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  • Jesus and Mary reiMagined in early Christian literature

    SBL P

    ress

  • Writings from the greco-roman World supplement series

    ronald F. hock, editor

    number 6SBL P

    ress

  • Jesus and Mary reiMagined in early Christian literature

    Edited by

    Vernon K. robbins and Jonathan M. Potter

    sBl PressatlantaSBL P

    ress

  • Copyright 2015 by sBl Press

    all rights reserved. no part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, or by means of any information storage or retrieval system, except as may be expressly permit-ted by the 1976 Copyright act or in writing from the publisher. requests for permission should be addressed in writing to the rights and Permissions Office, sBl Press, 825 hous-ton Mill road, atlanta, ga 30329 usa.

    library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication data

    Jesus and Mary reimagined in early Christian literature / edited by Vernon K. robbins and Jonathan M. Potter.

    p. cm. (society of Biblical literature. Writings from the greco-roman world supplement series ; Volume 6)

    includes bibliographical references and indexes.isBn 978-1-62837-063-8 (paper binding : alk. paper) isBn 978-1-62837-064-5 (electronic format) isBn 978-1-62837-065-2 (hardcover binding : alk. paper)1. Bible. new testamentCriticism, interpretation, etc. 2. Jesus ChristBibli-

    cal teaching. 3. Mary, Blessed Virgin, saintBiblical teaching. i. robbins, Vernon K. (Vernon Kay), 1939 editor. ii. Potter, Jonathan M.

    Bs2361.3.J48 2015225.6dc23 2015005717

    Printed on acid-free, recycled paper conforming to ansi/nisO Z39.48-1992 (r1997) and isO 9706:1994

    standards for paper permanence.SBL P

    ress

  • Contents

    abbreviations ...................................................................................................vii

    introduction .......................................................................................................1Vernon K. robbins and Jonathan M. Potter

    Part 1: luke-acts

    Priestly discourse in luke and actsVernon K. robbins ...................................................................................13

    Bodies and Politics in luke 12 and sirach 4450: Men, Women, and BoysVernon K. robbins ...................................................................................41

    Part 2: Protevangelium of James

    Who am i to Be Blessed? Mary as Blessed Mother in the Protevangelium of JamesChristopher t. holmes ............................................................................67

    temple Virgin and Virgin temple: Marys Body as sacred space in the Protevangelium of JamesMeredith elliott hollman ......................................................................103

    From Prophetic hymns to death at the altar: luke 12 and Protevangelium of JamesMichael K. W. suh and Vernon K. robbins ........................................129SB

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  • vi COntents

    Part 3: acts of John

    naked divinity: The transfiguration transformed in the acts of JohnJonathan M. Potter .................................................................................181

    Christ as Cosmic Priest: a sociorhetorical examination of the Crucifixion scenes in the gospel of John and acts of JohnThomas Jared Farmer .............................................................................223

    Part 4: response essays

    response: luke and the Protevangelium of Jamesronald F. hock .......................................................................................253

    response: The gospel of John and the acts of Johnsusan e. hylen ........................................................................................279

    rhetorical discourses in gospel of John and acts of John: a responsel. gregory Bloomquist ..........................................................................291

    Bibliography ...................................................................................................313

    Contributors ...................................................................................................323

    ancient sources index ..................................................................................325Personal names index ..................................................................................348

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  • abbreviations

    Primary sources

    1Qs rule of the Communityacts Pet. acts of PeteraJohn acts of JohnAnt. Josephus, Jewish Antiquitiesapoc. el. apocalypse of elijahapoc. Pet. apocalypse of PeterArch. Vitruvius, On Architectureb. Babylonian talmudCd damascus documentCher. Philo, On the CherubimDef. med. Pseudo-galen, Medical DefinitionsDet. Philo, Quod deterius potiori insidari soleat (That the

    Worse Attacks the Better)Deus Philo, Quod Deus sit immutabilis (That God Is Unchange-

    able)El. euripides, ElectraEp. Epistle(s)Fab. aesop, FablesFrag. Fragment(s)Frg. tg. Fragmentary targumFug. Philo, De fuga et inventione (On Flight and Finding)Geogr. strabo, Geographygit. gittingJohn gospel of Johngos. Mary gospel of Marygos. Thom. gospel of ThomasHaer. irenaeus, Adversus haereses (Against Heresies)Her. Philo, Quis rerum divinarum heres sit (Who Is the Heir?)

