kementerian pelajaran malaysia ... mari kita kaji apa itu komputer bersama-sama. langkah 3: baca...

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  • KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA

    Kurikulum Standard Sekolah Rendah

    TEKNOLOGI MAKLUMAT DAN KOMUNIKASI

    MODUL DUNIA KOMPUTER: 1.0 Mengenal Komputer dan

    Fungsinya

    TAHUN 4

    Terbitan

    Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum

  • 2013

    Cetakan Pertama 2013

    © Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia

    Hak Cipta Terpelihara. Tidak dibenarkan mengeluar ulang mana-mana bahagian

    artikel, ilustrasi dan isi kandungan buku ini dalam apa-apa juga bentuk dan dengan

    cara apa-apa jua sama ada secara elektronik, fotokopi, mekanik, rakaman atau cara

    lain sebelum mendapat kebenaran bertulis daripada Pengarah, Bahagian

    Pembangunan Kurikulum, Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia, Aras 4-8, Blok E9,

    Parcel E, Kompleks Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62604 Putrajaya.

  • Draf 020413

    1

    Standard

    kandungan:

    1.0 Memperihal komputer Dan Fungsinya.

    Standard

    pembelajaran:

    1.1 Menyatakan maksud komputer.

    1.2 Mengenal dan menyenarai jenis

    komputer.

    Masa: 60 minit

    NOTA RUJUKAN

    Anda boleh lihat komputer di mana-mana sama ada di sekolah, di

    pejabat atau di rumah. Komputer juga digunakan untuk mengawal

    sesuatu peralatan seperti permainan kawalan jauh, mesin basuh, kereta

    ketuhar gelombang mikro dan mesin autoteler (ATM). Ia ada di mana-

    mana!

    Pada hari ini kita boleh melihat kenderaan yang berbagai jenis seperti

    kereta, kenderaan pelbagai guna, bas, lori dan sebagainya. Begitu juga

    dengan komputer. Komputer terdiri dari berbagai jenis. Ianya digunakan

    untuk berbagai tujuan dan berbeza dari segi saiz, harga dan keupayaan.

    Komputer adalah alat elektronik yang dapat menerima data, memproses

    data, menyimpan data dan menghasilkan output.

    Apa itu komputer ?

    MODUL DK1

    http://www.google.com.my/imgres?q=laptop+cartoon+characters&start=238&hl=en&gbv=2&biw=1280&bih=583&tbm=isch&tbnid=D8VWB5jVP1v_TM:&imgrefurl=http://www.123rf.com/photo_9353082_cartoon-smiling-laptop--vector-illustration.html&docid=MFOu_0YmmfpAcM&imgurl=http://us.123rf.com/400wm/400/400/clairev/clairev1104/clairev110400012/9353082-cartoon-smiling-laptop--vector-illustration.jpg&w=1200&h=915&ei=NIkJT-LoNYGyrAf0oa3MDw&zoom=1&chk=sbg

  • Draf 020413

    2

    Peranti: Peralatan yang disambung kepada

    sistem unit

    Perisian: Program atau arahan yang memberitahu

    komputer apa yang harus dilakukan

    Data: Fakta mengenai sesuatu benda atau

    orang seperti nama, gambar, warna,

    saiz, bilangan dan sebagainya

    Maklumat: Data yang telah diproses menjadi sesuatu

    yang bermakna

    Komputer boleh dikelaskan kepada tujuh (7) jenis komputer. Jenis-jenisnya

    bergantung kepada saiz , kelajuan dan kuasa pemprosesan.

    Rajah di sebelah menunjukkan tujuh(7) jenis komputer tersebut dan

    contoh-contohnya.

    Istilah-istilah asas yang perlu diketahui apabila belajar

    mengenai komputer:

    Jenis-jenis Komputer

    http://www.google.com.my/imgres?q=laptop+cartoon+characters&start=238&hl=en&gbv=2&biw=1280&bih=583&tbm=isch&tbnid=D8VWB5jVP1v_TM:&imgrefurl=http://www.123rf.com/photo_9353082_cartoon-smiling-laptop--vector-illustration.html&docid=MFOu_0YmmfpAcM&imgurl=http://us.123rf.com/400wm/400/400/clairev/clairev1104/clairev110400012/9353082-cartoon-smiling-laptop--vector-illustration.jpg&w=1200&h=915&ei=NIkJT-LoNYGyrAf0oa3MDw&zoom=1&chk=sbg

