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Slide 2 Jeopardy Darwin. Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500 Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500 Final Jeopardy Slide 3 In the Galpagos, Darwin was able to observe a.a. completely unrelated organisms on each of the islands. b.b. most of the species of animals found in South America. c.c. similar species in somewhat different habitats. d.d. species unrelated to those found in South America. Slide 4 $100 Answer from H1 C Slide 5 The species of finches that Darwin found on the Galpagos Islands displayed different structural adaptations. One of the adaptations that Darwin noted was the a.a. similarities of the birds' embryos. b.b. birds' differently shaped beaks. c.c. length of the birds' necks. d.d. number of eggs in each bird's nest. Slide 6 $200 Answer from H1 B Slide 7 Considering the adaptations he observed in finches and tortoises in the Galpagos, Darwin wondered a.a. if animals living on different islands had once been members of the same species. b.b. if finches and tortoises had originated from the same ancestral species. c.c. if all birds on the different islands were finches. d.d. why all tortoises on the different islands were identical. Slide 8 $300 Answer from H1 A Slide 9 Darwin formulated his theory of evolution by natural selection after a.a. experimentation with animals. b.b. observations of many species and their geographical distributions. c.c. reading the writings of Wallace. d.d. agreeing with Lamarck about the driving force behind evolution. Slide 10 $400 Answer from H1 B Slide 11 The wings of experimental fruit flies were clipped short each generation for fifty generations. The fifty-first generation emerged with normal-length wings. This observation would tend to disprove the theory of evolution based on a.a. inheritance of mutations. b.b. inheritance of acquired characteristics. c.c. natural selection. d.d. survival of the fittest. Slide 12 $500 Answer from H1 B Slide 13 The economist Malthus suggested that a.a. people die faster than babies are born. b.b. babies are born faster than people die. c.c. in the 1700s, Earth was overrun by people. d.d. in the 2000s, the seas will be overrun by oysters. Slide 14 $100 Answer from H2 B Slide 15 Galpagos birds that Darwin thought were wrens, warblers, and blackbirds really were all a.a. wrens. b.b. finches. c.c. mockingbirds. d.d. blackbirds. Slide 16 $200 Answer from H2 B Slide 17 When a farmer breeds only his or her best livestock, the process involved is a.a. natural selection. b.b. artificial selection. c.c. artificial variation. d.d. survival of the fittest. Slide 18 $300 Answer from H2 B Slide 19 According to Darwin's theory of natural selection, individuals who survive are most likely the ones best adapted to exist in their environment. Their survival is due to the a.a. possession of structures developed through use. b.b. possession of adaptations that maximize fitness. c.c. lack of competition within the species. d.d. ability to change their genotype. Slide 20 $400 Answer from H2 B Slide 21 If a male bird's rate of reproduction is higher than another male's based upon the appearance of each, what process is occurring? a.a. evolution b.b. extinction c.c. inheritance of acquired characteristics d.d. selection Slide 22 $500 Answer from H2 D Slide 23 .An adaptation is a characteristic that can be physical or a.a. behavioral. b.b. geographical. c.c. acquired. d.d. that does not affect fitness. Slide 24 $100 Answer from H3 A Slide 25 When lions prey on a herd of antelope, some antelope are eliminated. Which part of Darwin's theory of evolution may be used to describe this situation? a.a. acquired characteristics b.b. reproductive isolation c.c. survival of the fittest d.d. speciation due to mutations Slide 26 $200 Answer from H3 C Slide 27 Darwin called the ability of an organism to survive and reproduce in its environment a.a. diversity. b.b. fitness. c.c. adaptation. d.d. evolution. Slide 28 $300 Answer from H3 B Slide 29 What is evolution? a.a. the increased reproductive success of the fittest individuals b.b. the diminished reproductive success of poorly adapted individuals c.c. the change in the inherited characteristics of a population d.d. the struggle for existence undergone by all living things Slide 30 $400 Answer from H3 C Slide 31 The observation by Darwin that finches of different species on the Galpagos Islands have many similar physical characteristics supports the conclusion that these finches a.a. have the ability to interbreed. b.b. acquired traits through use and disuse. c.c. all eat the same type of food. d.d. originated from a common ancestor. Slide 32 $500 Answer from H3 D Slide 33 Darwin's theory of evolution suggests that a.a. species change over time. b.b. all living things developed from fish. c.c. most plants and animals can interbreed. d.d. all dogs are more closely related to fish than to whales. Slide 34 $100 Answer from H4 A Slide 35 Darwin's theory of evolution is based on a.a. natural variation and natural selection. b.b. use and disuse. c.c. a tendency toward perfect organisms. d.d. transmission of acquired characteristics. Slide 36 $200 Answer from H4 A Slide 37 Common cells growing in similar patterns in different organisms produce a.a. homologous structures such as wings and arms. b.b. indistinguishable early embryos. c.c. vestigial organs such as reduced tails. d.d. different limb types specialized for a single function. Slide 38 $300 Answer from H4 A Slide 39 Interpreting Graphics According to Figure 15-3, how did overall body size change during the evolution of the horse? A.) it increased B.) it decreased C.) it remained the same Slide 40 $400 Answer from H4 A Slide 41 Analyzing Data According to Figure 15-3, how did the number of toes change during the evolution of the horse? A.) Increased to five B.) Decreased to one Slide 42 $500 Answer from H4 B Slide 43 Interpreting Graphics What differences in the bodies of the three tortoise species are apparent in Figure 15-4? A.) Differences in eyes B.) Differences in shell and necks C.) Differences in feet Slide 44 $100 Answer from H5 B Slide 45 Interpreting Graphics Which of the tortoises shown in Figure 15-4 has the longest neck? A.) Pinta Island B.) Isabela Island C.) Hood Island Slide 46 $200 Answer from H5 C Slide 47 $300 Question from H5 Inferring Vegetation on Isabela Island is close to the ground. How might the location of vegetation have affected the neck and shell of the Isabela Island tortoise shown in Figure 15-4? A.) Short neck turtle would have advantage B.) Long neck turtle would have advantage C.) Mid-neck Turtle Would have advantage Slide 48 $300 Answer from H5 A Slide 49 Applying Concepts Which parents of the nests shown in Figure 15-5 have the potential for the greatest fitness? A.) parents of nest A B.) parents of nest B C.) parents of nest C Slide 50 $400 Answer from H5 C Slide 51 Inferring In which of the nests shown in Figure 15-5 might there be intense competition for food? A.) nest A B.) nest B C.)nest C Slide 52 $500 Answer from H5 C Slide 53 Final Jeopardy Applying Concepts Which parents of the nests shown in Figure 15-5 would suffer the greatest loss of fitness if one egg did not hatch? A.) parents of nest a B.)parents of nest B C.) parents of nest C Slide 54 Final Jeopardy Answer A

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