Judaism: Basic Beliefs & History

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Judaism: Basic Beliefs & History. Being Jewish is taking part in both a religion AND a culture. Origins. Jewish history began when a man called Abraham was called from his home in Mesopotamia to travel to a new land the holy, or promised, land. Origins, cont. Approx. 1800 BCE. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<p>Judaism: Basic Beliefs &amp; History</p> <p>Judaism: Basic Beliefs &amp; History</p> <p>Being Jewish is taking part in both a religion AND a culture.OriginsJewish history began when a man called Abraham was called from his home in Mesopotamia to travel to a new land the holy, or promised, land.</p> <p>Abraham made a covenant (two-sided promise) with Yahweh (his god) for faith and obedience, Abrahams descendants would receive protection and live in Israel (Canaan). Abraham is considered the father of the Jewish (through Isaac) and the Muslim (through Ishmael) peoples. </p> <p>Origins, cont.Approx. 1800 BCEAccording to the Hebrew Bible, a man named Moses led the Jews out of slavery in Egypt back to the Promised Land. </p> <p>ExodusThis is called the EXODUS</p> <p>On his way, Moses received a new covenant from Yahweh atop Mt. Sinai</p> <p> the basis for Jewish law the Ten CommandmentsLaw and Order</p> <p>Law and Order, cont.</p> <p>MONOTHEISMThe 5 Books of Moses, also known as the Torah, form the basis of Jewish belief. Torah means instructionThere is also the Talmud, which gives further laws and rules for living.Holy Book</p> <p>Belief in the one god, YahwehGod (Yahweh) created the world with a plan and purposePeople were made with characteristics of the divine and with free willBasic BeliefsTraditional Jews went to Synagogue three times a day to prayCelebrate every Sabbath (holy day Saturday)Passover Festival (commemorating Exodus)Male circumcision as an infant (Bris)Coming-of-age ceremony (Bar or Bat Mizvah)Basic Methods of Worship</p> <p>In the shadow of the HolocaustApprox. 12 million Jews today, worldwideZionism = establishment for the Jewish state of IsraelModern Day</p>

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