  • Draf 020413

    3

    1. Komputer peribadi

    2. Komputer mudah alih

    3. Konsol mainan berkomputer

    http://images.search.yahoo.com/images/view;_ylt=A2KJkIbgeg5PYWcAH06JzbkF;_ylu=X3oDMTBlMTQ4cGxyBHNlYwNzcgRzbGsDaW1n?back=http%3A%2F%2Fimages.search.yahoo.com%2Fsearch%2Fimages%3Fp%3Dnote%2Bbook%26n%3D30%26ei%3Dutf-8%26y%3DSearch%26fr%3Dsfp%26tab%3Dorganic%26ri%3D18&w=500&h=500&imgurl=www.laptopsarena.com%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2010%2F10%2Fhp-g60-235dx-notebook-2.jpg&rurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.laptopsarena.com%2Fhp-g60-235dx-notebook%2F&size=32.2+KB&name=HP+G60-235DX+Notebook+%7C+Laptops&p=note+book&oid=86a83466d08cfe172c14e49a02e07ce2&fr2=&fr=sfp&rw=notebook&tt=HP%2BG60-235DX%2BNotebook%2B%257C%2BLaptops&b=0&ni=32&no=18&tab=organic&ts=&sigr=11ijiblsc&sigb=138jskqj3&sigi=12bhumgh2&.crumb=.8f5dPvLAEG http://images.search.yahoo.com/images/view;_ylt=A2KJkIUrfg5PZFcAJtmJzbkF;_ylu=X3oDMTBlMTQ4cGxyBHNlYwNzcgRzbGsDaW1n?back=http%3A%2F%2Fimages.search.yahoo.com%2Fsearch%2Fimages%3Fp%3Dcomputer%2Bgame%2Bconsole%26n%3D30%26ei%3Dutf-8%26y%3DSearch%26fr%3Dsfp%26tab%3Dorganic%26ri%3D3&w=425&h=281&imgurl=www.hpseo.co.uk%2Farticle%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2Fgame_consoles.gif&rurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.hpseo.co.uk%2Farticle%2Fgame-over-the-end-for-game-consoles%2F456523&size=60.2+KB&name=...+internet+that+will+allow+pc+and+mac+users+stream+computer+games+says&p=computer+game+console&oid=0a30a80bb38db9bc7c6092a9c506e262&fr2=&fr=sfp&tt=...%2Binternet%2Bthat%2Bwill%2Ballow%2Bpc%2Band%2Bmac%2Busers%2Bstream%2Bcomputer%2Bgames%2Bsays&b=0&ni=48&no=3&tab=organic&ts=&sigr=129lfmv9m&sigb=13jkenp1r&sigi=11s9ipo33&.crumb=.8f5dPvLAEG http://images.search.yahoo.com/images/view;_ylt=A2KJkIUrfg5PZFcAPtmJzbkF;_ylu=X3oDMTBlMTQ4cGxyBHNlYwNzcgRzbGsDaW1n?back=http%3A%2F%2Fimages.search.yahoo.com%2Fsearch%2Fimages%3Fp%3Dcomputer%2Bgame%2Bconsole%26n%3D30%26ei%3Dutf-8%26y%3DSearch%26fr%3Dsfp%26tab%3Dorganic%26ri%3D27&w=400&h=400&imgurl=buypcgamesonlines.com%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2011%2F03%2FPsp-Game-Console.jpg&rurl=http%3A%2F%2Fbuypcgamesonlines.com%2Fpsp-game-console&size=16.3+KB&name=PSP+GAME+CONSOLE+%26gt%3B%26gt%3B+Psp+Reviews+%7C+Psp+Game+Prices+Guide&p=computer+game+console&oid=98442388320cc8e457645efd91448e7a&fr2=&fr=sfp&tt=PSP%2BGAME%2BCONSOLE%2B%2526gt%253B%2526gt%253B%2BPsp%2BReviews%2B%257C%2BPsp%2BGame%2BPrices%2BGuide&b=0&ni=48&no=27&tab=organic&ts=&sigr=11drvhs5i&sigb=13kp2h7nk&sigi=125ohtveg&.crumb=.8f5dPvLAEG

