kayaking ... 2018/05/01 آ kayaking physical literacy* and kayaking kayaking provides the...
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Physical Literacy* and Kayaking Kayaking provides the following physical benefits:
• Improves cardiovascular fitness • Increases muscle strength -
particularly in the back, arms, shoulders and chest, from moving the paddle
• Increases torso and leg strength, as the strength to power a canoe or kayak comes mainly from rotating the torso and applying pressure with your legs
• Low impact activity that can improve aerobic fitness, strength and flexibility
• Increases confidence • Improves self-worth • Increases communication skills • Team work
KAYAKING Camp Levels Paddler • Flatwater • River Runner Kayak Master
Equipment Kayak • Paddle • PFD • Whistle • Bailer Tow Rope
Fundamental Movement Skills (FMS) Body Management Skills: Rolling • Stopping • Bending • Twisting Landing • Stretching • Climbing • Balance
Locomotor Skills: Crawling • Walking • Dodging
Object Control: Throwing • Catching • Striking • Bouncing
Fundamental Sport Skills (FSS) Active Posture • Connectivity • Power Transfer • Communication
L i t e r a c y *Physical Literacy is the motivation, confidence, physical competence, knowledge and understanding to value and take responsibility for engagement in physical activity for life.
L i t e r a c y YMCAs of Cambridge & Kitchener-Waterloo email@example.com ymcacambridgekw.ca
Physical Literacy Check List Do I have a clear plan for the program?
Am I modelling movement vocabulary effectively?
Are my words age and sport appropriate?
Are my activities developmentally appropriate?
Am I meeting the needs of participants with varying abilities?
Are my progressions clear and relevant?
Have I planned a Get To Know You (GTKY) activity so the kids can meet new people
Are there re-entry tasks to avoid elimination?
Warm up and cool down activities have a Fundamental Movement Skills (FMS) purpose and
help improve their skills
Is there a skill/activity planned for those waiting on the side (when there is one-on-one or
small group instruction)?
Is there exposure to a variety of activities and Fundamental Movement Skills (FMS)?
Does the environment allow for maximum participation and practice time?
Is there enough equipment for everyone?
Are the wait times short with few line-ups?
Am I motivating the kids to achieve personal bests or learn new things?
Am I building confidence through encouraging self-competition (improving on own skills not
comparing to others)?
Am I building a positive environment by making eye contact and smiling at the kids?
Am I providing strength based feedback to each child (more than just good job)?
Have I introduced myself (each time)?
Physical Literacy Physical Literacy
Left side of boat facing forward.
Right side of boat facing forward.
Front end of a boat.
Rear end of a boat.
Port1 Starboard Bow
Progression and Activities Pool noodle jousting • Balance in kayak • Controlling kayak with paddle • Moving efficiently with paddle • Forwards, backwards, quick turns • Overhand throwing while sitting, standing
Sport for Life Long-Term Athlete Development (LTAD) Model
Questions to Promote Learning and Conversations • How did you hold the paddle to maximize speed? • How did your balance change as you paddled? • What are the challenges of paddling too fast or too slow? • How did your choice of paddle affect your speed? • How can you paddle forward powerfully and efficiently while maintaining balance?
The LTAD model is an optimal training, competition and recovery schedule for each stage of development. Games and activites in YMCA programs will focus on the FUNdamentals, Learn to Train and Active for Life stages (dependent on age).
Learn to Train
Train to Train
Train to Compete
Train to Win
Active for Life
STAGE 1 Males and
STAGE 2 Males 6–9
STAGE 3 Males 9–12
STAGE 4 Males 12–16
STAGE 5 Males 16–23+
STAGE 7 Enter at any age
Males 19+ Females 18+
Games with core rotation movement: Seated Rotations: Sit straddling a bench, or squeeze a pad or towel between your knees. Hold a club behind your back with your arms, so it sits in the crook of your elbows. Set your palms flat on your stomach and maintain your posture. Without moving your hips, rotate your torso to the right and hold for two seconds. Return to the starting position, then continue to the left and hold for two seconds. Alternate sides, 10 to a side. Hand Walks: Start standing up. Bend forward at the waist and set your hands on the ground so you’re on all fours. Slowly walk your hands out into a pushup position. Then, making sure to keep your knees straight, walk your toes toward your hands. Once you’re starting to feel a stretch, walk your hands back out and repeat for a total of 10 reps. One Leg Balance Games: One leg tag • Red Light/Green Light (and Yellow Light for slow; keep them on one leg) http://canoekayak.ca/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/FUNdamentals_Handout.pdf http://canoekayak.ca/canoekids-resources/
Place in cockpit where paddler sits.Seat
The area the paddler sits in to best control their kayak.Cockpit
The collar around the kayak’s cockpit for which a spray skirt or cover can easily be attached to keep the area dry.Cockpit Rim
Enable paddlers to secure the inside of their knees under the forward cockpit area.Thigh Brace Enhance paddler safety as bow and stern lifelines best enable paddlers to grab the kayak from an in-water position.Lifeline
Secure handholds at the bow and stern to help carry a kayak.Grab Handles
Find a PFD of appropriate size (does not lift above the bottom of ears).Select PFD
Body of kayak.Hull
Top of kayak.Deck
Blade, shaft, grip, throat, edge and tipPaddle