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Drug resistance - related mutations in multidrug - resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from diverse geographical regions Senia Rosales-Klintz, Pontus Jureen, Aksana Zalutskayae Journal Reading Diska Astarini (I11109083)

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Page 1: Jurnal Reading Ipd

Drug resistance - related mutations in multidrug - resistant Mycobacterium

tuberculosis isolates from diverse geographical regions

Senia Rosales-Klintz, Pontus Jureen, Aksana Zalutskayae

Journal Reading Diska Astarini (I11109083)

Page 2: Jurnal Reading Ipd

Introduction

• Globally, it is estimated that multidrug-

resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) affects

around 650,000 patients .

• Mismanagement of MDR-TB treatment

→ extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-

TB)

Page 3: Jurnal Reading Ipd

Introduction

•Rapid and accurate detection of

MDR/XDR-TB is a priority.

•Several genetic biomarkers have

been identified and shown to be

related to phenotypic drug

resistance.

Page 4: Jurnal Reading Ipd

Materials and methods

Sample of 120 clinical MDR M.tuberculosis samples collected from:

•Belarus -China•Honduras -Iraq•Iran -Romania•Uganda

•Both the invitro drug susceptibility testing(DST) and the DNA extraction were performed

Page 5: Jurnal Reading Ipd

PCR amplification and sequencing

•The DNA extracts were amplified and

sequenced to identify mutations in :

• the rifampicin resistance-determining region

(RRDR) of the rpoB gene

• the katG gene ,the mabA-inhA promoter

region

•and the quinolone resistance-determining

region (QRDR) in the gyrA gene

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Conclusion

•Knowledge of the prevalence of

geographic specific mutations can

allow the development of in-

house, PCR-based methods for

targeting mutations relevant in a

specific setting.

Page 11: Jurnal Reading Ipd

Conclusion

• Since there are clear geographical

differences in the presence and proportion of

resistance-related mutations, it is crucial to

include enough drug-resistant clinical

isolates from various parts of the world when

new diagnostic tools aimed at global

implementation are developed and evaluated.

Page 12: Jurnal Reading Ipd

THANK YOU