  • Draf 020413

    4

    4. Pelayan

    5. Komputer benam (embedded)

    6. Komputer tangan (hand held)

    http://images.search.yahoo.com/images/view;_ylt=A2KJkK41fw5P8UAA.SKJzbkF;_ylu=X3oDMTBlMTQ4cGxyBHNlYwNzcgRzbGsDaW1n?back=http%3A%2F%2Fimages.search.yahoo.com%2Fsearch%2Fimages%3Fp%3Dcomputer%2Bserver%26n%3D30%26ei%3Dutf-8%26y%3DSearch%26fr%3Dsfp%26tab%3Dorganic%26ri%3D16&w=694&h=684&imgurl=john.ccac.rwth-aachen.de%3A8000%2Falf%2Fpcs500%2Fpcs500_1_full.jpeg&rurl=http%3A%2F%2Fjohn.ccac.rwth-aachen.de%3A8000%2Falf%2Fpcs500%2F&size=103.1+KB&name=Photo+of+IBM+PC+Server+500%2C+Compared+to+Model+95&p=computer+server&oid=74161b57a29d8ffd6f5a6d87eee3d0d7&fr2=&fr=sfp&tt=Photo%2Bof%2BIBM%2BPC%2BServer%2B500%252C%2BCompared%2Bto%2BModel%2B95&b=0&ni=48&no=16&tab=organic&ts=&sigr=11gv9ubfe&sigb=13ejs9k76&sigi=11rvgpfis&.crumb=.8f5dPvLAEG http://images.search.yahoo.com/images/view;_ylt=A2KJkK41fw5P8UAA_CKJzbkF;_ylu=X3oDMTBlMTQ4cGxyBHNlYwNzcgRzbGsDaW1n?back=http%3A%2F%2Fimages.search.yahoo.com%2Fsearch%2Fimages%3Fp%3Dcomputer%2Bserver%26n%3D30%26ei%3Dutf-8%26y%3DSearch%26fr%3Dsfp%26tab%3Dorganic%26ri%3D19&w=500&h=480&imgurl=1userverrack.net%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2011%2F03%2Fcomputer-server-rack.jpg&rurl=http%3A%2F%2F1userverrack.net%2F2011%2F03%2F01%2Fcomputer-server-rack-4%2F&size=75.2+KB&name=1U+Server+Rack+%C2%BB+Blog+Archive+%C2%BB+computer+server+rack+-+A+...&p=computer+server&oid=a69fb40a79d9fcea4a191c0bee22c6d4&fr2=&fr=sfp&tt=1U%2BServer%2BRack%2B%25C2%25BB%2BBlog%2BArchive%2B%25C2%25BB%2Bcomputer%2Bserver%2Brack%2B-%2BA%2B...&b=0&ni=48&no=19&tab=organic&ts=&sigr=11qd2okaf&sigb=13ep6tvdf&sigi=124r65161&.crumb=.8f5dPvLAEG http://images.search.yahoo.com/images/view;_ylt=A2KJkK1sgQ5PjVwAQzSJzbkF;_ylu=X3oDMTBlMTQ4cGxyBHNlYwNzcgRzbGsDaW1n?back=http%3A%2F%2Fimages.search.yahoo.com%2Fsearch%2Fimages%3Fp%3Dwashing%2Bmachine%26sado%3D1%26n%3D30%26ei%3Dutf-8%26fr%3Dsfp%26fr2%3Dsg-gac%26tab%3Dorganic%26ri%3D7&w=298&h=298&imgurl=img.homedit.com%2F2010%2F10%2Fwashing-machine.jpg&rurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.homedit.com%2Fhow-to-choose-a-washing-machine%2F&size=10.7+KB&name=washing-machine&p=washing+machine&oid=9d371b9ad8e3a2ccbfafcab3c8d1244d&fr2=sg-gac&fr=sfp&tt=washing-machine&b=0&ni=48&no=7&tab=organic&ts=&sigr=11nj034fm&sigb=13mi1rhfd&sigi=11b8cjqn3&.crumb=.8f5dPvLAEG http://images.search.yahoo.com/images/view;_ylt=A2KJkK4Ciw5PvRMAvhOJzbkF;_ylu=X3oDMTBlMTQ4cGxyBHNlYwNzcgRzbGsDaW1n?back=http%3A%2F%2Fimages.search.yahoo.com%2Fsearch%2Fimages%3Fp%3Dphone%2Bcomputer%26n%3D30%26ei%3Dutf-8%26fr%3Dsfp%26tab%3Dorganic%26ri%3D16&w=413&h=413&imgurl=www.pcsphones.net%2Fimages%2Fapple-iphone-3gs-metro-pcs.jpg&rurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.pcsphones.net%2F&size=73.9+KB&name=Metro+PCS+unlocked+iPhone+3G.+Iphone+3G+from+Apple+Computer+is...&p=phone+computer&oid=90ba1824db9bd0b845b2e09f635efdad&fr2=&fr=sfp&tt=Metro%2BPCS%2Bunlocked%2BiPhone%2B3G.%2BIphone%2B3G%2Bfrom%2BApple%2BComputer%2Bis...&b=0&ni=48&no=1