judaism, christianity, and islam. the hebrews(israelites) group of nomadic people from canaan...

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  • Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
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  • The Hebrews(Israelites) Group of Nomadic people from Canaan Abraham 1 st to worship one god
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  • The Hebrews (Israelites) Forced to leave because of drought and famine Went to Egypt where they were enslaved Egyptian Prince named Moses leads the Hebrews out of Egypt around 1250 BC The Exodus
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  • Rise of Judaism Moses talked with God who made a covenant with the people Hebrews accept God as the ruler of heaven and Earth and Hebrews become the chosen people. Moses received the 10 Commandments.
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  • Teachings of Judaism Jews are monotheistic Belief in one God Call their God YAHWEH Holy text is the TaNaKh T Torah Teaching 5 books of Moses The Torah contains their laws and early teachings N Neviim The Prophets K Khtuvim The Writings Ethical World View People and their Rulers should lead moral lives
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  • Transition to Christianity Jews believe a messiah will come and deliver the Jews from foreign rule One anointed by God
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  • Rise of Christianity Grows out of the Jewish Faith Founded by Jesus of Nazareth Starts preaching when he is about 30
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  • Rise of Christianity Jesus arrested and crucified in 33 AD Story of his life is collected in books called the Gospels.
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  • Teachings of Christianity Christianity is a Monotheistic Religion Upholds the Ten Commandments Stresses Love for God and others. God loves all people Fundamental belief is that Jesus is the son of God and he came to Earth and died for the forgiveness of all of mans sins. If anyone believes this, they will have eternal life in heaven
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  • Teachings of Christianity Jesuss teachings are collected in the New Testament. The Gospels are the first 4 books of the New Testament.
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  • Rise of Islam Islam emerged in the Arabian Peninsula Developed from the teachings of Muhammad He was born in Mecca around 570 AD
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  • Rise of Islam Muhammad received messages from Gabriel angel of God to begin preaching Had to move from Mecca to Medina The hejira Turning point in Islam, marks the beginning of the expansion of Islam.
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  • Rise of Islam Muhammad raised a following in Medina and conquered Mecca. Islam continued to spread rapidly: Indus River to Atlantic Ocean
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  • Rise of Islam 30 years after Muhammad died Islam split into two sects Sunni and Shiites Sunni 940 million today; Traditional; Islamic leader elected by people Shia 120 Million today; Followers; Islamic leader descendant of Ali (Muhammads son in law and named successor)
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  • Teachings of Islam Summary There is no god but Allah: Muhammad is his prophet. Islam means submission. Muslim is someone who submits to God/Allahs will.
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  • Teachings of Islam 5 Pillars of Islam The 5 things that followers of Islam must do.
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  • Teachings of Islam 1 st Pillar - All Muslims must proclaim their belief in one God and that God revealed his word to Muhammad Same God of Jews and Christians Honor many prophets Abraham, Moses, and Jesus but Muhammad is the greatest one
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  • Teachings of Islam 2 nd Pillar - Muslims must pray 5 times a day While praying need to face the city of Mecca Allah alone is great. I testify that there is no god but Allah. I testify that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah. Come to Prayer. Come to Success. Allah alone is Great. There is no god but Allah.
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  • Teachings of Islam 3 rd Pillar Charity to the poor and aged 4 th Pillar Fasting during the month of Ramadan 3 rd Pillar Charity to the poor and aged 4 th Pillar Fasting during the month of Ramadan
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  • Teachings of Islam 5 th Pillar Pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in life if capable to THE HAJJ
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  • Teachings of Islam Sacred book is the Koran or Qur'an Authority on religion, politics, law, economic, and social life
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  • People of the Book Muhammad called Jews and Christians people of the book because they followed Gods teachings in the Bible and the Tanakh. Have special status as protected people and should be respected.
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  • Jihad Means struggle in the name of God. Includes inner struggle as well as external struggles in defense of Islam.
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  • Connection Between the 3 religions How are these three religions connected? Same God Monotheistic Judgment Day Trace their roots to Abraham Create a Line of Succession