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  • JWBT385_Cottrell_FM.indd iiJWBT385_Cottrell_FM.indd ii 11/21/10 10:55 AM11/21/10 10:55 AM

  • Guide to the LEED® AP Building Design and

    Construction (BD+C) Exam

    JWBT385_Cottrell_FM.indd iJWBT385_Cottrell_FM.indd i 11/21/10 10:55 AM11/21/10 10:55 AM

  • JWBT385_Cottrell_FM.indd iiJWBT385_Cottrell_FM.indd ii 11/21/10 10:55 AM11/21/10 10:55 AM

  • John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

    MICHELLE COTTRELL, LEED AP BD+C

    Building Design and Construction (BD+C) Exam

    GUIDE TO THE LEED® AP

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  • This book is printed on acid-free paper.

    Copyright © 2011 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.

    Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey.

    Published simultaneously in Canada.

    No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning, or otherwise, except as permitted under Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc., 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, 978-750-8400, fax 978-646-8600, or on the web at www.copyright.com. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030, 201-748-6011, fax 201-748-6008, or online at http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions.

    Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: While the publisher and author have used their best efforts in preparing this book, they make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this book and specifi cally disclaim any implied warranties of merchantability or fi tness for a particular purpose. No warranty may be created or extended by sales representatives or written sales materials. The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for your situation. You should consult with a professional where appropriate. Neither the publisher nor author shall be liable for any loss of profi t or any other commercial damages, including but not limited to special, incidental, consequential, or other damages.

    For general information on our other products and services, or technical support, please contact our Customer Care Department within the United States at 800-762-2974, outside the United States at 317-572-3993 or fax 317-572-4002.

    Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books.

    For more information about Wiley products, visit our Web site at http://www.wiley.com.

    LEED® and USGBC® are registered trademarks of the U.S. Green Building Council. The publisher is not affi liated with the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) or the Green Building Certifi cation Institute (GBCI) and does not administer LEED AP programs or the LEED Green Building Rating System. The publisher does not claim any endorsement or recommendation of its products or services by USGBC or GBCI.

    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data:

    Cottrell, Michelle.

    Guide to the LEED AP building design and construction (BD + C) exam / Michelle Cottrell.

    p. cm.

    Includes index.

    ISBN 978-0-470-89042-4 (pbk.); ISBN 978-0-470-93397-8 (ebk); ISBN 978-0-470-93400-5 (ebk); ISBN 978-0-470-93401-2 (ebk); ISBN 978-0-470-95021-0 (ebk); ISBN 978-0-470-95045-6 (ebk)

    1. Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Green Building Rating System–Examinations– Study guides. 2. Sustainable construction–Examinations–Study guides. I. Title.

    TH880.C678 2011

    690.028'6–dc22

    2010028362

    Printed in the United States of America

    10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

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    http://www.copyright.com http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions http://www.wiley.com

  • v

    Acknowledgments ix

    Introduction xi

    PART I: RAMPING UP 1

    CHAPTER 1 UNDERSTANDING THE CREDENTIALING PROCESS 3

    The Tiers of the Credentialing Process 3 The First Tier of the Credentialing System: LEED Green Associate 3

    The Second Tier of the Credentialing System: LEED Accredited Professional with Specialty 4

