reprise)4:56 More ostinato variations, builds in dynamics and tempo

Coda

7:00 Sudden slow statement of the opening phrase, growingsofter

The three-measure instrumental dance tune of theKamarinskaya is repeated without significant change nearly75 times in the course of the two Dance Song sections.

China: A Community CelebrationLi Huan Zhi Spring Festival Overture

Chinese music is as old as Chinese civilization itself, dating back to about 1766 B.C.Since then, musical performances have been an integral part of Chinese traditions, beliefsystems, and community celebrations, including the Spring Festival (or Chinese New Year).

CHINA

China is the fourth largest country behind Russia, Canada, and the United States. However, its the most populated country with over 1.3 billion peoplethats more than four times as many wholive in the United States!Li Huan Zhi(1919-2000)

Born in Hong Kong

He entered the ShanghaiSchool of Music in 1936 and studiedcomposition under Xiao Youmei

Li composed the Spring Festival Suite in 1955 and 1956 as anexpression of his own experience of the Spring Festival in Yananin northern China.

This suite of four movements was originallywritten for western symphony orchestra but was subsequentlyplayed by orchestras of traditional Chinese instruments as well.Overture

luck, fu (pronounced: foo),Overture is in ternary (three-part) form and depicts theenergetic scenes of the yangge dance, with the beating ofdrums and sounding of gongs.

The first section consists of twoNorth Shaanxi pieces for suona (Chinese reed instrument).

Themoderate central section takes a melody from North Shaanxilingchang yangge diao (seedling dance tune with leadingsinging)

Listening Guide0:00 A section: yangge dance, first theme0:30 Second theme0:53 First theme returns2:07 B section: lingchang yangge diaotune presented in the oboe3:30 Trumpet announces transition3:44 A section returns

WHAT INSTRUMENT?

BASSUnited States: The Simple Gift of MusicAaron CoplandVariations on a Shaker Melody, from Appalachian Spring

(1900-90)THE SHAKERSThe Shakers, who arrived from England in 1774, built communities mainly in New York, New England, Ohio, and Kentucky.

Listening Guide0:00 Introduction0:14 The theme is introduced by the solo clarinet, playingin a quick-moving tempo and at a mezzo-piano level,accompanied softly by flute and piccolo.

0:43 First variation appears as the music changesto a higher key and is played by the oboe and bassoon.Listen also for the triangle!

1:10 In the second variation, the strings enter with the tuneplaying in a smooth, lyric style and at a tempo that is halfas fast while the piano and glockenspiel (bells) keep asteady pulse underneath. Notice that the music growslouder as more instruments are added at different times.

1:53 The brass section then announces the third variation asthe trumpet plays the melody in a staccato (separated)style while the strings zoom up and down in an excitedaccompaniment.

2:17 solo clarinet and other woodwinds return in abrief interlude to soften and slow things down as thismusical bridge connects these sections.

2:34 orchestra (tutti) present thefourth variation majestically playing fortissimo and evenslower, with the heavy beat of the timpani supporting thesound!

3:07 Softly, the solo clarinet

plays a portion of the theme in abrief coda.

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