Job roles in the media

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<ul><li> 1. JOB ROLES IN THE MEDIA Beth Higgins</li></ul><p> 2. CATEGORISED JOB ROLESJob sectorJob RoleManagementCasting Props dept.LocationCreativeProducerScriptDirection Hair and Make-upArt Dept. MusicCameraPerformanceCostumeEditorial (post production) Editing and Post ProductionTechnical CameraLightingFinancial AccountsAdministrativeDistribution 3. KEY TERMSKey TermMeaningShift workShift work a pattern of work which is designed toinclude all 24 hours of the day. People on shiftwork are often required to rotate their shiftsregularly, for e.g. one month they may work 12pm-8pm and the next, 8pm-4am.Fixed termA fixed term contract is a contract of employmentthat expires on a specified date decided prior to thesigning of the contract.Office hoursOffice hours is simply the amount of hours aspecific work place is open.Freelance A freelance worker is self employed and does nothave continuous employment, but is employed forspecific projects.Hourly ratesEmployees who work on an hourly rate are paid aset amount for the amount of hours they work, andany overtime they do, allows for extra pay accordingto the number of hours extra they work.Piece workPiece work is paid according to the quantity ofproducts created for a certain project. 4. MANAGEMENT: CASTING Casting Director Casting AssistantReturn 5. MANAGEMENT: LOCATION Unit Manager Location Manager Assistant Location ManagerReturn 6. MANAGEMENT: PROPS DEPT. The Properties Dept. Property Master Prop Maker Armourer Greensman Props Storeman Dressing Props Standby Props Return 7. CREATIVE: PRODUCER NOT ONLY HANDLING THE FINANCIAL SIDE BUT ALSO THE CREATIVE DRIVE BEHIND ITThe role of a producer is to transform storyline ideas, into the next big blockbusters, making surethere is a profit made. There is a lot of pressure on the producers shoulders as they are the oneswho have to create an environment in which the cast and crew working on the project can workas creatively and effectively as possible. The producer plays a role in every stage of the filmscreation:Development responsible for coming up with the baseline of the story, as well as finding thescript writer and the rights needed in order to create the film (if the film is a remake of a classic,a storyline from a book etc.)Pre-Production responsible for assisting the executive producer in raising funds for theproject. They also work closely with other creative members of the team e.g. directors,cinematographer etc.Production In charge of approving all changes during the project, e.g. script changes, budgetsetc.Post-Production Involved closely in the distribution and financial aspects once the film ismade.A good producer has aspects such as being a good: businessman, negotiator, motivator etc. Nospecific qualifications are needed to become a producer. Although many colleges do providecourses in film producing, it is hard to provide anyone with every skill needed in becoming a filmproducer. They need experience and persuasion in order to convince financers that their moneywill end up making a profit if they invest in the said project. Return 8. CREATIVE: DIRECTORPRODUCER NEEDS TO SECURE DIRECTOR WITH GOOD REPUTATION Similar to the writer sometimes approaching the producer with an idea, thiscan apply to the director, however the majority of the time, it is the producer who will approach the director once they have their ideas. It is often in thebest interest for the producer to look for a director who is well known as thiswill help to attract the interest of better writers and chances for financing of the film as people will know if they like previous films directed by said director and will happily have input on a similar film. Every director has anagent who will be in charge of their professional lives and these agents take a percentage cut of whatever the producer offers the director. Return 9. CREATIVE: ART DEPT. Art Dept. Overview Production Designer Art Director Supervising Art Director (Assistant, Standby) Set Director Production Buyer (Assistant) Concept Artist Graphic Artist Storyboard Artist Draughtsman (Junior)Return 10. CREATIVE: CAMERA Camera Dept. Overview Director of Photography Script Supervisor Camera Operator1st &amp; 2nd Camera Steadicam Operator Ariel Director of Photography Ariel Camera Pilot (Assistant) Marine and Diving Camera Crew Grip Crane Operator Video Assistant OperatorReturn 11. CREATIVE: COSTUME Costume Designer (Assistant) Wardrobe Supervisor Costume Supervisor Costume Maker Costume DailyReturn 12. CREATIVE: SCRIPT Screenwriter Development Executive Script Editor Script Reader Return 13. CREATIVE: MAKE UP DEPT. Chief Make up artist Chief Hairdresser Prosthetics Hair Dresser (Assistant) Make Up Artist (Assistant) TraineeReturn 14. CREATIVE: MUSIC Composer Music Supervisor Return 15. CREATIVE: PERFORMANCE Performers Overview Actors Agent Variety Artist Choreographer (Assistant) Singer Puppeteer Stunt Performer Return 16. EDITING