Kidney disease diagnosis

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kidney disease diagnosis

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  • 1.Submitted by:- Yogesh.C HVK 1249

2. Kidney 3. Test used to detect kidney dysfunction Blood test Imaging studies Biopsy Urine test 4. Blood tests Serum creatinine Glomerular Filteration Rate (GFR) Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) 5. Serum Creatinine test Creatinine-waste product that comes from normal wear and tear on muscles of body Level can depends on age , race, & body size Normal range is 1.5 If >1.5 then it is an early size that the kidneys are not working properly if its level rises if kidney disease progresses 6. GFR TestMeasure of how well the kidneys are removing wastes and excess fluid from the blood It may be calculated from the serum creatinine level using age, weight, gender and body size Normal GFR- 90 or above A GFR below 60 is a sign that the kidneys are not working properly. A GFR below 15 indicates that a treatment for kidney failure, such as dialysis or a kidney transplant, will be needed. 7. Blood Urea Nitrogen test Urea nitrogen comes from the breakdown of protein in the foods that animals eat. A normal BUN level is between 7 and 20. As kidney function decreases, the BUN level rises. 8. Imaging Tests x-rays size of the kidneys and for kidney stones cystogram a bladder x-ray voiding cystourethrogram where the bladder is x-rayed before and after urination ultrasound sound waves are bounced off the kidneys to create a picture. Ultrasound may be used to check the size of the kidneys. Kidney stones and blood vessel blockages may be visible on ultrasound 9. computed tomography (CT) x-rays and digital computer technology are used to create an image of the urinary tract, including the kidneys magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) a strong magnetic field and radio waves are used to create a three-dimensional image of the urinary tract, including the kidneys Imaging Tests 10. Biopsy Small piece of tissue is taken for testing in a laboratory. Biopsies used in the investigation of kidney disease may include: Kidney biopsy Bladder biopsy 11. Urine Test Urinalysis Urine Protein Microalbuminuria Creatinine Clearance 12. Urinalysis Microscopic examination of a urine sample Dipstick test-chemically treated strip, which is dipped into a urine sample. 13. Urine Protein It includes :- Albumin specific dipstick Quantitative measurement of albumin-to-creatinine ratio 14. Microalbuminuria More sensitive dipstick test, which can detect a tiny amount of protein called albumin in the urine. 15. Creatinine Clearance A creatinine clearance test compares the creatinine in a 24-hour sample of urine to the creatinine level in animals blood to show how much blood the kidneys are filtering out each minute.