Keyboard Theory Lesson #4 Writing Major Scales. What is a major scale? There are many types of scales. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_.

Download Keyboard Theory Lesson #4 Writing Major Scales. What is a major scale? There are many types of scales. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_.

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<p>Writing Major Scales</p> <p>Keyboard Theory Lesson #4Writing Major ScalesWhat is a major scale?There are many types of scales.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_modesThe major scale is one of the commonly used scales in Western Music. We are very familiar with how a major scale sounds. Can someone sing a major scale?</p> <p>Building a major scaleA major scale can be built on ANY note by following a specific pattern of tones and semitones.</p> <p>Building another major scaleLets build a major scale starting on D in the treble clef. Remember: T-T-ST-T-T-T-ST </p> <p>Building yet anotherLets build a major scale starting on Eb in the bass clef.Remember: T-T-ST-T-T-T-ST</p> <p>Things to rememberThe Major Scale has EIGHT notes, which can be written ascending or descending.The first note gives us the a name of the scale. Ie: C Major</p> <p>The first note and the last note should be the same.Every letter name must appear at least once.</p> <p>Scale Degree NamesEach note on the scale has a name that is related to its position and function. Note the roman numerals.</p> <p>Dominant and TonicRemember from the video clip we watched, that the dominant and tonic have a special relationship.</p> <p>The 5 wants to go to the 1!</p> <p>It is good practice to quickly recognize or recall what the dominant note of each scale.Other ways to write out scale degrees..</p> <p>Things to rememberDiatonic Semitones are found between the 3-4 and 7-1 scale degrees. When writing out scales, semitones are marked with slurs. For notes ABOVE the third line of the staff, slurs are drawn above the notes. For notes BELOW the third line, slurs are drawn below the notes.When writing ascending and descending scales, add a bar line after the highest note. When naming major scales, always use capital letters. i.e. C Major/Cmaj/C+Add the semitone slurs and a bar line to this scale. Name it below. </p> <p>Take up p.45 in music theory book:You should have completed up to p. 47.</p> <p>We will have a major scales quiz next Tuesday.</p> <p>Make sure you complete up to end of Lesson 4 including the review by Tuesday.</p> <p>I will be collecting your notebooks on Tuesday. Make sure you are up to date. There is another way to write major scales The Circle of Fifths is a visual representation of the relationship between different notes and corresponding key signatures. You can use the Circle of Fifths to figure out major AND minor scales.You can also use it when you write a melody or harmonies, and when you need to transpose music.Today we will learn how to use it to build major scales. Creating The Circle of Fifths </p> <p>FatherCharlesGoesDownAndEnds Battle</p> <p>Step 1)</p> <p>Write down the phrase above!</p> <p>Or any phrase that will help you remember:</p> <p>FCGDAEBNOTE: </p> <p>The circle is split up into 12 sections (like a clock).</p> <p>There are 12 pitches in an octave!</p> <p>Think about it:C,C#,D,D#,E,F, F#,G,G#,A,A#,B.Creating The Circle of Fifths </p> <p>FatherCharlesGoesDownAndEnds Battle</p> <p>Step 2)</p> <p>We know that C Major Scale has NO sharps of flatsso we put C at the top of the circle.</p> <p>CCreating The Circle of Fifths </p> <p>FatherCharlesGoesDownAndEnds Battle</p> <p>Step 3)</p> <p>Fill in the rest of the letters in our phrase.</p> <p>The word Father comes before Charles, so we place it to the left of C, and the rest of the letters in their proper places!</p> <p>CFGDAEBCreating The Circle of Fifths </p> <p>Battle Ends And DownGoesCharles Father</p> <p>Step 4)</p> <p>Reverse the phrase so the letters are in this order:</p> <p>BEADGCF</p> <p>Again use, any phrase that will help you remember.</p> <p>CFGDAEBCreating The Circle of Fifths </p> <p>Battle Ends And DownGoesCharles Father</p> <p>Step 5)</p> <p>Add the rest of the letters into the empty spaces in order- counter clockwise.</p> <p>Next to these letters- add a flat sign next to them!</p> <p>CFGDAEBGbEbAbDbBbUsing The Circle of Fifths </p> <p>*Remember!</p> <p>Major scales either have sharps OR flats.</p> <p>They will never have both at the same time. CFGDAEBGbEbAbDbBbUsing The Circle of Fifths </p> <p>*Remember!</p> <p>Major scales either have sharps OR flats.</p> <p>They will never have both at the same time. CFGDAEBGbEbAbDbBbUsing The Circle of Fifths </p> <p>Step 1) </p> <p>If you go to the right of the circle- sharps are added to the scales.</p> <p>If you go to the left of the circle- flats are added to the scales. CFGDAEBGbEbAbDbBb#bUsing The Circle of Fifths </p> <p>Step 2) </p> <p>To find out how many sharps of flats are in the G major scale, we first find G.</p> <p>G is one notch away from C.</p> <p>Therefore there is ONE sharp in the G major scale. </p> <p>CFGDAEBGbEbAbDbBb#bUsing The Circle of Fifths </p> <p>Step 3) </p> <p>The same works for the flats, but we count counterclockwise.</p> <p>How many flats does the Ab major scale have? </p> <p>CFGDAEBGbEbAbDbBb#bUsing The Circle of Fifths </p> <p>Step 4) Now that we know how many flats or sharps there are. How do we know what sharps or flats to use?</p> <p>Back to the phrases!</p> <p>CFGDAEBGbEbAbDbBb#bFCGDAEB#sBEADGCFbsUsing The Circle of Fifths </p> <p>Step 5) </p> <p>Which flats are in the Ab major scale?</p> <p>CFGDAEBGbEbAbDbBb#bFCGDAEB#sBEADGCFbsUsing The Circle of Fifths </p> <p>Step 6) </p> <p>What about F# Major, C # major, and Cb major?</p> <p>CFGDAEB/CbGb / F#EbAbDb/C#Bb#bFCGDAEB#sBEADGCFbsENHARMONIC EQUIVALENTSWHY THE CIRCLE OF FIFTHS</p> <p>CFGDAEB/CbGb / F#EbAbDb/C#Bb#bFCGDAEB#sBEADGCFbsLook at the circle of fifths.</p> <p>Any idea why it is called this?</p>

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