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DESCRIPTIONJohannes Brahms. By Mylee Davis. May 7 1833- April 3 1897 German Composer Romantic period Pianist and Conductor. Parents Johann Jakob Brahms (1806–72 ) Johanna Henrika Christiane Nissen (1789–1865 ) First music lessons were given by his father. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Johannes Brahms By Mylee Davis
May 7 1833- April 3 1897German ComposerRomantic periodPianist and Conductor
ParentsJohann Jakob Brahms (180672)Johanna Henrika Christiane Nissen (17891865)First music lessons were given by his father. Played piano in a dance hall to help support his family at a very young age.Grew up in poverty
Brahms and SchumannSchumann, amazed by the 20-year-old's talent, published an article entitled "Neue Bahnen" (New Paths) in the 28 October 1853 issue of the journalNeue Zeitschrift fr Musikalerting the public to the young man, who, he claimed, was "destined to give ideal expression to the times.He became very attached to Schumann's wife, the composer and pianistClara, fourteen years his senior, with whom he would carry on a lifelong, emotionally passionate relationship.After Schumann's attempted suicide and subsequent confinement in a mental sanatorium nearBonnin February 1854, Brahms was the main intercessor between Clara and her husband, and found himself virtually head of the household.Influences
When Brahms was 7 years old, he began taking piano lessons under Otto Friedrich Willibald Cossel.He would continue his studies under Eduard Marxen, from whom he received instruction on theory and composition.Brahms admired the works ofSchubertand Beethoven.ComposerComposed for:Piano Chamber EnsemblesVoice ChorusSymphony OrchestraPremiered some of his own pieces
The Three Bs
Important Dates1854Accepts position as Director of Court Concerts and Choral Society for the Prince ofLippe-Detmold. In February, Robert Schumann has a breakdown, and Brahms returns toDsseldorf1864Resigns his post as Director of the Singakademie and in mid-June returns to Hamburg for a visit187518 April: Resigns as conductor of the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde. In the summer travels as previous summer, and develops his friendship with poet Gottfried Keller
1885October in Meinigen for the rehearsal of hisFourth Symphony. Immediately after takesa tour through Germany and the Netherlands1889Brahms appointed a "Freeman of Hamburg". From this year onward, spends his summers in Bad Ischl189621 May: Clara Schumann dies in Bonn. In September Brahms goes to Karlsbad for treatment
Major Works4 Symphponies, variations, overtures4 concertos (2 piano, 1 violin, 1 double concerto)Chamber Music Including string quartets and quintetsDuo sonatasPiano musicIncluding sonatas, character pieces, dances, variationsChoral musicLieder
Claras death greatly affected Brahms, who was already affected with cancer.He died ten moths after.1896- Her decline in health gave rise to his Four Serious Songs.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kMVYrIJQ86A
Symphony No. 3 in F MajorGoal: To prove that new and important things could still be said in the tradition of the Classical masters.Written in 1833- Brahms was 50 years old
Brahms Lullaby http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t894eGoymio
The Lullaby was first sung by Brahms's friend, Bertha Faber, as the piece had been written to celebrate the birth of her son.The lullaby's melody is one of the most famous and recognizable in the world, used by countless parents to sing their babies to sleep.
Interesting FactsBrahms was a voracious reader; his collection of books are now stored at theGesellschaft der Musikfreundein Vienna.Brahms never married.He wrote his "Eleven Chorale Preludes" for the organ while he was ill.He is buried at the Central Cemetery in Vienna, where he was laid to rest next toBeethovenandSchubert.The Later YearsIn 1890, the 57-year-old Brahms resolved to give up composing.He was unable to abide by his decision, and in the years before his death he produced a number of acknowledged masterpieces.While completing the Op.121 songs, Brahms developed cancer (sources differ on whether this was of theliverorpancreas).
Work Citedhttp://zumrotenigel.wordpress.com/http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/public/;jsessionid=4FFE7BC7B6C65833DD0387105F113DD6http://www.johannesbrahms.org/JBlist.htmhttp://www.geneva.edu/~dksmith/clara/schumann.htmlForney , Kristine.The Enjoyment of Music. 11. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2011. 247. Print.