KAP study preschool education in Montenegro 2014

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Knowledge, attitudes and practices of parents from the northern municipalities regarding pre-school education 2014 Ipsos. All rights reserved. Contains Ipsos' Confidential and Proprietary information and may not be disclosed or reproduced without the prior written consent of Ipsos.

METHODOLOGY2Location: MontenegroData collecting period: From November 23th to December 23th Sample universe:Parents of children 3-6 years old who are not enrolled in preschool and are living in municipalities in the northern region: Pljevlja, Bijelo Polje, Mojkovac, Kolasin, Plav, Andrijevica, Berane, Rozaje, Petnjica, Gusinje, Zabljak, Savnik and Pluzine.Sample frame:Data on no. of children 3-6 (MONSTAT) and no. of children in kindergartens (Ministry of education) per municipality, information on the coverage of preschool education in rural and urban areas from MICS5 researchType of sample: Choice of primary sampling units (polling station) - One stage random representative stratified sample; Choice of respondent within PSU: Convenient sampleSample size:600 respondents 306 parents of children who live in a settlement with a preschool 294 parents of children who live in a settlement without a preschool Number of sampling points:200 sampling points (3 interviews per sampling point)Method of data collection:Face-to-face interviews at the respondents household.Approximation of interview duration: 30 minutes

SAMPLE3Type of settlement Type of settlementType of householdCurrent working status of motherHH income per HH memberNumber of children of kindergarten age in the householdWith kindergartenWithout kindergartenUrbanRuralNuclear familyMultigenerational familyMother is workingMother is not workingUp to 50 eur51-100 eurOver 100 eurRefusalOne child2 or more children51%49%44%56%65%35%15%85%43%34%18%5%85%15%Child attended a nursery or kindergartenMother or father attend nursery/kindergartenAsked for information about the conditions for enrollment of child in kindergartenMain reason why children don`t attend a kindergartenWillingness to attend free 3-hour preschool programNationalityYesNoYesNoYesNoObjective obstaclesFinancial barriersPersonal reasonsYesNoMontenegrinSerbianMuslimOther18%82%15%85%53%47%29%31%40%92%8%22%23%46%9%100% Parents of children who are born in 2009., 2010. i 2011. and dont attend kindergartenDATA ABOUT THE SETTLEMENT449% of families in which children do not go to kindergarten live in rural settlements without a preschool institution, however, accessibility of primary schools is considerably better5Type of settlement in which the household is located: Base: Total target populationHalf live in clustered settlements and another half in scattered settlementsBase: rural settlements (56% of target population)For 2/3, the closest preschool institution is more than 4 km awayPrimary school is considerably more accessible than kindergarten and it is less than 4 km away for 80% of the citizensFor 2/3 of them the closest outpatient clinic and post office are more than 4 km awayFor children from rural settlements who do not go to kindergarten it is characteristic that: On average, for the children from rural areas who do not go to kindergarten it is the farthest institution6How far is the closest institution in km?Average values; Base: rural settlements (56% of target population)The closest primary school is less than 4 km away for 80% of these families, while for of them the closest school is less than 1 km away7Distance from the closest primary school:Base: rural settlements (56% of target population)Majority of parents from rural settlements, almost 2/3 of them, visit urban settlement less than once a week8How often during one week do you go to urban settlement (place) during one typical week?Base: rural settlements (56% of target population)For 2/3 of these people frequency of visits to urban settlement does not depend on seasonThe most common reasons for visiting the urban settlement are purchase of basic supplies (91%), visit to doctor (82%), and finishing some administrative taskIn majority of cases (74%) they come to town with their own car*50% of them do not have access to any public transport, while 14% have access to some irregular transport*Multiple answers*Multiple answersDATA ABOUT THE SETTLEMENT49% of families in which children do not go to kindergarten live in rural settlements without a preschool institution. One half of all rural settlements where children who do not go to kindergarten live (50%) are composed of scattered housing units.For 1/3 (33%) of these parents the closest preschool institution is more than 8 km away, and for 35% of them between 4 and 8 km. Primary schools are considerably more accessible and, in 80% of cases, they are less than 4 km away from these households. For 2/3 of them the closest outpatient clinic (64%) and post office (66%) are more than 4 km away.Average distance of the closest kindergarten is 9,5 km from these rural households, while the average distance of primary school is 2,4 km.Majority of these parents (62%) go to urban settlement less than once a week. Their visits to urban settlement mainly do not depend on the season (66%), and the most common reasons for visiting the urban settlement are purchase of basic supplies (91%), visit to doctor (82%), and finishing some administrative task (78%).In majority of cases (74%) they come to town with their own car. 25% of them use some local transport. More than of them do not have adequate public transport: 50% have no public transport whatsoever, while 14% have access to some irregular transport. In 2% of the cases the bus comes once a day, in 13% of cases the bus comes two times a day, for 15% of these citizens public transport comes 4 to 6 times a day, while in just 6% of the cases the local buses come in half-an-hour frequency.

