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    Physical Literacy* and Kayaking Kayaking provides the following physical benefits:

    • Improves cardiovascular fitness • Increases muscle strength -

    particularly in the back, arms, shoulders and chest, from moving the paddle

    • Increases torso and leg strength, as the strength to power a canoe or kayak comes mainly from rotating the torso and applying pressure with your legs

    • Low impact activity that can improve aerobic fitness, strength and flexibility

    • Increases confidence • Improves self-worth • Increases communication skills • Team work

    KAYAKING Camp Levels Paddler • Flatwater • River Runner Kayak Master

    Equipment Kayak • Paddle • PFD • Whistle • Bailer Tow Rope

    Fundamental Movement Skills (FMS) Body Management Skills: Rolling • Stopping • Bending • Twisting Landing • Stretching • Climbing • Balance

    Locomotor Skills: Crawling • Walking • Dodging

    Object Control: Throwing • Catching • Striking • Bouncing

    Fundamental Sport Skills (FSS) Active Posture • Connectivity • Power Transfer • Communication

    L i t e r a c y *Physical Literacy is the motivation, confidence, physical competence, knowledge and understanding to value and take responsibility for engagement in physical activity for life.


    L i t e r a c y YMCAs of Cambridge & Kitchener-Waterloo physicalliteracy@ckw.ymca.ca ymcacambridgekw.ca

    Physical Literacy Check List  Do I have a clear plan for the program?

     Am I modelling movement vocabulary effectively?

     Are my words age and sport appropriate?

     Are my activities developmentally appropriate?

     Am I meeting the needs of participants with varying abilities?

     Are my progressions clear and relevant?

     Have I planned a Get To Know You (GTKY) activity so the kids can meet new people

    (each time)?

     Are there re-entry tasks to avoid elimination?

     Warm up and cool down activities have a Fundamental Movement Skills (FMS) purpose and

    help improve their skills

     Is there a skill/activity planned for those waiting on the side (when there is one-on-one or

    small group instruction)?

     Is there exposure to a variety of activities and Fundamental Movement Skills (FMS)?

     Does the environment allow for maximum participation and practice time?

     Is there enough equipment for everyone?

     Are the wait times short with few line-ups?

     Am I motivating the kids to achieve personal bests or learn new things?

     Am I building confidence through encouraging self-competition (improving on own skills not

    comparing to others)?

     Am I building a positive environment by making eye contact and smiling at the kids?

     Am I providing strength based feedback to each child (more than just good job)?

     Have I introduced myself (each time)?

  • Physical Literacy Physical Literacy

    Specific Language

    Left side of boat facing forward.

    Right side of boat facing forward.

    Front end of a boat.

    Rear end of a boat.

    Port1 Starboard Bow


    Progression and Activities Pool noodle jousting • Balance in kayak • Controlling kayak with paddle • Moving efficiently with paddle • Forwards, backwards, quick turns • Overhand throwing while sitting, standing

    Sport for Life Long-Term Athlete Development (LTAD) Model

    Questions to Promote Learning and Conversations • How did you hold the paddle to maximize speed? • How did your balance change as you paddled? • What are the challenges of paddling too fast or too slow? • How did your choice of paddle affect your speed? • How can you paddle forward powerfully and efficiently while maintaining balance?

    The LTAD model is an optimal training, competition and recovery schedule for each stage of development. Games and activites in YMCA programs will focus on the FUNdamentals, Learn to Train and Active for Life stages (dependent on age).

    Active Start

    FUN- damentals

    Learn to Train

    Train to Train

    Train to Compete

    Train to Win

    Active for Life

    STAGE 1 Males and

    Females 0–6

    STAGE 2 Males 6–9

    Females 6–8

    STAGE 3 Males 9–12

    Females 8–12

    STAGE 4 Males 12–16

    Females 11–15

    STAGE 5 Males 16–23+

    Females 15–21+

    STAGE 7 Enter at any age

    Males 19+ Females 18+

    STAGE 6

    Games with core rotation movement: Seated Rotations: Sit straddling a bench, or squeeze a pad or towel between your knees. Hold a club behind your back with your arms, so it sits in the crook of your elbows. Set your palms flat on your stomach and maintain your posture. Without moving your hips, rotate your torso to the right and hold for two seconds. Return to the starting position, then continue to the left and hold for two seconds. Alternate sides, 10 to a side. Hand Walks: Start standing up. Bend forward at the waist and set your hands on the ground so you’re on all fours. Slowly walk your hands out into a pushup position. Then, making sure to keep your knees straight, walk your toes toward your hands. Once you’re starting to feel a stretch, walk your hands back out and repeat for a total of 10 reps. One Leg Balance Games: One leg tag • Red Light/Green Light (and Yellow Light for slow; keep them on one leg) http://canoekayak.ca/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/FUNdamentals_Handout.pdf http://canoekayak.ca/canoekids-resources/


    5 7


    Place in cockpit where paddler sits.Seat

    The area the paddler sits in to best control their kayak.Cockpit

    The collar around the kayak’s cockpit for which a spray skirt or cover can easily be attached to keep the area dry.Cockpit Rim

    Enable paddlers to secure the inside of their knees under the forward cockpit area.Thigh Brace Enhance paddler safety as bow and stern lifelines best enable paddlers to grab the kayak from an in-water position.Lifeline

    Secure handholds at the bow and stern to help carry a kayak.Grab Handles

    Find a PFD of appropriate size (does not lift above the bottom of ears).Select PFD

    Body of kayak.Hull

    Top of kayak.Deck

    Blade, shaft, grip, throat, edge and tipPaddle