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THE ADDED VALUE OF EVIDENCED BASED GUIDANCE IN URBAN DESIGN PRACTICES Jo Appleby Heart Foundation
*Help all Australians to have environments that support healthy choices and promote heart health. A healthier food supply More active living A smoke-free AustraliaGOAL 1: Healthy Hearts
A Cross-Sector IssueCo-benefits of investing in healthy built environments
Public health benefits Reduced heart diseaseReduced type 2 diabetesReduced obesityImprovements in other risk factors Reduced traffic congestionReduced air pollutionClimate change, sustainability and reduced fossil fuel dependence Safer streets and more convivial neighborhoodsVibrant communities Fitness for work, productivity
(Giles Corti B., Foster S., Shilton TR & Falconer R. The co-benefits of investing in active transportation. NSW Public Health Bulletin. July 2010)
ImagesSource: Heart Foundation
Collaborative ProjectCoordinated by:National Heart Foundation In collaboration with:Department of Planning Department of TransportDepartment of Sport and Recreation Department of Health Planning Institute of AustraliaMetropolitan Redevelopment AuthorityLandcorp
3 Phase Project Commenced 2009
The Evidence Western Australia40% of WA adults insufficiently activeBy 2061 WAs population is expected to reach 7.7 million,By 2020, an additional 1 million motorised vehicles are predicted to be on Perth roadsPerth is the second most congested city in Australia Perth's urban sprawl has overtaken Los Angeles and Tokyo Rapid growth demonstrated in regional areas Rapid population growth must be underpinned by sufficient community infrastructure
AudiencePrimary audience Planners (Land Use and Transport)Local Government (Planning and Transportation) Developers
Secondary audience Those who work with planners (and the built environment) Sport and recreation workersTransportHealth promotionParks and gardensLocal Government officials Education
End User Consultation Metro Workshops Regional Workshops Online surveys ConferencesMaster Class End-user web testingLocal Government testing
All with the primary end user in mind
HABD ToolSelected Design Features
Mixed-useMovement NetworkSchools Sense of Place Shared FacilitiesBuildingsTown centre/Main Street Public Open SpaceHousing Diversity
** The Food environment to be integrated throughout all design features
The creation of compact mixed-use neighbourhoods with a diverse mix of employment, education, retail, fresh and healthy food outlets and recreation land uses and destinations integrated with public transport and within close proximity of a variety of residential dwelling typesallows residents to undertake and fulfil a variety of daily activities and needs (i.e., live, work, play) in their neighbourhood and encourages active and sustainable modes of transport.
Movement Network Provide accessible, safe and connected movement networks integrating walking, cycling and public transport routes for safe and convenient travel within and between neighborhoods and to local destinations.Maximizes opportunities to engage in planned and incidental physical activity and encourages the use of public transport.
Town Centres / Main Street
Provide for the diverse daily needs of a community through the provision of walkable neighbourhood and town centres that act as community focal points or hubs with a concentration of co-located destinations and mixed land uses that attract people for a multitude of activities and fulfil a variety of daily activities and needs. . These should be surrounded by a network of connected streets, paths and cycle ways, integrated with public transport and within close proximity of a variety of residential dwelling types.
Public Open Space Provide a well distributed network of walkable attractive and public open spaces and natural areas within the neighbourhood
Provides for a variety of recreational, sporting, play and social needs of the community.
Provide a range of residential lot sizes and choice of housing products and tenures to facilitate housing diversity and choice to meet the different housing needs of the community.
This includes increased residential densities in close proximity to support mixed-use centres, local employment, community facilities and public transport.
Sense of Place Walkable environments are required to enhance sense of community and social capital by encouraging and facilitating social ties or community connections through opportunities for residents to meet, interact and engage in their neighbourhood.
Increases the sense of community or social capital through the facilitation of interaction between residents.
Develop integrated community facilities and shared use of sport and recreation facilities and spaces to enhance opportunities for sports participant, physical activity and enhancement of wellbeing and community interaction and cohesion.
Provide schools within walkable proximity (around 800m) to homes and ensure that the routes to school are connected and facilitate childrens active transport to school through the provision of footpaths and cycling infrastructure and served by public transport.
Provide sport and play opportunities for children and open spaces that are capable of accommodating a range of school and community needs, as well as safe walking and cycling access.
Develop buildings and site designs that specifically supports increased levels of physical activity through the provision of spaces and facilities that promote incidental physical activity.
Design to encourage stair use, active transport (end of trip facilities), less sitting, convenient access to public transport options.
Multiple FeaturesEvidence summaryPolicy links and prioritiesBest practice WA case studies Examples (international and national)ChecklistProgram/resource links
EVIDENCEWhat do we mean by.?Why is it importantSummary of evidence
Strong evidence Supported by a pattern of evidence from at least five cross-sectional studies plus review-level evidence. Strength of research allows us to conclude that there is a relationship and a behavioural outcome. Emerging evidence Design strategies supported by an emerging pattern of research. Existing studies have given reason to believe the that the intervention will likely lead to increased physical activity Suggested practices Indicates strategies without a formal evidence base. However theory, common understandings of behaviour and experience from existing practice indicate that these measures will likely increase physical activity. That which can be asserted without evidence, can be dismissed without evidence. Christopher Hitchens.
Case StudiesIntroductionLocation Description of project Project team Project costValues Health value Economic valueEnvironmental valueSocial valueUse value
_Busselton JettyPerth Cultural Centre
ExamplesLinks to local, national andInternational projects thatdemonstrate the use of one ormore design features.
The links may refer to presentations,TED talks, strategies, resources, nonWestern Australian policies, projects or sites of interest.
ImageArchdaily.com8 House by BIG Photo Credit: Jen Lindhe
New York City
ImageInhabitat.comSummer Street 2012 Kinks off in New York CityMarc Carter
Future DirectionsPhase 3 from 2014 Launch2014 2015 Ongoing maintenance, development of website, partnership and evaluationPolicy updates and integration into plans across sectors New case studies and examples New evidence Future website functionalityE.g. training modulesVideo and graphics Interactive toolsE news
*Goal 1: HEALTHY HEARTS We want to help create environments that give Australians healthy options and provide information and support to promote their heart health.To create these environment, we will focus on achieving three things. A healthier food supply We will provide national leadership and advocate for improvements to our food supply as part of a national food reformulation program, to help Australians eat less salt and saturated fat.We will be calling on companies to reformulate food products, using the Heart Foundation Tick, and developing and distributing information aimed at reducing peoples intake of salt and saturated fats. We know that the biggest health gains will come from a robust and comprehensive program that improves the nutritional quality of our food before it even arrives in Australians homes. We will work with health organisations, food companies and governments to push for healthier foods and we want front of pack labelling to become better utilised and understood to help people make healthier choices.More active livingWed like to make it easier for more Australians to meet the national adult physical activity guidelines of being active for at least 30 minutes on most days of the week. To do this well be advocating vigorously for public policy promoting healthier built environments and the increased use of active travel, with an emphasis on walking and cycling.Well also continue our role of providing people with simple but effective ways to embrace a healthier lifestyle and show them how more activity can be built into even the busiest of lives.
A smoke-free Australia We want fewer Australians smoking o