    -vii -SB

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  • viii aBBreViatiOns

    Hist. eccl. eusebius, Ecclesiastical HistoryJdt JudithJ.W. Josephus, Jewish WarLeg. Philo, Legum allegoriae (Allegorical Interpretation)m. MishnahMem. Xenophon, MemorabiliaMigr. Philo, On the Migration of AbrahamMorb. hippocrates, De morbis (On Diseases)Mos. Philo, On the Life of MosesOd. homer, OdysseyOpif. Philo, De opificio mundi (On the Creation of the World)P.Oxy Oxyrhynchus papyriParm. Plato, ParmenidesPhileb. Plato, PhilebusPJ Protevangelium of JamesProbl. Pseudo-aristotle, ProblemsProv. Philo, On ProvidenceQE Philo, Questions and Answers on ExodusQG Philo, Questions and Answers on Genesissanh. sanhedrinStoic. rep. Plutarch, De Stoicorum repugnantiisSubl. (Pseudo-)longinus, On the Sublimet. toseftataan. taanittg. neof. targum neofitiTheaet. Plato, TheaetetusTheog. hesiod, Theogonyt. 12 Patr. testament of the twelve Patriarchst. Benj. testament of Benjamint. Jos. testament of Josepht. levi testament of levit. reu. testament of reubent. sim. testament of simeony. Jerusalem talmud

    secondary sources

    aB anchor BibleANRW temporini, hildegard, and Wolfgang haase, eds. Auf-SB

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  • aBBreViatiOns ix

    stieg und Niedergang der romischen Welt: Geschichte und Kultur Roms im Spiegel der neueren Forschung. Part 2, Principat. Berlin: de gruyter, 1972

    antC abingdon new testament CommentariesBBR Bulletin for Biblical ResearchBdag danker, Frederick W., Walter Bauer, William F. arndt,

    and F. Wilbur gingrich. Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. 3rd ed. Chicago: university of Chicago Press, 2000

    Bis Biblical interpretation seriesBts Biblical tools and studiesBJs Brown Judaic studiesBTB Biblical Theology BulletinBZnW Beihefte zur Zeitschrift fr die neutestamentliche Wis-

    senschaftCBQ Catholic Biblical QuarterlyCCsa Corpus Christianorum: series apocryphorume-P ehrman, Bart d., and Zlatko Plese. The Apocryphal Gos-

    pels: Texts and Translations. new york: Oxford university Press, 2011

    eseC emory studies in early ChristianityGRBS Greek, Roman, and Byzantine StudiesHUCA Hebrew Union College AnnualiCC international Critical CommentaryiPM instrumenta Patristica et MediavaliaJBL Journal of Biblical LiteratureJSNT Journal for the Study of the New TestamentJsntsup Journal for the study of the new testament supplement

    seriesJsOtsup Journal for the study of the Old testament supplement

    serieslsJ liddell, henry george, robert scott, henry stuart Jones.

    A Greek-English Lexicon. 9th ed. with revised supple-ment. Oxford: Clarendon, 1996

    na28 Novum Testamentum Graece, nestle-aland, 28th ed.nets A New English Translation of the Septuagint. edited by

    albert Pietersma and Benjamin g. Wright. new york: Oxford university Press, 2007

    niCnt new international Commentary on the new testamentSBL P

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  • x aBBreViatiOns

    NPNF1 Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, series 1NPNF2 Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, series 2nrsV new revised standard Versionntl new testament libraryNTS New Testament StudiesPg Patrologia graecaPl Patrologia latinaPMs Publications in Medieval studiesR&T Religion and TheologyRCT Revista catalana de teologiarra rhetoric of religious antiquitysaaa studies on the apocryphal acts of the apostlesscholBib The scholars BiblesP sacra Paginasrr studies in rhetoric and religionTDNT Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. edited by

    gerhard Kittel and gerhard Friedrich. translated by geoffrey W. Bromiley. 10 vols. grand rapids: eerdmans, 19641976

    tlg Thesaurus linguae graecaetugal texte und untersuchungen zur geschichte der altchristli-

    chen literaturTynBul Tyndale BulletinWBC Word Biblical CommentaryWgrW Writings from the greco-roman WorldWunt Wissenschaftliche untersuchungen zum neuen testament

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  • introduction

    Vernon K. Robbins and Jonathan M. Potter

    a majority of the essays in this volume developed from a Phd seminar titled luke, John, and emerging gospels at emory university during spring 2013. after some intensive sessions on the gospels of luke and John, every-one began to work through the infancy gospel of Thomas and the Prot-evangelium of James (PJ). some of the highly detailed work the students were posting electronically e