AND POSTPRODUCTION Editor (Assistant and 2 nd) Post Production Supervisor Titles Designer Return 17. TECHNICAL: LIGHTING Director of Photography Gaffer Best Boy Lighting Technician Moving Light Operator Practical Light Technician Console Operator Genny OperatorReturn 18. FINANCIAL: ACCOUNTS Production Accountant Financial Controller Key Assistant Accountant (Assistant, Trainee)Return 19. ADMINISTRATIVE: DISTRIBUTION Distributor Marketing and Publicity Manager Publicist Marketing Assistant Sales AgentReturn 20. CASTING DIRECTORA casting director is in charge of casting all the roles for a production. Thisinvolves them working closely with the Producer and the Director to gain anunderstanding of the requirements needed for each character, The castingdirector arranges and directs all interviews with possible cast members.A new and up to date knowledge of upcoming talent is needed to be a castingdirector as it is important to know the type of actors that audiences arewanted to watch at the time. They are also responsible drawing up thecontracts with the cast members agents. Therefore negotiation is a key skillneeded in the role of casting director.Qualifications needed:Often a casting director will have a degree in some form of the this areaincluding the Arts, English, Media etc. however no specific qualifications areactually needed. Often casting directors begin as trainees at talent agencies.Return 21. LOCATION MANAGERA location manager is in charge of finding suitable locations for filming aswell as negotiating prices etc. with the land owners of their chosen location.They are also responsible for tackling issues which may affect surroundingland owners such as noise etc. After shooting the footage, the locationmanager is in charge of making sure that the specific location is left in the wayit was before filming commenced.Qualifications needed:No official qualifications are needed to become a location manager howevermuch experience is required. This means that many location managers begintheir career lives as runners, and work their way to where they want to be.A key factor to becoming a location manager is a high knowledge of healthand safety as well as full drivers licence, as they are required to find locations. Return 22. ARMOURERAny project including firearms have to involve an Armourer, without them, it would be illegal forthe firearms to be handled. They are in charge of transporting and storing the fire arms involvedin the film. The Armourer is in charge of the safety of the crew when handling the fire arms, andthey make the decision as to whether the cast which are expected to use the fire arms arecompetent enough. The Armoured is involved closely with the director and the producer indiscussing the script and researching what kind of fire arms would be appropriate to useaccording to the genre/ era of the film. They also work closely with the police on terms ofinforming them if any fire arms are going to be used outdoors during the filming.During filming, the Armourer will work with the director of photography to discuss whichcamera angles would be the best to use with the minimum risk of injury.Comprehensive training in the use of firearms is essential to take up the job role of an armourer.Permits and certificates are also required to prove that the armourer is allowed to be inpossession of the fire arms. Return 23. GRAPHIC ARTISTA graphic artist creates any prop which includes graphic items such as money,newspapers etc. It has to be done in a way where the audience cannot tell thatthe items are not genuine, therefore the graphic artist has to make a cleverreproduction. Graphic artists are often hired on the basis of reputation -often hired through the set decorator it helps for the graphic artist to havemade an impression on the set decorator in the past.Being a graphic artist involves having a lot of skill but the job is sporadic(occasional). Graphic artists work on a freelance basis charging for theirservices by the hour rather than a fixed salary. Return 24. MARINE AND DIVING CAMERA CREWQualifications needed: HSE Commercial Diving Certificate Part 4Job Role:The marine and diving crew are in charge of the safety of all crew during filming in the water.The underwater director of photography/ underwater camera operator takes up the role of thehead of the marine crew. The marine crew not only work with the others in the water, but also inplanning the scenes which will take place, including storyboarding with the Visual EffectsSupervisor and the Stunt Co-ordinators.Work Load:The work load of the marine crew is physically demanding and involves long foreign trips awayfrom home.Building up to becoming part of a Marine Diving Crew: Begin in junior positions and possible the 2 nd Assistant Camera. Return 25. WARDROBE SUPERVISORUsusally employed on larger budget productions, a wardrobe supervisor begins their work in theshort time before filming begins. A wardrobe supervisor is in charge of many of the costumeworkers