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Energy balances and energy related GHG emission inventories in France Works initiated by EUROSTAT to reconcile both data sets Jean-Pierre FONTELLE Centre Interprofessionnel Technique d’Etudes de la Pollution Atmosphérique www.citepa.org EC GHG MM - EEA – Copenhagen – 24 & 25 June 2003 Richard LAVERGNE – Louis MEURIC Direction générale de l’énergie et des matières premières Observatoire de l’Energie www.industrie.gouv.fr/ energie

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Energy balances and energy related GHG emission inventories in France Works initiated by EUROSTAT to reconcile both data sets. Richard LAVERGNE – Louis MEURIC. Jean-Pierre FONTELLE. Direction générale de l’énergie et des matières premières Observatoire de l’Energie. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Energy balances and energy related GHG emission inventories in FranceWorks initiated by EUROSTAT to reconcile both data setsJean-Pierre FONTELLECentre Interprofessionnel Technique dEtudes de la Pollution Atmosphriquewww.citepa.orgEC GHG MM - EEA Copenhagen 24 & 25 June 2003Richard LAVERGNE Louis MEURICDirection gnrale de lnergie et des matires premires Observatoire de lEnergiewww.industrie.gouv.fr/energie

  • National institutions responsible for Energy and GHG emissions

    EnergySteering Committee (Ministries, statiscal bodies, etc.)Energy Office (Observatoire de lEnergie) Joint International QuestionnaireEUROSTAT, IEA, etc.National Energy BalanceStat. Office on Industry (SESSI) Statist. Office on Agriculture (SCEES) Ministry of AgricultureOther administrations and non public organisations (other data)Annual survey on Energy for IndustryUSERS,Including CITEPA responsible for GHG inventory compilationRASASAMinistry of Industry

  • National institutions responsible for Energy and GHG emissions

    GHG Emissions (and non GHG)Several different public and private organisations, includingEnergy Office (Observatoire de lEnergie) CITEPA inventory compilation of CRF and NIR reports(NFR, LCP, NEC, CAFE, projections)UNFCCC, ECMIES (Interministerial Task Force on Climate Change) Ministry of Environment Other ministries and MIESVALIDATIONGHG onlyUNECE, EC, other applic.

  • National procedures and (legal) basis1. Administrative Collection of DataOil Law of 31 December 1992Electricity Law of 10 February 2000 + Decree of 18 June 2002 for Statistics on ElectricityGas Law of 3 January 2003 + Decree in preparation for Statistics on Gas

    Energy3. International Commitments on EnergyIEA, EU Questionnaires (Energy Balances, Monthly Questionaires,)

    2. Statistical SurveysMandatory surveys (Statistical Law of 1951) on Electricity, Gas, District Heating, Energy Consumption in IndustryVolontary Syndicate Surveys on Energy Consumption in Transport, Services, Domestic and on Renewables

  • National procedures and (legal) basisInternational commitmentsEC GHG MM decision : GHG inventory on the basis of UNFCCC requirementsEC directives (IPPC / EPER and CO2)UNFCCC : GHG inventory requirementsUNECE : relevant for indirect GHG gases (SO2, NOx, NMVOCs, CO)

    GHG emissionsNational regulations Environment Code book II, title II, chapter I, art. L221-6 on emission inventories in general, to be produced every yearEmission balances (especially on GHGs every year), registers

    Procedure : a unique emission inventory system for almost all substances (GHGs and others substances for all applications)

  • National procedures and (legal) basis1. Administrative Collection of DataOil Law of 31 December 1992Electricity Law of 10 February 2000 + Decree of 18 June 2002 for Statistics on ElectricityGas Law of 3 January 2003 + Decree in preparation for Statistics on Gas

    Energy3. International Commitments on EnergyIEA, EU Questionnaires (Energy Balances, Monthly Questionaires,)

    2. Statistical SurveysMandatory surveys (Statistical Law of 1951) on Electricity, Gas, District Heating, Energy Consumption in IndustryVolontary Syndicate Surveys on Energy Consumption in Transport, Services, Domestic and on Renewables

  • Simplified flow chart of the National Inventory System for GHGs Specifications from demands (UNFCCC, EC, UNECE, national authorities,)National Inventory System specificationsDefinition of reference nomenclatures, methods, type of data, data providers, etc. Several different sources and providers including energy statistics organisationsData collectionData treatment (validation, verification, calculation, confidentiality, )Reporting (preparation of data sets and reports)National CommiteeMinistry of Environment, Industry, Transport, Agriculture, MIES, Final report and CRFSubmission to relevant national and international bodiesPublic dissemination www.citepa.orgValidation / verification

  • Experience with quality, consistency and timeliness

    Energy data Quality : globally good but structure not appropriate for estimating GHG emission, as requested by the UNFCCC guidelines Consistency : regarding CRF classification, contribution to total emissions by sector and fuel needs to be improved using various sources and external assumptions Timeliness : very good for global figures but sectoral data and figures for reference approach are not available in time

  • Timeliness (energy and emission data availability)Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr Year N+1 Year N+2Energy dataGHG emiss.data collection and treatment

  • Lessons and concrete actions from EUROSTAT projectStudy commissioned by the Energy Office on EUROSTATs initiative and carried out by CEPII (Nina Kousnetzoff and Sophie Chauvin), independant body with the collaboration of Observatoire de lEnergie (Richard Lavergne) and CITEPA (Jean-Pierre Fontelle)Work is finalised and the report will be available soonVery useful study for all participants. Very fruitful exchanges of information. CEPII : Centre dEtudes Prospectives et dInformations Internationales (Centre for Forward Studies and International Information)Identification of problems and areas of progress. Points raised concern both the national level and the international level (eg. discussion with IEA on energy data)

  • Lessons and concrete actions from EUROSTAT project (contd)The Reference Approach yields non relevant results due to inconsistencies in IEA figures :Instructions to fill in or use the common questionnaire is not sufficiently clearOil data are based on import quantity and differ from oil consumption (statistical problem : import < consumption)National data submitted to IEA are not consistent with national energy balance used for GHG inventories (before 2000) Emissions resulting from the sectoral approach are not directly affected by this study. However, some improvements in energy statistics could affect GHG emissions (probably limited in terms of total GHG emissions but possibly more significant by sector or energy type) and therefore could have an effect on the level of uncertainty.Main results

  • Lessons and concrete actions from EUROSTAT project (contd)Recommendation to the energy statistics to encourage provision of more appropriate data for GHG inventory (especially data split according to GHG inventory classification)Develop technical guidance information to collect, to compile and to use correctly energy statistics at the national and international levelsConcrete actionsImprove the exchange between the energy data provider (Observatoire de lEnergie Energy office) and the inventory provider (CITEPA), possibly by developping a more official concertation Changes in energy statistics for all years retrospectively to 1990 seems to be not possible at this timeCurrent limits