9BASIC DATA ABOUT THE HOUSEHOLD10Majority of families are nuclear families. Nevertheless, as much as 2/3 of the families have five or more members. 39% of families have two minor children, while 32% of them have three children.11Base: Total target population61%35%4%Total number of household members:Number of children below 18 years of age in the household:Type of householdNuclearMultigenerationalSingle parentInformation about number of children below 18 years of age and their educational status12Base: Total target population12% of the households have children of secondary school age.Almost 2/3 of the household have children of primary school age.In 32% of the households there are children younger than 3 years.On average, there are 2,6 younger than 18 children per householdWhen it comes to children aged from 3 to 18 years, 72%have never attended either a kindergarten or nursery.Base: if there are children born between 1996 and 2008 (65% of target population)89% of children in primary school age attend primary school.84% of children of secondary school age attend secondary school.Base: If there are children in the household born from 1996 to 2000 (14% of target population)Base: If there are children in the household born from 2001 to 20080 (14% of target population)Besides stating that their household is composed of children and their parents, more than 1/3 mention some relative as a household member13Who lives in your household?Multiple answers; Base: Total target population99% of the households do not have children with disabilitiesAlmost 2/3 of mothers and almost of fathers have at least secondary education.14Base: Total target populationIn 85% of cases neither mother nor father attended the kindergarten.What is the last finished school of child`s/children`s mother?What is the last finished school of child`s/children`s father?More than of mothers are unemployed, 30% are housewives, while 10% are permanently employed1/3 of fathers are unemployed while 39% are permanently employedBASIC DATA ABOUT THE HOUSEHOLDAlmost 2/3 of families (61%) are of nuclear type. Nevertheless, as much as 2/3 of the families (67%) have five or more members. 20% of families have more than 7 members. 39% of families have two minor children, while 32% have three children. 12% of the families have one child. 12% of the households have children of secondary school age. Almost 2/3 of the households have children of primary school age. 32% of the households have children younger than 3 years.On average, there are 2,6 younger than 18 children per household.When it comes to children aged from 3 to 18 years, 72% have never attended either a kindergarten or nursery.89% of children in primary school age attend primary school. 84% of children of secondary school age attend secondary school.Besides stating that their household is composed of children and their parents, 44% mention some relative as a household member 99% of the households do not have children with disabilities, but the disabled children mainly have impaired vision and hearing.In majority of cases (85%) neither mother nor father attended the kindergarten. Majority of mothers and fathers have primary or secondary education. When it comes to employment, more than a half of mothers are unemployed, 30% are housewives, while 10% have [permanent employment. 1/3 of fathers are unemployed and 39% have a permanent job

15 SOCIO ECONOMIC STATUS OF THE HOUSEHOLD16Majority of families live in dwellings which are in good condition, and almost all of them have basic living conditions (electricity, running water, basic appliances...)17Evaluation of household`s dwelling (based on interviewer`s impression)Base: Total target populationCharacteristic of dwellings where children who do not attend kindergarten live18Base: Total target population2/3 of the households (66%) have more than 3 rooms in the house2/3 of the families live in the houses with 60+ m (29% of families live in the houses above 90m)In 58% of cases children have separate room from adult HH membersFinancial situation of families with childre