and is also responsible for making sure that all equipment needed for the wardrobe is incorrect working order, as well as transporting the costumes to make sure they are where they areneeded and when. Organisation and managerial skills are important in the role of a wardrobesupervisor, as well as planning and scheduling skills. Sometimes wardrobe supervisors are also incharge of the budget for the costume department therefore skills in money management are alsoneeded.Sometimes a wardrobe supervisor is expected to draw up a risk assessment to make sure thatnone of their crew are injured using the machinery to create the costumes.Wardrobe supervisors must need good linguistic skills as they may be required to travel todifferent countries for the particular film they are working on.Qualifications needed:Qualifications in fashion design are not essential but often preferable. Experience gained fromworking in other such areas is a relevant factor. Often a wardrobe supervisor will work their wayup from other roles such as costume trainees. Due to the job involving travel, a full EU passportis needed. Return 26. SCREENWRITERA screen writer plays a major role in the development of creating a film. They are in chargeof researching the suggested story as well as developing and writing the narrative beforepresenting it to the Executives. This means that the screenwriters have a large influenceover the emotional impact of the specific screenplay.Often screen writers are freelance workers and either pitch their own ideas to producers inthe hope of them being further developed, or are hired by producers to make their visionscome alive.The difference between the amount of screenplays written and those actually made intofilms is very larger and there are very few screenwriters who make enough to live off thisjob alone.A screenwriter is responsible for providing blue prints of a film and must make the plansalive so that when pitching the ideas, cinematicall imagery is created in their minds.Qualifications needed:There is no formal training needed to become a screenwriter however there are a numberof courses available to people interested in the job. Producers will not accept screenplays ifthey are not written in a certain way so it is a good idea to develop your skills through oneof these courses.Return 27. PROSTHETICSProsthetic artists are required on many different forms of projects including film, musicvideos, documentaries, dramas etc. Their job requires forming bodily props made frommaterials such as silicone, gelatin etc. any material which can form a disfigurement to theactors.Prosthetic artists can be hired throughout the entire time of a production or can be hiredtemporarily as Dailies. A prosthetic artists usually works on a freelance basis and spendsmany hours away from home.A prosthetics job is to meet with the make up dept. pre production and discuss briefs ofspecific designs they are to follow. Some of the times the briefs they are given have beenrushed and are very basic, and the prosthetic artist is allowed to use their imagination tointerpret their own ideas providing it fits in with the brief. A prosthetic artist often worksfrom home however in larger productions, there is often a specific area build on set.Qualifications needed:Many prosthetic artists are self trained however there are courses available in the form ofBA degrees, and other vocational courses. A prosthetic artists will always needed to updatedportfolio made up from photographs of their work - for any job to provide an exampleof the kind of things they are used to. Return 28. COMPOSERA composer is required to write the music for a project, according to the directorsneeds. The composer needs to write music which creates the correct atmospherefor the film as well as emphasizing emotions. A composer oversees the wholeprocess from writing the music, guiding the orchestra and post production.Music written by a composer is required to be original. A composer is required tobe able to write music in different styles, appropriate for the genre of the film theyare writing for.They need to be able to have the creative insight which allows them to create thedirectors ideas into reality. They also need to be able to work with the newesttechnologies to create the best pieces.Qualifications needed:Often some form of music qualification is needed to become a composer howevermany projects simply require talent and compassion to make amazing pieces ofmusic. Some courses are available specifically for Composing for Film andTelevision, allowing people to work on film sets with orchestras.Return 29. PUPPETEERPuppeteers are required in filming to make inanimate objects performsimilarly to actors. Many different kinds of puppets are used by a puppeteerincluding: hand puppets, stringed puppets or even life sized puppets.Puppeteers are required to work in different environments, often poor oneseither above or below the stage. Puppeteers are sometimes required to workunder w...</p>