judaism. judaism: an introduction one of the oldest religions christianity and islam developed from...
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Judaism: An IntroductionOne of the oldest religionsChristianity and Islam developed from JudaismFirst religion to teach the belief in one GodStarted in Israel
History of JudaismBegan in the Middle East 3,500 years agoFounded by Abraham and MosesEastern European Jews immigrated between 1881 and 1924 to the USA6 million Jews were murdered in the Holocaust
Timeline 1900 BCE Abraham, the founder of Judaism, rejects polytheism and begins the tradition of monotheism.
1410-1050 BCE- The Jews settle in the land of Israel.
1933- The Nazi party takes power in Germany. The Jews are blamed for the country's misfortunes and are placed in concentration camps.
1939-1945 - The Second World War rages. Hitler implemented "The Final Solution," the extermination of all Jews. In the Nazi concentration camps, more than six million Jews were tortured, gassed, starved or otherwise killed. The Nazis conquered most of Europe, destroying 1/3 of the Jewish population in the world.
1948 - The State of Israel is established.
Judaism: What Followers BelieveOne GodJewish people are specially chosen by GodWorship in SynagoguesSpiritual leaders are called RabbisJewish Holy Book is the TORAH
Jewish ObservancesPrayers3 main daily prayer servicesPrayers of thanksgiving, praise, and prayers to ask for thingsTallit (Jewish prayer shawl is worn)Yarmulke is worn on the heads of Jewish men
Important Holy DaysSabbath: The Holy DayWeekly day of restSundown on Friday night to sundown on Saturday nightHigh Holy Days:Rosh Hashanah: Jewish New Year FestivalDays of Awe: 10 days between Rosh Hashanah and Yom KippurYom Kippur: most sacred and solemn day PassoverOther Festivals:Hanukkah: Festival of Lights
Special OccasionsBar Mitzvah/Bat MitzvahBoys age 13, girls age 12Read from the Torah & observe commandmentsConfirmationHigh school Signifies acceptance of faith
Jewish Dietary Law
The Bible commands that Jewish people follow certain dietary rules
Food is called Kosher
Purpose of this food is for purity, holiness and health
Do not eat pork or shellfish
Do not mix meat and milk
Jewish CalendarFestivals move from year to year
Start each day in the evening because God started each day in the evening when He created the world
Subdivisions of Judaism Humanistic Judaism
Judaism Today15 million followers worldwide, mostly in the USA and Israel6.5 million followers in the USAMajority of Jewish people in the USA reside in the NortheastNew Jersey has the second largest Jewish population after New York6% of New Jersey residents are Jewish (504,861 people)