    The Third Tier of the Credentialing System: LEED Fellow 4

    The Application Process 5

    Apply! 6

    Register! 6

    Schedule! 7

    Why Earn LEED Credentials? 7

    CHAPTER 2 SUSTAINABILITY AND LEED BASICS REVIEW 9

    The Benefi ts of Green Buildings 10 The Triple Bottom Line 11

    The Design and Construction Process 13 The Project Team Members 13

    Conventional Projects versus the Integrative Design Approach 13

    Do Green Buildings Cost More? 16

    USGBC and GBCI 17

    Contents

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  • vi CONTENTS

    CHAPTER 3 THE LEED RATING SYSTEMS OF THE BD+C REFERENCE GUIDE 21

    LEED for New Construction and Major Renovation (LEED NC) 21

    LEED for Core & Shell (LEED CS) 21

    Precertifi cation 22

    LEED for Schools 22

    The Categories of LEED 23

    Prerequisites and Credits 23 Credit Weightings 25

    The LEED Certifi cation Process 27 LEED-Online 28

    Registration 28

    Credit Submittal Templates 30

    Credit Interpretation Requests and Rulings 31

    Certifi cation Review 31

    PART II: DIVING IN: THE STRATEGIES AND TECHNOLOGIES OF LEED 37

    CHAPTER 4 SUSTAINABLE SITES 39

    Site Selection 40 Site Location in Relation to LEED Compliance 41

    Transportation 44 Transportation in Relation to LEED Compliance 45

    Site Design and Management 49 Site Design in Relation to LEED Compliance 50

    Stormwater Management 59 Stormwater Management in Relation to LEED Compliance 60

    SS Study Worksheets 66

    CHAPTER 5 WATER EFFICIENCY 105

    Indoor Water Use 107 Indoor Water Use in Relation to LEED Compliance 107

    Outdoor Water Use for Irrigation 112 Outdoor Water Use in Relation to LEED Compliance 114

    Process Water 116 Process Water Use in Relation to LEED Compliance 117

    WE Study Worksheets 120

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  • CONTENTS vii

    CHAPTER 6 ENERGY AND ATMOSPHERE 129

    Energy Effi ciency 129 Process Energy versus Regulated Energy 132

    Energy Effi ciency in Relation to LEED Compliance 135

    Tracking Energy Consumption 140 Tracking Energy Consumption in Relation to LEED Compliance 141

    Managing Refrigerants 144 Managing Refrigerants in Relation to LEED Compliance 144

    Renewable Energy 146

    EA Study Worksheets 151

    CHAPTER 7 MATERIALS AND RESOURCES 163

    Salvaged Materials and Material Reuse 165 Salvaged Materials and Material Reuse in Relation to LEED Compliance 165

    Building Material Selection 168 Material Selection in Relation to LEED Compliance 169

    Waste Management 174 Waste Management in Relation to LEED Compliance 176

    MR Study Worksheets 179

    CHAPTER 8 INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY 197

    Indoor Air Quality 199 Ventilation Strategies in Relation to LEED Compliance 199

    IAQ Practices during Construction in Relation to LEED Compliance 202

    Prevention and Segregation Methods in Relation to LEED Compliance 209

    Thermal Comfort 211 Thermal Comfort in Relation to LEED Compliance 211

    Lighting 214 Lighting in Relation to LEED Compliance 215

    Acoustics 218 Acoustics in Relation to LEED Compliance 218

    EQ Study Worksheets 223

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  • viii CONTENTS

    CHAPTER 9 INNOVATION IN DESIGN AND REGIONAL PRIORITY 263

    Innovation in Design 263 ID Credit 1: Innovation or Exemplary Performance 263

    ID Credit 2: LEED Accredited Professional 265

    ID Credit 3: The School as a Teaching Tool 265

    Regional Priority 266

    ID Study Worksheets 269

    PART III: STUDY TIPS AND APPENDICES 275

    CHAPTER 10 STUDY TIPS 277

    Preparing for the LEED AP BD+C Exam: Week Seven 277 Practice Exam Approach 278

    The Testing Center Environment 278

    Exam Structure 279 When at the Testing Center 280

    Exam Scoring 280

    After the Exam 281

    APPENDICES 283

    A BD+C Rating Systems 283

    B Minimum Program Requirements (MPRs) for BD+C Rating Systems 284

    C LEED Certifi cation Process 286

    D Main Category Summaries 288

    E Related Prerequisites and Credits 290

    F Sample LEED NC Scorecard 292

    G Sample LEED CS Scorecard 293

    H Sample LEED for Schools Scorecard 294

    I Exemplary Performance Opportunities within the BD+C LEED Rating Systems 295

    J Referenced Standards of BD+C 297

    K Answers to Quiz Questions 301

    L Abbreviations and Acronyms 312

    M Sample Credit 316

    CREDITS 317

    INDEX 319

    SAMPLE FLASHCARDS

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  • ix

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